Suburbs without the Walls. Radcliff. 43

Suburbs without the Walls. Radcliff.

by Sufferance of the said Allome Works, it was ordered that the said Allome Works should be presently suppressed, and removed; which being not as yet done, altho' the Farmers of the said Works have sought out other Places, whither to remove the said Works: Now the Boord upon the Petition of the Company of Dyers, being informed, that in these Times of Wars, and Danger, the Dyers and other Artificers using Allome cannot be furnished with that Commodity, from any other Persons, or Places, but only from the Farmers aforesaid, and their Magazines: And that the said Arificers, for want thereof shall be forced to give over their Trades to the great Damage of the Commonweale: And the said Farmers informing, that by Reason of some Shipwracks, and the Danger of Passages from out of the North hither, they have failed, nor cannot bring their Allomes hither to London, as they were wont: In Consideration of all which; and for that their Lordships do conceive, that the said Works will be less offensive to the Inhabitants dwelling in those Parts in this Winter Season, the Boord hath thought fit and ordered, that the said Farmers, their Deputies, and Assigns, shall be permitted, until our Lady Day next, according to the Permission given by the former Order of the 25th of July, to convert the Materials now upon their Hands into Allome, at their House in St. Katharines, erected for that Purpose, and to sell the same, for the Use of his Majesty's Subjects: And presently upon our Lady Day next to remove the said Works to some other Place more remote from the City of London, and the Suburbs thereof. And it is ordered, that in the mean while the said Farmers, their Deputies and Assigns, or some of them, shall seek, and find out some convenient Place for their said Works, and signifie unto the Boord of what Place they have made Choice: to the End they may have their Lordships Allowance and Approbation, for their Settlement in the same. Whereof all Persons whom it may concern, are to take Knowledge, and accordingly to govern themselves, as they and every of them will answer the contrary at their Perils. Provided always, and it is hereby willed and commanded, that all things else required and set down to be done by the said Farmers, in either of the said Orders, before mentioned, concerning the Excrement of the Allome, and otherwise whatsoever, be duly observed and performed by the said Farmers of the said Allome Works.

The Diers need of these Allome Works.

Now to proceed on the East side, and by North of the Tower, lieth East Smithfield, Hogs street, and Tower Hill; and East from them both, was the new Abbey called of Grace, founded by Edward the Third. From thence towards Radcliff, up East Smithfield, by Nightingal Lane, (which runneth South by the Hermitage, a Brewhouse, so called of an Hermite sometime being there: beyond this Lane to the Mannor of Bramley (called in the Record of Richard the Second, Villa East Smithfield, and Villa de Bramley) and to the Manour of Shadwel, belonging to the Dean of Pauls, there hath been raised, in Place of Elm Trees many small Tenements towards Radcliff: And Radcliff it self hath been so encreased in Building Eastward (in Place where I have known a large Highway, with long Rows of Elm and other Trees on both sides) that the same have now taken hold Lime Hurst, or Lime Host, it self, (corruptly called Lime House) sometime distant a Mile from Radcliff.

East Smithfield.

Nightingal Lane.

Hermitage.

Villa de Bramley.

Shadwel.

Radcliff.

Lime Hurst.

Here in Radcliff was (near an Hundred Years ago) a leaden Coffin digged up and two or three Urns found with a Piece of Money, inscribed thus on one side: Imp. PUPIENUS MAXIMUS P.F. August. And on the other side, Hands joined and this Motto, PATRES SENATUS.

An antient burying Place in Radcliff.

J. S.

Camdeni Annal. Apparet. p 20.

Sir Robert Cotton, the Learned Antiquarian discovered in Radcliff Field the Monument of a Proprætor's Wife: which Bishop Stillingfleet takes No- tice of from Wevers Monuments. Which Relation of that industrious Man deserveth here to be transcribed at length: "Within the Parish of Stepney in Middlesex, in Radcliff Field, where they take Ballast for Ships, about some fourteen or fifteen Years ago [that is Anno 1614 or 1615] were found two Monuments, the one of Stone, wherein were the Bones of a Man, the other a Chest of Lead, the upper Part being garnished with Scallop Shells, and a crotister Border. At the Head of the Coffin, and the Foot, there were two Jars of a three Foot Length, standing, and on the Sides a Number of Bottles of glistering red Earth, some painted; and many great Viols of Glass, some six, some eight Square, having a whitish Liquor within them, within the Chest was the Body of a Woman, as the Chirurgeons judged by the Skull. On the either side of her were two Scepters of Ivory, eighteen Inches long; and on her Breast a little Figure of Cupid, neatly cut in white Stone. And amongst the Bones two printed Pieces of Jett with round Heads, in form of Nayles three Inches long. "

A Roman Lady buried here.

Antiq. London. Wevers Mon. p. 30.

" It seemeth (saith Sir Robert Cotton, from whom I had this Relation) these Bodies were burnt about the Year of our Lord 239. being there were found divers Coins of Pupienus, Gordian, and the Emperors of that Time. And that one may conjecture by her Ornaments, that this last Body should be some Princess or Proprætor's Wife here in Britain, in the Time of the Roman Government."

And hence the foresdaid learned Bishop concludeth, that London so near adjoining to this Burying Place, was the Metropolis of Britain in the Times that the Romans had to do here: Inasmuch as it may be presumed from the Burial of this Lady, that the Legate of the Emperor or Proprætor, had his chief Residence here; and the great Business of the Province, as to civil Matters, was brought hither to him. Here was his Prætorium: Which at first signified the Generals Tent; but as the Name came from the Camp to the City, so the Prætorium was the Mansion House of the Governor.

London the Metropolis in the Times of the Romans.

Concerning East Smithfield, mention is made in Records of Lands and Mills there, within the Parish of Whitechappel. In the 21 Edw. the Third a Fine was levied between Humfrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford and Essex, Querent, and Sir John de Bulteneye Chevalier, Defendent, of Lands and certain Mills in East Smithfield in the Parish of Whitechapel in the Suburbs of London.]

East Smithfield. Pet. Le Neve, Norroy.

Fines of divers Counties.

Having said thus much for building, at Wappin, East Smithfield, Bramley, and Shadwel, all on the South side of the High Way to Radcliff; now one Note on the North side also, concerning Pyrates: I read, that in the Year 1440. in the Lent Season, certain Persons, with six Ships brought from beyond the Seas Fish, to victual the City of London; which Fish when they had delivered, and were returning homeward, a Number of Sea Theives in a Barge, in the Night came upon them, when they were asleep in their Vessels, riding at Anchor on the River Thames, and slew them, cut their Throats, cast them over Boord, took their Money, and drowned their Ships, for that no Man should espy or accuse them. Two of these Theives were after taken and hanged in Chains upon a Gallows set upon a raised Hill, for the Purpose made, in the Field beyond East Smithfield, so that they might be seen far into the River Thames.

Pyrates hanged in a Field beyond East-Smithfield.

The first Building at Ratcliff, in my Youth (not to be forgotten) was a fair Free School, and Alms Houses, founded by Avice Gibson, Wife to Nicholas Gibson, Grocer, as before I have noted. But of late Years, Ship Wrights, and (for the most

Racliff.

Free School and Alms Houses at Radcliff.

Part)