|Suburbs without the Walls. St. Mary Whitechapel. ||44
Part) other Marine Men, have builded many large and strong Houses for
and smaller for Saylors, from thence almost to Poplar, and so toBlackwall.
At Poplar, that lyeth within the Parish of Stepney, is a Chapel and an Alms
poor Seamen; both belonging to the old East India Company. Here is the Isle of
a fine rich Level for fatning of Cattle. Eight Oxen fed here of late were sold
for 34l. a
Piece: and a Hog fed here was sold for 20l. and 6d. Here is also a well known
Dock called Blackwall Dock, belonging to Sir Henry Johnson Kt. very convenient
building and receiving of Ships. About twenty Years ago, more or less, in
an old Ship that was returned from the East India, they found a solid Piece of
Oak in the
Keel, pierced eight Inches deep with a kind of Horn, that stuck fast in it. The
the Vessel did remember that when they were on the main Sea the Ship received a
sudden Shock, which made it stop for the present, tho' it were in full Sail. At
thought they had struck on a Rock, but considering where they were, they
that could not be: and they found no harm tho' they went down and searched the
Bottom of the Ship; but they observed the Sea bloody. But now the Cause
that it was some Sea Fish that struck the Ship and broke his Horn in the side of
In the Year 1705. were two Whales of different Sorts brought and cut up at
One of them was the Parma Ceti Whale, which had a great deal of Blubber, a
Stuff so called, coming out of the Brain, falling from him: which by the
Dr. Meade was cured, and made excellent Parma Ceti, to the great Benefit of the
Apothecary, into whose Hand this Blubber came. The other was that kind of
whence the Whalebone is made.]
Two Whales at Blackwal.
Now for Tower Hill; the Plain there is likewise greatly diminished by
for building of small Tenements; and taking in of Garden Plots, Timber Yards, or
Tower Hill without the Walls.
From this Tower Hill towards Aldgate (being a long continued Street) amongst
Buildings was the Abbey of Nuns, called the Minorites or Minories, whereof I
spoken. And on the other side of the Street lyeth the Ditch without the Wall of
from the Tower unto Aldgate, now all built upon.
From Aldgate East again, lieth a large Street, replenished with Buildings, to
wit, on the
North side the Parish Church of Saint Buttolph, and so other Buildings to Hog
and to the Barrs on both sides.
Suburb without Aldgate.
Also, without the Bars, both the sides of the Street be pestered with Cottages
Allies, even up to Whitechapel Church; and almost half a Mile beyond it, into
Common Field; all which ought to lie open and free for all Men. But this common
Field (I say) being sometime the Beauty of this City on that Part, is so
by building of filthy Cottages, and with other purpresters,
Inclosures, and Lay Stalls, that (notwithstanding all Proclamations and Acts of
Parliament made to the contrary) in some Places it scarce remaineth a sufficient
Highway for the meeting of Carriages and Droves of Cattel: much less is there
pleasant, or wholesome Way, for People to walk on Foot: which is no small
so famous a City, to have so unsavory and unseemly an Entry or Passage
Without the Bars.
A common Field formerly.
In the Time of Queen Elizabeth, some Part of the Way and Street hereabouts
Aldgate; particularly from the two Posts called the Bars, to a Corner House,
then in the
one Thomas Sparrow, was very miry and deep. And beside this Place in the High
Street, there were other Places extraordinary bad to pass, lying more towards
South, where the Queens Carriages used to pass from the Minories, Mary Graces
is, where now are the Queens Victualling Houses for the Navy] and Radcliff,
that Queen had Storehouses; and so to the Tower: Namely, a Way leading from the
Cage so called, in the Parish of St. Botolph, to the North end of Nightingal
Lane in the
Parish of St. Mary Matfelon: and another Way between the said Old Cage, and a
called Crasse Mill in the said Parish of St. Mary. And as these bad Ways were
inconvenient to the Queen Carriages, so for the Carriages of all others. The
Passages here, Course and Recourse of the Queens Subjects both on Horseback and
Foot, became so miry and foul, in Winter time especially, that it was very
to all that had Occasion to use these Ways. Whereupon, an Act of Parliament was
in the 13th of the said Queen, that from Michaelmas 1572.
all these Places
should be paved with Stone: Every Man to do his Part, along by their Manours,
and Tenements, adjoining to the said Ways.
An Act of Parliament for paving without Aldgate.
And the same Act made Provision for securing the overflowing of the Towerditch
great Quantities of Water that fell often upon the Ways between the said two
Aldgate, called the Bars, and the Corner House occupied by Sparrow aforesaid
seems to be there where the Lane is, now called Bricklane] whereby the
might in short Time be filled up: It was ordered therefore, that the said Waters
sides the said High Way, should have their Fall and Course only down by the said
Corner House: And from thence into a Ditch lying on the North side of Hog Lane;
so to the Common Sewer at the East End of the said Hoglane.]
A Fall of Waters without the Bars.
Now Peticoat Lane.
The Parish Church of St. MARY WHITECHAPLE.
Now of Whitechapel Church somewhat, and then back again to Aldgate.
This Church is as it were a Chapel of Ease to the Parish of Stebinhith, and the
of Stebinhith hath the Gift thereof: which being first dedicated to the Name of
the Blessed Virgin, is now called Saint Mary Matfelon, upon this Occasion
About the Year 1428. in the sixth of King Henry the Sixth, a devout Widow of
Parish had long time cherished and brought up, of Alms, a certain Frenchman, or
Briton born: which most unkindly and cruelly in a Night murdered the said Widow
sleeping in her Bed, and after fled with such Jewels and other Stuff of hers, as
carry. But he was so freshly pursued, that (for fear) he took the Church of St.
in Southwark, and challenged Priviledge of Sanctuary there, and so abjured the
Land. Then the Constables (having Charge of him) brought him into London,
intending to have conveyed him Eastward: but so soon as he was come into the
where before he had committed the Murder; the Wives cast upon him so much Filth
Ordure of the Street, that (notwithstanding the best Resistance made by the
they slew him out of Hand: And for this Fact it hath been said, that Parish to
purchased that Name of Mary Matfelon, but I find in Record, the same to be
Villa beata Mariæ de Matfelon, in the 21. of Richard the Second.
St. Mary Matfelon.
A devout Widow murdered.
More, we read, that in the Year 1336. the 10 of Edward the Third, the Bishop of
Cardinal, and Parson of Stebinhith, Procurator General in England presented a
be Parson in the
The Bishop of Alba Cardinal, Parson of Stepney Presents to Whitechapel.