[St Andrews Holbourn.] Faringdon Ward without. [Street,s Courts, &c.]253

[St Andrews Holbourn.] Faringdon Ward without. [Street,s Courts, &c.]

Southampton Buildings, or Old Southampton Buildings, to distinguish it from New Southampton Buildings in St. Giles's Parish; a good large Place, composed of two Streets, the one having a passage out of Chancery lane, and runneth Eastward to the dead Wall of Staple Inn Garden; and about the middle of this Street the other begins, and falls into Holbourn, against Gray's Inn: And both are handsome Streets, with good Houses, well inhabited. In the Street next to Holbourn, is Southampton Court, with a Freestone Pavement; and hath a narrow dark passage, down Steps, into Chancery lane. Northumberland Court, having an open entrance into it, for Coach or Cart. The Houses are indifferent good, answerable to the Inhabitants. Out of this Court is a passage into Holbourn, through the Kings head Tavern. In the place of these Buildings, antiently stood the House of the Templars. In came at length to the Earls of Southampton; and in the end converted into Buildings, as now it is.

Old Southampton Buildings.

Southampton Court.

Northumberland Court.

Chancery lane, is a Street of a great Resort and Trade, especially the Part next Fleetstreet; but that which is in this Parish, begins on the South side of Cursitors Alley, and so runs into Holbourn. And this Part hath the best Buildings, and best inhabited; being taken up by Gentry, especially that Part on the East side, that hath the prospect of Lincoln's Inn Gardens. Betwixt Cursitor's Alley and Southampton Buildings, is a very handsome large, and airy Court, lately built, with very handsome Brick Houses, called New Court: And for the goodness of the Houses, and the Inhabitants, is by some called Quality Court. It hath a very good Freestone Pavement, neatly kept. The Houses that are on the South side, have a prospect into Serjeant Rawlinson's Garden.

Chancery lane.

New Court.

Quality Court.

As to the Description of Lincoln's Inn, it is treated of in the Liberty of the Rolls, to which I will refer the Reader. But that Part in this Parish, is all the old Buildings, except those lately built, with the greatest part of the Garden fronting the Buildings towards Holbourn. And this Inn, taken in the whole, is a curious Pile of Buildings, not inferiour to any of the four Inns of Court.

Lincolns Inn.

Cursitors Alley comes out of Castle street, and falls into Chancery lane; at the entrance into which it is but narrow, the rest broad and handsome, with good Buildings.

Cursitors Alley.

This Alley takes its Name from the Cursitors Office, seated on the North side, and next to Chancery lane; where the Cursitors Office is at present kept, above Stairs, and is a good large Buidling.

Cursitors Office.

On the North side of High Holbourn, are these Places of Name, beginning next to the Bars. The first is Bakers Alley, seated betwixt the Bars and Gray's Inn lane; a narrow, long, and ordinary Place, with several turning passages; which at the upper end falls into a small square Court, something better built. George Yard, pretty large, containing two Courts, the one within the other, and both hath old Timber Houses; which if new built, with good Houses, would turn to an Improvement by good Tenements, as being so well seated near unto Gray's Inn, and some others of the Inns of Court and Chancery.

Bakers Alley.

George Yard.

Gray's Inn, so called, as belonging formerly to the Family of Lord Gray; which having its chief entrance out of this Street, shall be here taken notice of, although seated much backward; and likewise taking up almost all the West side of Gray's Inn lane, into which it hath a passage. This is another of the four Inns of Courts, and is very spacious; containing several Courts, surrounded with good Buildings, taken up by Barresters and Students of the Law. The chief Courts are Holbourn Court, Chappel Court, and Cony Court. But since the taking down the middle Row of old Chambers, which severed Cony Court from Chappel Court, both are laid open together; only a separation of a Palisado Pail running cross, to keep the Coachmen from driving their Horses into Cony Court; which since the levelling and gravelling, is kept very handsome. And this Court being the best situate, as to an open Air, especially the West and North Sides, which looks into the Garden and adjacent Fields, is of most Esteem, and hath the best Buildings. The Hall where the Gentlemen of the Society Dine and Sup, is large and good; but the Chappel adjoining is too small; and I could with that the Society would new build it, and to raise it on arched Pillars, as Lincoln's Inn Chappel, and then there would be a good dry Walk underneath, in rainy Weather. Besides these Courts, there is another more Westward, having the Garden Wall on the North side, and Buildings on the West, with some part of the South. Out of this Court there is a passage, down Steps, into Holbourn Court, another passage into Chappel Court,, another into Fulwood's Rents, and another into the Fields.

Grays Inn.

The Courts.

The Hall.

The Chappel

The chief Ornament belonging to this Inn, is its spacious Garden, with curious Walks, as well those that are shady by the lofty Trees, as those that are raised higher, and lie open to the Air, and the enjoyment of a delightful prospect of the Fields. And this Garden hath been, for many Years, much resorted unto, by the Gentry of both Sexes.

The Garden.

Fulwood's Rents, opposite to Chancery lane, runneth up to Gray's Inn, into which it hath an entrance, through the Gate; a Place of a good Resort, and taken up by Coffee Houses, Ale Houses, and Houses of Entertainment, by reason of its vicinity to Gray's Inn. On the East side is an handsomeopen Place, with a Freestone Pavement, and better built and inhabited by private Housekeepers. At the upper end of this Court, is a passage into the Castle Tavern, a House of a considerable Trade. As is the Golden Griffin Tavern, on the West side, which also hath a passage into Fulwood's Rents.

Fulwoods Rents.

Warwick Court, newly built out of Warwick House and Garden; being a very handsome and spacious Place, with a broad Freestone Pavement; and garnished on both sides by large and well built Brick Houses, fit only for Persons of Repute. The North end lieth open into the passage belonging to Gray's Inn, which leadeth into Red Lion Fields, and those Parts.

Warwick Court.

Brownlow street also cometh out of Holbourn, and runneth up into the Fields; from which it is severed by a pair of handsome Gates, shut up a Nights, for the Security of the Inhabitants, and built at their Charge. The Street is indifferent broad, and hath good Brick Buildings, well inhabited.

Brownlow street.

Hand Alley, seated almost against Great Turnstile Alley, not long built; the Houses are good, and well inhabited; hath a Freestone Pavement, and a passage into the Fields, over against Bedford Row of Buildings. Leaden Porch Court, pretty large, but ill built, with old Timber Houses, and not over well inhabited; but might be much improved by new Building. Three Cups Inn, large, and of a considerable Resort for Persons that come to Town; having great Conveniencies of Coach Houses and Stables.

Hand Alley.

Leaden Porch Court.

Three Cups Inn.

Dean