|Suburbs. S. Giles Criplesgate Church. ||60
some of them like Midsummer Pageants, with Towers, Turrets, and Chimney Tops,
not so much for Use or Profit, as for Shew and Pleasure; bewraying the Vanity of
many Mens Minds, much unlike to the Disposition of the ancient Citizens, who
delighted in the Building of Hospitals, and Alms Houses for the Poor; and
imployed their Wits and spent their Wealths in Preferment of the common
of this our City.
Finsbury adjoining to Morefields, I find mentioned in an old Record granted 20
2. to Robert de Wylingham, under the Name of The Gardens of Vynesbury, Prebend
the Parish of St. Giles Cripplegate. Whence we may gather that this Place had
once a large Garden for Vines, or a Vineyard.]
But to come back again to Moregate, and from thence West through a narrow Lane,
called the Postern, because it hath at either End a Door to be shut in the Night
betwixt the Moreditch inclosed with Brick for Tenter Yards, and the Gardens of
Morefield, to More Lane: A Part of the Suburb without Cripplesgate, and without
Postern called Cripplesgate, also lay a Part of the said More, even to the River
as in an another Place I have shewed; and no Houses were there builded, till the
end of the Reign of William the Conqueror, and in the Reign of his Son William
about which Times, some few Houses were there builded along East and West,
before the said Gate. One Alfune builded for the Inhabitants a Parish Church
of St. Giles, somewhat West from the said Gate, on the Bank of the Town Ditch.
so was there a Street since called Forestreet, as standing before the Gate.
Suburb without Criplesgate.
Parish Church of St. Giles.
This Alfune in the Reign of Henry the First, became the first Hospiteler of St.
Bartholomews Hospital in Smithfield, as in another Place I have noted. And this
Church of St. Giles, being at the first a small thing, stood in Place where now
the Vicarage House, but hath been since (at divers times) much enlarged,
the Parish hath increased, and was at the length newly builded in a Place where
standeth. But the same new Church being large, strongly builded, and richly
with Ornaments, was in the Year 1545. by Casualty of Fire sore burnt and
notwithstanding it was a-
gain (within a short Space of Time) repaired as now it sheweth.
Some little Distance from the East end of this Church, standeth a fair Conduit
in Forestreet. Then had ye a Boss of sweet Water in the Wall of the Churchyard,
made a Pump, but already decayed.
Then had ye a fair Pool of sweet Water near to the Church of St. Giles, wherein
of Lodbury was drowned as I have before declared.
In the East End of Forestreet is More Lane: then next is Grub street, of late
inhabited (for the most Part) by Bowyers, Fletchers, Bow string Makers and such
Occupations; now little occupied; Archery giving place to a Number of Bowling
and Dicing Houses, which in all Places are increased, and too much frequented.
Grub street inhabited by Bowyers.
In this Street lived the famous laborious John Fox, while he compiled and
great Volumes of the Act and Monuments of the Church, and the Martyrdoms of
that were burned to death under Queen Mary for Religion.]
This Street stretcheth North to Everades Well Street, which thwarteth it to
Street: The next from Fore Street, North is Whitecross Street, likewise
extending it self
up to the West End of Everades Well Street, and from the End thereof to
Everades Well street.
White Cross street.
From the West End of Fore Street lyeth Redcross Street. From the which Cross,
right Hand East lyeth Beech Lane, and reacheth to the Whitecross street. From
Cross North lyeth Golding Lane, which stretcheth up to a Cross in Ealdstreet.
Golding Lane (on both sides) is replenished with many Tenements of poor People.
Red Cross street.
All these Pleaces lie in the Manour of Finsbury, commonly called Finsbury
Which stretch along these North Parts of Cripplesgate through Morefields, and
some Parts of Shoreditch Parish. The Survey whereof being somewhat too large to
inserted here, is thought better to be laid in a Chapter by it self. And so it
next after the Description of the Manours of Stepney and Hackney.]
A MAP OF St GILESs CRIPPLEGATE
On the left Hand, and West of the Redcross lieth a Street, of old time called
Hounsditch, and of later time named Barbican, of such Cause as I have before
And thus have you all the Suburb without Cripplegate, being almost altogether in
Parish of St. Giles, which hath more than 1800 Housholders, and above 4000