Suburbs. Charterhouse. St. Johns of Jerusalem. 62

Suburbs. Charterhouse. St. Johns of Jerusalem.

burying Plot is become a fair Garden, retaining the old Name of Pardon Churchyard.

After this in the Year 1349. the said Sir Walter Manny, in Respect of Danger that might befal in this Time of so gteat a Plague and Infection, purchased thirteen Acres and a Rode of Ground, adjoining to the said No Mans Land, and lying in a Place called Spittle Croft, because it belonged to Saint Bartholomew's Hospital, since that called the New Church Haw, and caused it to be consecrated by the said Bishop of London to the use of Burials.

Sir Walter Manny's Purchase.

Spittle Croft.

New Church Haw.

In the Plot of Ground there was (in that Year) more than 50000 Persons buried, as I have read in the Charters of Edward the Third.

50000 Persons buried here in one Year.

Also I have seen and read an Inscription fixed on a Stone Cross, sometime standing in the same Churchyard and having these Words:

Anno Domini, 1349. Regnante magna Pesilentia, consecratum fuit hoc CĹ“miterium, in quo & infra septa præsentis Monasterii, sepulta fuerunt mortuorum corpora, plusquam quinquaginta millia, præter alia multa abhinc usque ad præsens; quorum animabus propitietur Deus, Amen.

That is in English.

A great Plague raging in the Year of our Lord, 1349. this Churchyard was consecrated; wherein, and within the Bounds of the present Monastery, were buried more than 50000 Bodies of the Dead: besides many other from thence to the present Time: Whose Souls God have Mercy upon. Amen.

In Consideration of the Number of Christian People here buried, the said Sir Walter Manny caused first a Chapel to be builded, where (for the Space of twenty three Years) Offerings were made. And it is to be noted, that above 100000 Bodies of Christian People had in that Churchyard been buried. For the said Knight had purchased that Place for the burial of poor People, Travailers, and other that were diseased, to remain for Ever; whereupon, an Order was taken, for the avoiding of Contention between the Parsons of Churches and that House, to wit, that the Bodies should be had unto the Church where they were Parishioners, or dyed, and after the funeral Service done, had to the Place where they should be buried.

Offerings made for the Dead (being 100000) 23 Years.

Bull of Pope Clement.

Charter House Churchyard prepared for the poor Sorts, so to remain for ever.

And the Year 1371. he caused there to be founded an House of Carthusian Monks, which he willed to be called the Salutation, and that one of the Monks should be called Prior, and he gave them the said Place of thirteen Acres and a Rode of Land, with the Chapel, and Houses there builded for their Habitation. But the three Acres of Land, lying without the Walls on the North Part, betwixt the Lands of the Abbot of Westminster, and the Lands of the Prior of St. John; (which three Acres were purchased, inclosed, and dedicated by Ralph Stratford, Bishop of London, as is afore shewed) remained till our Time, by the Name of Pardon Churchyard, and served for burying of such as desperately ended their Lives, or were executed for Felonies. Who were fetched thither usually in a close Cart, vailed over and covered with black, having a plain white Cross thwarting, and at the fore End a St. John's Cross without, and within a Bell ringing [by shaking of the Cart,] whereby the same might be heard when it passed, and this was called the Friery Cart, which belonged to St. Johns, and had the Privilege, as Sanctuary.

A House of Carthusian founded on this Burying Place.

For Felons executed, and Selfmurderers

Fryery Cart.

In this Charter House be the Monuments of the said Sir Walter Manny, and Magaret his Wife, Marmaduke Lumley, Lawrence Bromley, Kt. Sir Edward Hederset, Knight, Sir William Manny, Knight, Dame Johan Borough, John Dore, Want Water, Knight, Robert Olney, Esq; Katharine, Daughter to Sir Willi- am Babington, Knight, Blanch, Dauther to Hugh Waterton, Katharine, Wife to John at Poote, Daughter and Heir to Richard Lacie, William Rawlin, Sir John Lenthain, and Dame Margaret, his Wife, Daughter to John Fray, John Peak, Esq; William Baron, and William Baron, Esq; Sir Thomas Thawites, Knight, Philip Morgan, Bishop of Ely; 1434.

Persons buried in the Charter House.

In the Cloystrie.

Monuments of Bartholomew Rede, Knight, Maior of London, buried 1505. Sir John Popham, &c.

This Monastery, at the Suppression in the 29th of Henry the Eighth, was valued at 642l. 4d. half Peny, Yearly.

Here now I find fit Time, to commend to all succeeding Posterity, the deserved Praises of that worthy (and never to be forgotten) Gentleman, Master Thomas Sutton, the right Phænix of Charity in our Times. [Who after he had purchased this old Religious House of the Earl of Suffolk, converted it into an Hospital, splendidly built, and endowed, for the Education of Youth, for the Relief of Aged Men, and for the Maintenance of the Service of God. And remains one of the greatest Instances of late Ages, of a single Mans Liberality, beyond any that hath happened in our Nation. But this being purposely discoursed of and described in the first Book, nothing more needs here to be said.

The worthy Remembrance of Mr. Thomas Sutton, the new Founder of the Charter House.

J. S.

In the Charter House Chapel was buried James Sidgrave, Housekeeper of the said Hospital, April 26. 1707. To which Hospital he gave 50l. and 50l. more to the Poor of Clerkenwel Parish.]

A little without the Bars of West Smithfield is Charterhouse Lane, so called, for that it leadeth to the said Plot of the late dissolved Monastery. In place whereof, first the Lord North, but since, Thomas Howard, late Duke of Norfolk, have made large and sumptuous Buildings, both for Lodging and Pleasure. At the Gate of this Charterhouse is a fair Water-Conduit with two Cocks, serving the use of the Neighbours, to their great Commodity.

Charterhouse Lane.

Conduit by the Charter House.

St. Johns Street, from the entring this Lane, is also, on both sides, replenished with Buildings up to Clerkenwell. On the left hand of which Street lieth a Lane called Cow Cross, of a Cross sometime standing there; which Lane turneth down to another Lane called Turnmill Street, which stretcheth up to the West side of Clerkenwell, and was called Turnmil Street, for such cause as is afore declared.

Cow Cross.

Turnmil street.

One other Lane there is, called St. Peters Lane, which turneth from St. Johns Street to Cow Cross.

St. Peters Lane.


The Priory of St. JOHNS of JERUSALEM.

 

On the left hand also stood the late dissolved Priory of St. John of Jerusalem in England, founded about the Year of Christ 1100, by Jorden Briset, Baron, and Muriel his Wife, near unto Clerks Well, besides West Smithfield. Which Briset having first founded the Priory of Nuns at Clerks Well, bought of them Ten Acres of Land, giving them in exchange Ten Acres of Land in his Lordship of Welling Hall, in the County of Kent. St. Johns Church was dedicated by Heraclius, Patriarch of the Holy Ressurection of Christ at Jerusalem, in the Year 1185; and was the chief Seat in England of the Religious Knights of St. John of Jerusaelm. Whose Profession was (besides their daily Service of God) to defend Christians against Pagans, and to fight for the Church; using for their Habit a black upper Garment, with a white Cross on the fore part

Priory of St. John of Jerusalem.

Their Founders.

there-