|Suburbs without the Walls. Morefields. ||54
The other next it of far large Extent and Capacity, and well endowed: A great
Money being left for that Purpose to the Company of Ironmongers of London, by
Robert Jefferies, Kt. and Alderman. It hath two Wings, and Rooms below and
very fair and beautifully built. It may contain between forty and fifty
may be either Men or Women: And have each six Pound per Ann. allowed them; and
Gowns every two Years. There is a Chapel in the middle of the Building,
Highway; and a Chaplain, who hath a Salary and Chamber allotted him: He is to
Prayers twice a Day, and to preach a Sermon every Sunday. The Building is not
quite finished; nor the Court Yard levelled.]
The other by Sir Robert Jefferies, Knight.
I will now turn back from Shoresditch Cross to Bethlem Cross: and so pass
Hospital of St. Mary Bethlem into the Morefield: which lieth without the
Suburb without the Postern of Moorgate.
This Field (of old time) was called, The Moore, as appeareth by the Charter of
the Conqueror to the College of St. Martin, declaring a running Water to pass
City from the same More. Also Fitz Stephen writeth of this More, saying thus;
the great Fenne, or More, which watereth the Walls on the North side, is frozen,
This Morefield was in ancient Writings called Magna Mora, because of the great
of this More or Mere: To which also belonged a Fishery for the use of the City;
from ancient Times in the possession of the City. But in the 3 Edw. I. Walter
Merton, Lord Chancellor, seized on them both. Which upon an Inquisition
that Year, the Jury of Alderman Pet. Aungiers Ward presented, and complained of;
Informing, That the City had been in full and peaceable Possession ever, unto
of Walter Hervey, late Maior of London, [viz. 1 Edw. I.] of one More or Mere,
one common Fishery in Criplesgate Ward, belonging to the Commonalty of the said
City. Now the City was without the seisin of the said More and Fishery, by
Walter de Merton, to the disherison of our Lord the King, and the damage of the
City. And they know not by what Warrant.]
Morefields called Magna Mora; and the Fishery there.
Quo Warr. Bag of London in the Tally Court.
Pet. Le Neve, Esquire.
The Fenne, or Morefield, stretching from the Wall of the City, betwixt
the Postern called Cripplesgate, to Fensbury, and to Holywell, continued a waste
unprofitable Ground a long time; so that the same was all letten for four Marks
Year, in the Reign of Edward the Second. But in the Year 1415, the third of
Fifth, Thomas Fawconer, Maior, (as I have shewed) caused the Wall of the City to
broken toward the said More, and builded the Postern called Moregate, for ease
Citizens to walk that way upon Causeways into the Fields, towards Iseldon and
Hoxton. Moreover, he caused the Ditch of the City, and other the Ditches
from Sores ditch to Deep ditch, by Bethelem, into the More ditch, to be new cast
cleansed. By means whereof the said Fenne or More was greatly dreined and
But shortly after, to wit, in 1477, Ralph Joceline, Maior, for repairing of the
the City, caused the said More to be searched for Clay, and Brick to be burnt
by which means this Field was made worse for a long time.
Finsbury Fields and Morefields an unprofitable Ground.
In the Year 1498, all the Gardens which had continued time out of mind, without
Moregate, to wit, about and beyond the Lordship of Fensbury, were destroyed: and
them was made a plain Field for Archers to shoot in. And in the Year 1512,
Atchley, Maior, caused divers Dikes to be cast and made, to drein the Waters of
Morefields, with Bridges arched over them, and
the Grounds about to be levelled. Whereby the said Field was made somewhat more
commodious, but yet it stood full of noisome Waters. Whereupon, in the Year
Sir Thomas Seymour, Maior, caused divers Sluces to be made to convey the said
Waters over the Town Ditch, into the course of Walbrook, and so into the Thames.
And by these degrees was this Fenne or More, at length, made main and hard
which before being overgrown with Flags, Sedges, and Rushes, served to no use.
Since the which time also, the farther Grounds beyond Fensbury Court, have been
overheightned with Laystals of Dung, that now three Windmils are thereon set.
Ditches be filled up, and the Bridges overwhelmed.
Gardens without Moorgate, destroyed and made plain Ground.
Ditches cast to drein the Morefield.
Sluce to convey the standing Water out of the Moor.
Moorfields raised and Wind Mills set thereon.
Morefields, to the Time of Sir Leonard Halliday, Maior, Anno 1606. was but a
noisome Place, like a Laystal, half environed with stinking Ditches, offensive
City and Passengers. But not it was converted into every pleasant Walks,
Planted on all sides with Rows of Trees, and divided into Quarters, and railed
keep the Grass from being trodden down, fenced on the Outsides with Brickwalls
coped with Stone. Also divers Vaults were made under Ground, partly to convey
foul Water, and partly to bring in fresh into the Town ditch, to keep it sweet.
forwarding of this good Work, Sir Leonard Halliday must have his Name recorded
Moorfields come to its Perfection in Sir Leon. Hallidays Maioralty.
Hereabouts is the New Artillery Ground walled in, for the Exercise of the
Militia of the
City, after the Old Artillery without Bishopsgate street went out of Request.
Here adjoining on the West is a Place called Bunhil fields. Where, some time
a large Piece of Ground enclosed for a Burying-place; for the convenience of
died of the Plague in the Year 1665. The Inscription at the entrance on the
West side, is
This Churchyard was enclosed with a Brickwall, at the sole Charges of the City
London, in the Maioralty of Sir John Laurence, Kt. Anno Dom. 1665. And
the Gates thereof were built and finished in the Maioralty of Sir Tho.
Knight, Anno Dom. 1666.
Since thence this Place hath been chosen by the Dissenters from the Church of
the interring their Friends and Relations, without having the Office of Burial
by the Book of Common Prayer, said at their Graves. There be a great Number of
raised Monuments here with Vaults underneath; and Grave Stones with Inscriptions
a few. The Price of Burial in the Vaults, I am told is 15s. This
East and West.
A burying Place for Dissenters.
On the North side these Persons are buried under Tombs, or sepulchral Stones.
Buried on the North side.
Anne Perry, Wife of Peter Perry, Citizen and Salter. Who bare unto him one Son
two Daughters at one Birth. She dyed the ninth of April. And the Children
Elizabeth, Mary, and Peter, all dyed the same Month. Peter the Eldest, lived
and dyed April 19th 1678.
East of Perries Monument is a Head Stone with this Inscription.
Here lyes the Body of Richard Burn, Gent. who departed 26th
of July, 1686.
When Death doth call me to my Bosom Friend,
Then all my grieving it will have an End.
And all my Sorrows will be vanquisht quite,
When I am sleeping with my Hearts Delight.