Suburbs. S. Giles Criplesgate Church. 60

Suburbs. S. Giles Criplesgate Church.

some of them like Midsummer Pageants, with Towers, Turrets, and Chimney Tops, not so much for Use or Profit, as for Shew and Pleasure; bewraying the Vanity of many Mens Minds, much unlike to the Disposition of the ancient Citizens, who delighted in the Building of Hospitals, and Alms Houses for the Poor; and therein both imployed their Wits and spent their Wealths in Preferment of the common Commodity of this our City.

Finsbury adjoining to Morefields, I find mentioned in an old Record granted 20 Rich. 2. to Robert de Wylingham, under the Name of The Gardens of Vynesbury, Prebend in the Parish of St. Giles Cripplegate. Whence we may gather that this Place had been once a large Garden for Vines, or a Vineyard.]

Finsbery fields

Rec Turr.

J. S.

But to come back again to Moregate, and from thence West through a narrow Lane, called the Postern, because it hath at either End a Door to be shut in the Night Season, betwixt the Moreditch inclosed with Brick for Tenter Yards, and the Gardens of the said Morefield, to More Lane: A Part of the Suburb without Cripplesgate, and without this Postern called Cripplesgate, also lay a Part of the said More, even to the River of Wells, as in an another Place I have shewed; and no Houses were there builded, till the latter end of the Reign of William the Conqueror, and in the Reign of his Son William Rufus; about which Times, some few Houses were there builded along East and West, thwart before the said Gate. One Alfune builded for the Inhabitants a Parish Church which is of St. Giles, somewhat West from the said Gate, on the Bank of the Town Ditch. And so was there a Street since called Forestreet, as standing before the Gate.

Suburb without Criplesgate.

Parish Church of St. Giles.

This Alfune in the Reign of Henry the First, became the first Hospiteler of St. Bartholomews Hospital in Smithfield, as in another Place I have noted. And this Parish Church of St. Giles, being at the first a small thing, stood in Place where now standeth the Vicarage House, but hath been since (at divers times) much enlarged, according as the Parish hath increased, and was at the length newly builded in a Place where now it standeth. But the same new Church being large, strongly builded, and richly furnished with Ornaments, was in the Year 1545. by Casualty of Fire sore burnt and consumed: notwithstanding it was a- gain (within a short Space of Time) repaired as now it sheweth.

Some little Distance from the East end of this Church, standeth a fair Conduit castellated in Forestreet. Then had ye a Boss of sweet Water in the Wall of the Churchyard, lately made a Pump, but already decayed.

Conduit.

Then had ye a fair Pool of sweet Water near to the Church of St. Giles, wherein Anne of Lodbury was drowned as I have before declared.

A Pool.

In the East End of Forestreet is More Lane: then next is Grub street, of late Years inhabited (for the most Part) by Bowyers, Fletchers, Bow string Makers and such like Occupations; now little occupied; Archery giving place to a Number of Bowling Allies, and Dicing Houses, which in all Places are increased, and too much frequented.

Grub street inhabited by Bowyers.

In this Street lived the famous laborious John Fox, while he compiled and printed those great Volumes of the Act and Monuments of the Church, and the Martyrdoms of those that were burned to death under Queen Mary for Religion.]

John Fox.

J. S.

This Street stretcheth North to Everades Well Street, which thwarteth it to Whitecross Street: The next from Fore Street, North is Whitecross Street, likewise extending it self up to the West End of Everades Well Street, and from the End thereof to Ealdstreet.

Everades Well street.

White Cross street.

From the West End of Fore Street lyeth Redcross Street. From the which Cross, on the right Hand East lyeth Beech Lane, and reacheth to the Whitecross street. From that Cross North lyeth Golding Lane, which stretcheth up to a Cross in Ealdstreet. Which Golding Lane (on both sides) is replenished with many Tenements of poor People.

Red Cross street.

Beech lane.

Golding lane.

All these Pleaces lie in the Manour of Finsbury, commonly called Finsbury Fields. Which stretch along these North Parts of Cripplesgate through Morefields, and reach to some Parts of Shoreditch Parish. The Survey whereof being somewhat too large to be inserted here, is thought better to be laid in a Chapter by it self. And so it is following next after the Description of the Manours of Stepney and Hackney.]

Finsbery Manour.

J. S.

On the left Hand, and West of the Redcross lieth a Street, of old time called Hounsditch, and of later time named Barbican, of such Cause as I have before noted. And thus have you all the Suburb without Cripplegate, being almost altogether in the Parish of St. Giles, which hath more than 1800 Housholders, and above 4000 Communicants.

Barbican.

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A MAP OF S   A MAP OF St GILESs CRIPPLEGATE WITHOUT ]
CHAP.