[Serjeants Feasts.] Faringdon Ward without. [Hatton Garden.]246

[Serjeants Feasts.] Faringdon Ward without. [Hatton Garden.]

The first, in the Year 1464. the 4th of Edward IV. in Michaelmas Term, the Serjeants at Law held their Feast in this House. To the which, amongst other Estates, Matthew Philip, Maior of London, with the Aldermen, Sheriffs, and Commons of divers Crafts being invited, did repair. But when the Maior looked to keep the State in the Hall, as it had been used in all Places within the City and Liberties, out of the King's presence, the Lord Gray of Ruthen, then Lord Treasurer of England, unwitting the Serjeants, and against their Wills (as they said) was first placed. Whereupon, the Maior, Aldermen, and Common, departed home; and the Maior made the Aldermen to dine with him. Howbeit, He and all the Citizens were wonderfully displeased, that he was so dealt with; and the new Serjeants, and others, were right sorry therefore, and had rather than much good (as they said) it had not so happened.

Serjeants Feast in Ely House.

The Maior and Citizens take Offence, and go home.

One other Feast was likwise there kept, in the Year 1531. the 23d of King Henry VIII. The Serjeants then made, were in number Eleven: Namely, Thomas Audeley, Walter Luke, J. Bawldwine, J. Hinde, Christopher Jenny, John Dowsell, Edward Mervine, Edmund Knightley, Roger Chomley, Edward Montague, and Robert Yorke.

These also held their Feast in this Ely house for five Days; to wit, Friday the 10th of November, Saturday, Sunday, Munday, and Tuesday. On Munday (which was their principal Day) King Henry and Queen Katharine dined there (but in two Chambers) and the Foreign Ambassadors in a third Chamber.

King Henry VIII. and Queen Katharine, dined at the Serjeants Feasts.

In the Hall, at the high Table, sate Sir Nicolas Lambard, Maior of London, the Judges, the Barons of the Exchequer, with certain Aldermen of the City. At the Board on the South side sate the Master of the Rolls, the Master of the Chancery, and Worshipful Citizens. On the North side of the Hall, certain Aldermen began the Board, and then followed Merchants of the City. In the Cloistry, Chappel and Gallery, Knights, Esquires, and Gentlemen were placed. In the Halls, the Crafts of London. The Serjeants of Law, and their Wives, kept in their own Chambers.

It were tedious to set down the preparation of Fish, Flesh, and other Victuals spent in this Feast, and would seem almost incredible; and (as to me it seemeth) wanted little of a Feast at a Coronation. Nevertheless, a little I will touch, for declaration of the change of Prices.

There were brought to the Slaughter House, Four and twenty great Beefs, at 26s. 8d. the piece from the Shambles; one Carcass of an Oxe, at 24s. an Hundred fat Muttons, 2s. 10d. the piece; Fifty one great Veals, at 4s. 8d. the piece; Thirty four Porks, 3s. 8d. the piece; Ninety one Pigs, 6d. the piece. Capons of Greece, of one Poulter, (for they had three) ten Dozens, at 20d. the piece; Capons of Kent, Nine dozen and six, at 12d. the piece; Capons course, Nineteen dozen, at 6d. the piece. Cocks of grose, Seven dozen and nine, at 8d. the piece; Cocks course, Fourteen dozen and eight, at 3d. the piece. Pullets the best, 2d. ob. other Pullets, 2d. Pigeons, Thirty seven dozen, at 10d. the Dozen. Swans, Fourteen dozen. Larks, Three hundred and forty dozen, at 5d. the Dozen, &c. Edward Nevill was Seneshal or Steward, Tho. Ratcliffe, Controller, Tho. Wildon, Clerk of the Kitchin.

The Provision of Flesh and Fowl, with the Prizes.

Capons of Greece.

Capons of Kent.

Course Capons.

Bishop Cox refuses to alienate his Garden to Hatton.

To this Ely Place, in Queen Elizabeth's time, belonged Grounds, consisting of an Orchard and a Pasture, all inclosed within a Wall. Cox, Bishop of Ely, upon the Queen's Solicitation, granted Mr. Christopher Hatton (who was Vice-Chamberlain of the Houshold, Knighted, and lastly Lord High Chancellor) a part of this House for Twenty one Years. Upon which he laid out much Cost. And upon that pretence, afterward, he moved the Queen to require the said Bishop to alienate it to him, with the Garden. Which to do, he made an humble Denial to the Queen: Signifying to her, by a well penned Letter in Latin, not only the Inconveniency that would hereby come to him and his Successors: Viz. "That they should want an Orchard and Ground, and that they should be too much streightned; but that in his Conscience he could not do it, beong a piece of Sacrilege. That when he became Bishop of Ely, he had received certain Farms, Houses, and other Things, which former pious Princes had judged necessary for that Place and Calling. These he received, by the Queen's Favour, from his Predecessors; and that of these he was to be a Steward, not a Scatterer. That he could not bring his Mind to be so ill a Trustee for his Successors, nor to violate the pious Wills of Kings and Princes; and in effect rescind their last Testaments. He put the Queen in Mind of that Rule of Nature, and of God, not to do that to another, which one would not have done to ones self: And that the Profit of one, is not to be increasd by the Damage of another. Nay, he told her, that he could scarcely justify those Princes, which transferred Things appointed for pious Uses, into Uses less pious." But however, Hatton failed of obtaining his Desire at present, after this good Bishop's death, the Temporalities coming into the Queen's Hands, these Lands were made over to him; and now go under the name of Hatton Gardens. Of which, by Buildings, vast Improvements have been made.

J. S.

His observable Letter to the Queen.

This Ely House, with the Bounds of it, claimed a Privilege of express Exemption from the Lord Maior's Jurisdiction. About this was a Contest, Anno 1567. Sir Roger Martin being Lord Maior, came with his Company into the Parts about Ely House, called Ely Rents, and attempted to weigh Bread, and do his Office among the Bishop's Tenants there. Which they refused to suffer him to do, as being exempt from the Rights and Franchises, and Liberties of the Maior; and that they belonged to the Jurisdiction of the Church and Bishoprick of Ely. This caused a great Dispute, and at length the Bishop and the Maior chose certain honourable Arbitrators, to determine this Business; submitting themselves to the Order and Direction of the Right Honourable Sir Nicolas Bacon, Lord Keeper, Robert Earl of Leicester, Sir Rob. Catlyne, Kt. Lord Chief Justice of England, Sir Walter Mildmay, Kt. Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir James Dyer, Kt. Ld. Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. And both the said Paties appeared at divers and sundry Times, with their Learned Counsel, before the said Lords and Arbitrators, and shewed divers and sundry Writings and Records, for the maintenance of their several Titles and Claims. And also, severally, produced several Witnesses, which had been examined in the Court of Chancery, and their Examinations published. And also produced several Witnesses Vivâ Voce before the said Arbitrators, for proof of their several Allegations.

Whether this House is exempt from the Maior.

The Consideration of all which Matters, after divers and sundry Debates, it was agreed, should be referred to the two Chief Justices;

and