Bridge Ward without. Bridgehouse. 24

Bridge Ward without. Bridgehouse.

of the City and Nation. Sir John Spencer being Maior this Year, got it ordered, that the several Companies of the City should presently have made Provisions and furnished themselves with Wheat and Rye, according to their several Proportions allotted to them. Wherein they were not so forward as they ought to have been. And yet still in December they were unprovided of the greatest Part thereof. Wherefore he enjoined them the 13th of December, to furnish their Wants with what was brought in from Foreign Parts; and to have the same laid up in the Bridgehouse, in the several Garners, before the 8th of January next.

But Sir John Hawkins, being Treasurer of the Queen's Navy, sent some of his Men, desiring, or rather commanding room in the Bridgehouse, to lay in Wheat; and also the Ovens for baking. The Maior answered, that they could with no convenience spare the same: Alledging truly, that if the same should be yielded unto them, the Companies would thereby take occasion to neglect their Provisions, and would alledge that they could not do the same, for that the Maior had lent away their Garners. And thereby the City, which in time of Dearth was furnished only from Foreign Parts, should be unprovided, and the Fault wholly laid upon him. And then either that which should be brought for the Provision of the City, of force must be tolerated to be brought up by the Badgers, and carried from London, as it had been; or else the Merchants discouraged from bringing in any more: As the said Maior told Sir John Hawkins's Men; and afterwards shewed the same to the Lord Treasurer.

Hawkins requires the Bridgehouse and Ovens for the Queen's Navy.

Denied by the Maior.

And for the Ovens, he told them, that the same were used in baking Bread for the Poor, that they might have the more for their Money. And therefore they could not be spared.

The Ovens used to bake Bread for the Poor.

The Maior added, that, as he was informed, Her Majesty had Garners about Tower- Hill, and Whitehall, or Westminster. And also, That if they would not serve, Her Majesty had in her hands Winchester House, wherein great Quantities might be laid. But they answered the Maior, That he should hear more to his further Dislike. The Maior told them, That if they did procure any Letters for the same, he doubted not but to answer them to the Lord Treasurers good Acceptance. Soon after the Maior received Letters from some of the Council. Whereat the Maior dispatched his Letter with the whole Matter to the Lord Treasurer; praying his good Favour, That the same Garners being the Cities, they might be employed for the use of the same; that there be no Want nor Outcry of the Poor for Bread. Or else, That if there did fall out a greater Want and Dearth of Grain than yet there was, and that the City were unprovided, his Lordship would be pleased to have him excused. And humbly submitted himself to his Honour's good pleasure. Thus did the good Magistrates of the City take care to maintain their Liberties against any other Encroachments, and exprest their solicitude for their Poor.]

The Maior's appeal to the L. Treasurer against Hawkins's Men.

There was of late, for the enlarging of the said Bridgehouse, taken in an old Brewhouse, called Goldings, which was given to the City by George Monox, sometime Maior, and in place thereof is now a fair Brewhouse builded, for service of the City with Beer.

A Brewhouse builded in the Bridgehouse.

Over this Bridgehouse there is a Bridgemaster appointed, and he some Freeman, chosen by the City, whose Office is to look after the Reparation of the Bridge: He hath a liberal Salary allowed him. The Place hath sometimes been a good Relief for some honest Citizens fallen to decay. The Keeper of the Bridgehouse had in ancient Times an Interest in certain Mills upon the River Lee near Stratford; and the Master of S. Thomas of Acres had a Title to other Mills there. For, as it appears by an old Inquisition taken in the Time of King Edward I. there was a Calcetum, i.e. a Chalk Cawsey on the North near Stratford, which was made by Queen Maud, through which were three Trenches made for three Courses of Water to run, for the use of several Mills, partly belonging to the Master of St. Thomas, and partly to the Bridgemaster: Over which were three wooden Bridges made, by the said Masters.

The Bridgemaster.

J. S.

Chalk Cawsey near Stratford.

This is manifest by an Extract out of an ancient Inquisition, which was in these words; "J. was presented by Inquisition taken at Stratford at Bow, before Roger Brabanzon, and others, in Anno XXXIIo. Reg. Edw. filii Reg. Henrici; as followeth:"

The Bridges of Stratford to be repaired by the Bridgemaster.

Dicunt etiam quod tria Molendina facta sunt super Calcetum versus Boream, viz. unum Molendinum Fullonium per quendam Magistrum Domus Sti. Thomas de Acre. Quod Molendinum, & etiam Scitus alterius Molendini Magister illius Domus nunc tenet. Et alia duo Molendina per Custodem Pontis London. Scil. unum Molendinum aquaticum, quod vocatur Sayenes Milne; & aliud molendinum Fullonicum, quod vocatur Spilemans Milne. Quæ duo; molendina Custos Pontis, London nunc tenet. De quibus molendinis descendunt tres cursus aquæ in tribus trenchetis factis ex transverso Calceti predicti per dictos Magistrum & Custodem, per magnum tempus postquam Calcetum illud factum fuit. Ultra quos Trenchetos, facti sunt tres pontes de ligno in Calceto illo per prefatos Magistrum & Custodem: qui magna indigent sustentatione.

The Purport of which words is, "That there were three Mills made upon this Chalk Causeway Northward; one a Fullers Mill, and the Scite of another Mill belonging to the Master of S. Thomas of Acre: and two other Mills, called Sayens Milne and Spilemans Milne, the one a Water Mill, the other a Fullers Mill; both held by the Keeper of London Bridge. From which Mills came three Courses of Water in three Trenches made cross the Chalk Causeway by the said Master and Keeper. Beyond which Trenches were made three Wooden Bridges in that said Causeway, by the said Master and Keeper: which greatly wanted Repair."

The Maior and Commonalty of London, as Keepers of London Bridge, and the said Master of S. Thomas of Acre, were called by Process, and appeared in Anno 7 Reg. Edward II. and the King's Attorney charged them to repair the Bridges according to the said Presentment. And they traversed it; saying, That they were not bound to make, repair, or maintain the foresaid Chalk Causeway, or any Bridges between Stratford at Bow, and Hamme Stratford, nor had accustomed to do it. But the first Presentment was confirmed against the said Traverse in the ninth Year of King Edward II.]

Which the City denied they were to do.

At a Common Council, July 14. Ann. 33. H. VIII. it was ordered, that the Seal of the Bridgehouse should be changed; because the Image of Thomas Becket, sometime Archbishop of Canterbury, was graven therein: And a new Seal to be made, devised by Mr. Hall, to whom the old Seal was delivered.

A new Seal for the Bridgehouse.

R.

Note, This was occasioned by a Proclamation, which commanded the Names of the Pope and Thomas of Becket to be put out of all Books and Monuments. Which is the reason you shall see them so blotted out in all old Chronicles, Legends, Primers and Service Books printed before these Times.

Next, was the Abbot of Battails Inn, betwixt the Bridgehouse and Battail Bridge, likewise on the Bank of the River of Thames; the Walks and Gardens thereunto appertaining, on the other side of the Way, before the Gate of the said House, was

Abbot of Battail his Inn.

called