|Suburbs without the Walls. Allome house. ||40
there overthwart the Mouth of the Dock. And upon the emptying of the Water (out
the Lighter) which issued from the Grease, there did arise a most noysome
Scum of a frothy Substance, and did spread all about the Mouth of the Dock, and
down into the Thames: and there was a Vessel caused to be filled with it, and it
stink; that we were were not able to endure the Scent of it, insomuch that it
all the Wells and Ponds thereabouts: This was seen and done in the Presence of
Master Cornelius Godfrey, Merchant.
Mr. George Freeman.
Mr. Joseph Jaques.
Mr. Leonard Leonard.
Mr. Michael Leech.
Mr. Fulk Wormleighton.
Mr. John Byrks.
All which were ready to testify the Truth hereof upon Oath.
The Inhabitants also put up this Petition to the Justices against this Allome
To the Right Worshipful His Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the County of
Middlesex, and Commissioners for Annoyances, and to all other His Majesty's
Officers, whom in this Case it shall concern,
WE His Majesty's loving Subject inhabiting within the
Parish of Whitechapel, in the County of Middlesex, and St. Botolphs without
London, and in the Hamlets of Stepney, Wappin, East Smithfield, and St.
near the Tower of London, finding and being continually choaked and poysoned up
with the daily and continual Stink, and most noisome and infectious Smell that
begun amongst us, by a Workhouse for making of Allome (as is reported) by Mr.
William Turner, Mr. George Lowe, and Mr. Thomas Jones, and others, erected at
West end of Wappin, adjoining upon the River of Thames, and near unto the Tower
London, and to His Majesty's Storehouse on Tower Hill, where the Provision for
Highness's Shiping is daily provided; Do humbly shew, That we find that the
Smell that cometh of the making of the said Allome (which we suppose to be
and such other infectious Materials, being long kept, and then boiled for the
aforesaid) doth breed and make such an infectious and most noisome Smell amongst
us, that we are not able to live in our Houses, nor to keep our Families at work
us, the detestable Stink thereof is so infectious and intolerable now this
(much more will it be in the Heat of Summer:) So that if speedy Redress thereof
had, we shall not be able to continue our Habitations there, wherein we have
lived. And it is generally thought it will be a decay and dangerous Infection
Inhabitants both on this side and the other side the Water, within two Miles
the Place it
standeth; for the Stink thereof (as the Wind standeth) is further smelled, both
and Water: and daily Complaint made thereof. And now there is begun but two or
Furnaces, but shortly there will be many more Furnaces made there, to the
Damage and Annoyance of his Majesty's Subjects, which we humble refer to your
Worships grave Consideration, humbly desiring your speedy Aid and Reformation
herein, otherwise we shall be compelled to leave our Houses and Dwellings to our
undoings: for the noysome Smell is so dangerous, that no Man will dwell
if he might have his House Rent free: And we as bound shall daily pray for your
William Winson Hooft.
To the Kings most excellent Majesty.
The humble Petition of your Majesty's Liege People and Subjects, being in number
many Thousands, inhabiting within one Mile compass of your Majesty's Tower of
London, within Middlesex and Surrey, and the Borough of Southwark.
The Inhabitants Petition to the King.
Most humbly sheweth,
THat whereas of late divers Rooms have been newly
erected in the Parish of St. Mary Matfellon, commonly called Whitechapel, in the
County of Middlesex, by William Turner, Gentleman, George Low, Gentleman, and
Thomas Jones, Gentleman, and others, near unto many great Brewhouses, which
breweth Beer for the Use and Service of your Majesty's Navy, and for divers
London and Middlesex: which said Rooms have been ever since their first erection
imployed for boyling of Urine, for making of Allome, which hath and doth daily
so noysome a Savour and evil Air to all the Parts thereabouts, and to all
Way, or by the River of Thames, that they are in no Sort able to endure the
their dwelling Houses by Reason thereof, and the same