Suburb without Aldersgate,
Suburb without Newgate.
The Priory of St. Johns of Jerusalem.
St. James Clerkenwel.
The old Well of Clerkenwel.
Holbourn. Grays-Inn. The old Temple. House of Converts.
The Rolls Liberty.
The Blackfryers in Holbourn.
Lincolns Inn: The Chapel there.
St. Giles: And the Hospital of St. Giles.
Suburb without Ludgate.
NOW bending toward the North-west we have these
Suburbs. Without Aldersgate, on the left hand, is the Parish Church of St. Buttolph;
on the North side of the which Church lieth a way called Little Britain street, towards
the Priory of St. Bartholomew in Smithfield; but the Highway without Aldersgate,
runneth straight North from the said Gate unto Hounsditch, or Barbican street on the
right hand, and Long lane or the left hand, which runneth into Smithfield.
Suburb without Aldersgate.
Then from the farther End of Aldersgate street, straight North to the Bar, is called
Goswel street, replenished with small Tenements, Cottages, and Allies, Gardens,
banqueting Houses and bowling Places.
Beyond these Bars, leaving the Charter House on the left Hand, or the West side of the
Way, stretcheth up towards Iseldon commonly called Islington, a Country Town hard
by. Which in the former Age was esteemed to be so pleasantly seated, that in the Year
1581. Queen Elizabeth in one of the twelve Days, on an Evening, rode out that Way, to
take the Air. Where near the Town, She was invironed with a Number of begging
Rogues, (as Beggars usually haunt such Places) which gave the Queen much
Disturbance. Whereupon Mr. Stone, one of her Footmen came in all hast to the Lord
Maior, and afterwards to Fleetwood the Recorder, and told them the same. The same
Night did the Recorder send out Warrants into the same Quarters, and into Westminster
and the Dutchy. And in the Morning he went abroad himself; and took that Day seventy
four Rogues. Whereof some were blind, and yet great Usurers, and very rich. They
were sent to Bridewel, and punished.]
The Queen takes the Air at Islington.
On the right Hand or East side (at a red Cross) turneth into Eald Street, so called, for
that it was the old Highway from Aldersgate street, for the North-east Parts of England,
before Bishopsgate was builded. Which Street runneth East to a Smith's Forge,
sometime a Cross before Shoreditch Church, from whence the Passengers and
Carriages were to turn North to Kings-land, Totenham, Waltham, Ware, &c.
Eald street, or Old street.
There was sometime in this Suburb without Aldersgate, an Hospital for the Poor; but an
Alien of Cluny, a French Order, and therefore suppressed by King Henry the Fifth,
who gave the House with Lands and Goods, to the Parish of St. Buttolph. And a
Brotherhood of the Trinity was there founded. Which was afterwards suppressed by
Henry the Eighth or Edward the Sixth.
Hospital without Aldersgate.
There is (at the farthest North Corner of this Suburb) a Windmil, which was sometime
by a Tempest of Wind overthrown, and in a Place thereof a Chapel was builded by
Queen Katharine (first Wife to Henry the Eighth) who named it the Mount of Calvary,
because it was of Christ's Passion and was in the End of Henry the Eighth pulled
down, and a Windmil newly set up as afore.
A Windmil on the North Corner of this
The Mount of Calvary; a Chapel.
Without Newgate lieth the West and by North Suburb on the right Hand or North side
whereof (betwixt the said Gate, and the Parish of St. Se-
pulchre) turneth away towards West Smithfield, called, Giltspur strett, or Knightriders
street; then is Smithfield it self, compassed about with Buildings, as I have before
declared in Faringdon Ward without.
Suburb without Newgate.
And without the Bar of West Smithfield lieth a large Street or Way, called of the House
of St. John there, St. Johns street, and stretcheth toward Iseldon.
St. Johns street.
Here, in the middle of the Street. standeth Hicks Hall, where the Justices of Peace for
Middlesex have their County Courts and other Meetings. It was built in the seventh
Year of King James the First, by Sir Baptist Hicks, Knight, a Citizen of London:
Whereas before the Justices used to meet at a Common Inn, called The Castle Inn near
Smithfield Bars, very inconveniently, being annoyed with Carriers and many other
Sorts of People. King James, June the 7. in the aforesaid Year of his Reign, did
infeoff fifteen Knights and Esquires of the County of Middlesex of this Piece of
Ground, to be for ever used and employed for a Sessions House; and for the keeping of
a Prison or House of Correction for the same County. Upon which Piece of Ground
and according to the Intent of the King's Letters Patents, Sir Baptist Hicks Knight, one
of the Justices of that County, builded a Sessions House of Brick and Stone at his own
proper Charges, with all Offices thereunto belonging. And upon Wednesday the
17th Jan. 1622. the House being then newly finished, there assembled six and
twenty Justices of the said County, being the first Day of their Meeting there; where the
Founder feasted them all: And then, after they had considered what Name this Structure
should bear, they all with one Consent gave it the Name of Hicks's Hall, in grateful
Memory of the Builder: And he freely gave the House to them, and their Successors for
ever. He was a Mercer in Cheapside, and youngest Brother to Sir Michael Hicks,
Secretary to the Lord Treasurer Burghley.]
E. Howes Chron.
On the right Hand whereof stood the late dissolved Monastery, called the Charter
House, founded by Sir Walter Manny, Knight, a Stranger born, Lord of the Town of
Manny in the Diocese of Cambrey, beyond the Seas, who for Service done to King
Edward the Third, was made Knight of the Garter.
This House he founded upon this Occasion: A great Pestilence entring this Iland, began
first in Dorsetshire, then proceeded into Devonshire, Somersetshire, Glocestershire,
and Oxfordshire, and at length came to London, and overspread all England; so wasting
the People, that scarce the tenth Person of all Sorts was left alive; and Churchyards
were not sufficient to receive the Dead, but Men were forced to chuse out certain Fields
for Burials: Whereupon Ralph Stratford, Bishop of London, in the Year 1348. bought a
Piece of Ground, called No Mans Land, which he inclosed with a Wall of Brick, and
dedicated for Burial of the Dead, builded thereupon a proper Chapple, which is now
enlarged, and made a dwelling House: and this
Charter House, on what Occasion founded.
No Mans Land.
Pardon Church yard by the Charter House.