[The Templers.] Faringdon Ward without. [The Temple.]271

[The Templers.] Faringdon Ward without. [The Temple.]
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The Temple  Associated.
  The Temple Associated. ]

That the Money being committed unto their Trust, could not be delivered, without the licence of him that committed it to Ecclesiastical Protection. Whereupon, the King sent his Treasurer and Justicier of the Exchequer unto Hubert, to require him to resign the Money wholly into his Hands. Who answered, That he would gladly submit himself, and all his, unto the King's pleasure. And thereupon desired the Knights of the Temple (in his behalf) to present all the Keys unto the King, to do his pleasure with the Goods which he had committed unto them. Then the King commanded the Money to be faithfully told, and laid up in his Treasure by Inventory; wherein was found, (besides ready Money) Vessels of Gold and Silver, unpraiseable; and many precious Stones, which would make all Men wonder, if they knew the Worth of them.

This Temple was again dedicated, 1240. belike also newly re-edified then.

In the Year 1245. Pope Innocent's Nuncio resided in the New Temple. And the said Pope commanded the Bishops of England, to bring to his Nuncio there, 6000 Marks, to be raised from the Enlgish Bishopricks. Which King Henry forbad.]

The Pope's Nuncio resides here.

Mat. Paris.

J. S.

These Templers, at this time, were in so great Glory, that they entertained the Nobility, Foreign Ambassadours, and the Prince himself very often. Insomuch that Matthew Paris cryeth out on them for their Pride; who being at the first so poor, as they had but one Horse to serve two of them; in Token whereof, they gave in their Seal, two Men riding on one Horse: Yet suddenly they waxed so insolent, that they disdained other Orders, and sorted themselves with Noblemen.

Mat. Paris.

Seal of the Templers.

King Edward I. in the Year 1283. taking with him Robert Waleran, and others, came to the Temple; where calling for the Keeper of the Treasure House, as if he meant to see his Mother's Jewels, that were laid up there, to be safely kept, he entred into the House, breaking the Coffers of certain Persons that had likewise brought their Money thither; and he took away from thence to the Value of 1000l.

30 Dunmow.

Many Parliaments and great Councels have been there kept, as may appear by our Histories.

The Templers seized.

In the Year 1308. all the Templers in England, as also in other parts of Christendom, were apprehended, and committed to divers Prisons.

The Templers seized.

In 1310. a Provincial Councel was holden at London, against Templers in England, upon Heresy, and other Articles whereof they were accused; but denied all except one or two of them. Notwithstanding, they all did confess, that they could not purge themselves fully, as faultless; and so they were condemned to perpetual Penance, in several Monasteries; where they behaved themselves Modestly.

Charged with Heresy.

Philip King of France procured their overthrow throughout the whole World; and caused them to be condemned by a general Councel, to his Advantage, as he thought. For he believed to have had all their Lands in France; and therefore seizing the same in his Hands, (as I have read) caused the Templers, to the number of 54. or, after Fabian, 60. to be burned at Paris.

The Order of Templers condemned.

Templers burned.

Rob. Fabian.

Edward II. in the Year 1313. gave unto Aimer de la Valence, Earl of Pembrook, the whole Place and Houses, called the New Temple at London, with the Ground called Fiquets Croft, and all the Tenements and Rents, with the Appurtenances that belonged to the Templers in the City of London, and Suburbs thereof. [Also the Land called Fletecroft, part of the Possessions of the said New Temple.]

Patent.

The Temple given to Aimer de Valence.

J. S.

After Aimer de Valence (saith some) Hugh Spencer (usurping the same) held it during his life. By whose Death [he being attainted the 1st of Edward III.] it came again to the Hands of Edward III. but in the meant time, to wit, 1324. by a Councel holden at Vienna, all the Land of the Templers (lest the same should be put to prophane Uses) were given to the Knights Hospitalers, of the Order of St. John Baptist, called St. John of Jherusalem. Which Knights had put the Turks out of the Ile of Rhodes, and also won upon the said Turk daily, for a long time.

Comes in King Edward III. his Hands.

Temple given to the Hospitalers of St John of Jherusalem..

The said Edward III. therefore granted the same to the said Knights, who possessed it. And in the 18th Year of the said King's Reign, were forced to repair the Bridge of the said Temple. These Knights had their head House for England, by West Smithfield. And they, in the Reign of the same Edward III. granted (for a certain Rent of 10l. by the Year) the said Temple, with the Appurtenances thereunto adjoining, to the Students of the Common Laws of England. In their possession the same hath ever since remained; and is now divided into two Houses of several Students, by the Names of Inns of Court; to wit, the Inner Temple, and the Middle Temple; who kept two several Halls. But they resort all to the said Temple Church.

Patent 2 Ed. 3. Clause, 18.

Ed. 3.

The Temple granted to the Students of the Law, and made an Inn of Court.

In the round Walk whereof, (which is the West part, without the Quire) there remain Monuments of Noblemen there buried, to the number of Eleven. Eight of them are Images of armed Knights; five lying cross-legged, as Men vowed to the Holy Land, against the Infidels and unbelieving Jews; the other three strait-legged: The rest are coaped Stones, all of grey Marble. The first of the cross-legged, was William Marshall, the elder, Earl of Pembrook, who died 1219. Will. Marshall, his Son, Earl of Pembrook, was the second; he died 1231. And Gilbert Marshall, his Brother, Earl of Pembrook, slain in a Turnament at Hartford, besides Ware, twenty Miles from London. He died in the Year 1241.

Monuments in the Temple.

Images of Knights buried cross-legged, the Cause why.

After this, Robert Rose, otherwise called Fursan, being made a Templer, in the Year 1245. died, and was buried there. And these are all that I can remember to have read of.

In the Year 1381, the Rebels of Essex and of Kent, destroyed and plucked down the Houses and Lodgings of this Temple, took out of the Church the Books and Records that were there in Hutches, of the Apprentices of the Law, carried them intyo the Streets, and there burnt them. The House they spoiled and burnt, for Wrath they bare Sir Robert Hales, Lord Prior of St. Johns in Smithfield. But it was since again, at divers times, repaired; namely, the Gate-House of the Middle Temple, in the Reign of Henry VIII. by Sir Amias Paulet, Kt. upon occasion, as in my Annals I have shewed. The great Hall of the Middle Temple was newly builded in the Year 1572. in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth.

Records of the Temple destroyed.

Gate House of the Temple new builded.

Great Hall of the Temple new builded.

At the entrance into the Temple, from Fleetstreet, is a very graceful Front of Brick Work, with four large Pilasters of Stone, of the Ionic Order; and an handsome Pediment, with a Round in the middle of it, having these Words inscribed in large Capitals: Surrexit impensis Societat. Med. Templi, MDCLXXXIV. Lower, just over the Arch, the Figure of an Holy Lamb. 1684.

The Front of the Temple.

J. S.

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