[Justings Faringdon Ward without. in Smithfield.]239

[Justings Faringdon Ward without. in Smithfield.]

of England, against the Pagans that invaded their Confines.

The 48th of Edward III. Dame Alice Perrers, or Pierce, (the King's Concubine) as Lady of the Sun, rode from the Tower of London, through Cheap, accompanied of many Lords and Ladies; every Lady leading a Lord by his Horse Bridle, till they came into West Smithfield; and then began a great Just, which endured seven Days after.

Alice Perrers rode from the Tower to Smithfield, as Lady of the Sun.

Also the 9th of Richard II. was the like great Riding from the Tower to Westminster, and every Lord led a Lady's Horse Bridle; and on the Morrow began the Justs in Smithfield, which lasted three Days. There bare them well, Henry of Darby, the Duke of Lancaster's Son, the Lord Beaumont, Sir Simon Burley, and Sir Paris Courtney.

In the 14th of Richard II. after Froisard, Royal Justs and Turnaments were proclaimed to be done in Smithfield; to begin on Sunday, next after the Feast of St. Michael. Many Strangers came forth out of other Countries: Namely, Valerian, Earl of St. Paul, that had married King Richard's Sister; the Lady Maud Courtney, and William the young Earl of Ostarvant; Son to Albret of Baviere, Earl of Holland and Henault.

At the Day appointed, there issued forth of the Tower, about the third Hour of the Day, Sixty Coursers, apparelled for the Justs; and upon every one an Esquire of Honour, riding a soft Pace. Then came forth Sixty Ladies of Honour, mounted upon Palfraies, riding on the one Side, richly Apparelled; and every Lady led a Knight with a Chain of Gold. Those Knights being on the King's Party, had their Armour and Apparel garnished with White Harts and Crowns of Gold about the Harts Necks; and so they came riding through the Streets of London, to Smithfield, with a great number of Trumpets, and other Instruments of Musick before them. The King and Queen, who were lodged in the Bishop's Palace of London, were come from thence, with many great Estates, and placed in Chambers to see the Justs. The Ladies that led the Knights, were taken down from their Palfrays, and went up to Chambers prepared for them. Then alighted the Esquires of Honour from their Coursers, and the Knights in good Order mounted upon them. And after the Helmets were set on their Heads, and being ready in all Points, Proclamation made by the Heralds, the Justs began; and many commendable Courses were run, to the great Pleasure of the Beholders. These Justs continued many Days, with great Feasting, as ye may read in Froisard.

Tower Royal.

In the Year 1393. the 17th of Richard II. certain Lords of Scotland came into England to get Worship, by force of Arms; the Earl of Marr challenged the Earl of Nottingham to Just with him; and so they rode together certain Courses, but not the full Challenge; for the Earl of Marr was cast, both Horse and Man, and two of his Ribs broken with the fall; so that he was conveyed out of Smithfield, and so towards Scotland, but died by the Way, at York.

Sir William Darell, Kt. the King's Banner bearer of Scotland, challenged Sir Percy Courtney, Kt. the King's Banner bearer of England; and when they had run certain Courses, gave over without conclusion of Victory. Then Cookborne, Esq; of Scotland, challenged Sir Nicolas Hawberke, Kt. and rode five Courses, but Cookborne was born over Horse and Man, &c.

In the Year 1409. the 10th of Henry IV. a great Play was played at Skinners Well, which lasted eight Days; where were to see the same, the most part of the Nobles and Gentles of England. And forthwith began a Royal Justing in Smithfield, between the Earl of Somerset, and the Seneshall of Henalt, Sir John Cornwall, Sir Ric. Arundell, and the Son of Sir John Cheyney, against certain French Men. And the same Year a Battle was fought in Smithfield, the one called Glauster Appellant, and the other Arthure Defendant; they fought valiantly, but the King took up the Quarrel into his Hands, and pardoned them both.

A Play at Skinners Well.

In the beginning of Henry V. his Reign, another mnemorable Encounter happened here in Smithfield, between Rob. Carey, of the West, Son of Sir John Carey, Kt. and a Foreign Kt. called Aragonese, one of the Kingdom of Aragon. Who having performed many noble Atchievements in other Countries, at last visited England; where he challenged many Persons of his Rank and Quality, to make trial of his Skill in Arms. The said Robert Carey accepted his Challenge. Between them was waged a cruel Encounter, and a long and doubtful Combat. But at last he was vanquished by the English Gentleman.. Who was therefore knighted by the King, and restored to part of his Father's Inheritance; having been Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer in King Richard II. his Time, and taking part with him, had forfeited his Estate. And whereas by the Law of Heraldry (saith my Author) whosoever fairly in the Field conquered his Adversary, might justify the wearing and bearing of his Arms whom he overcame; he accordingly took on him the Coat Armour of this Aragonese, being Argent, on a Bend Sable, three Roses of the First; which is ever since born by the Name of Carey. Whose antient Coat of Arms was, Gules, a Chevron Argent, between three Swans proper: One whereof they still retain in their Crest.]

Combate of Carey, and a Foreign Knight.

Izacké's Remarks of Exeter.

J. S.

Carey's Arms, how atchieved.

In the Year 1430. the 8th of Henry VI. the 14th of January, a Battle was done in Smithfield, within the Lists, before the King, between two Men of Feversham in Kent; John Upton, Notary, Appellant, and John Downe, Gentleman, Defendant. John Upton put upon John Downe, that he and his Compiers should imagine the King's death, upon the day of his Coronation. When these had fought long, the King took up the Matter, and forgave both Parties.

In the Year 1442. the 20th of Henry VI. the 30th of January, a Challenge was done in Smithfield, within the Lists, before the King; there being Sir Philp la Beaufe, of Aragon, Kt. the other an Esquire of the King's House, called John Ansley, or Antsley. They came to the Field all Armed, the Knight with his Sword drawn, and the Esquire with his Spear; which Spear he cast against the Knight, but the Knight avoided it with his Sword, and cast it to the Ground. Then the Esquire took his Axe, and smote many Blows on the Knight, and made him let fall his Axe, and brake up his Uniber three times, and would have smit him on the Face with his Dagger, for to have slain him; but then the King cried hold, and so they were parted. The King made John Ansley, Knight, and the Knight of Aragon offered his Harness at Windsor.

John David, a false Accuser of his Master. Of him was raised the By-word, If ye serve me so, I will call you Davy.

In the Year 1446. the 24th of Henry VI. John David appeached his Master, William Cater, of Treason; and a Day being assigned

them