The Parish of St. Giles in the
Fields. The Bounds and present State of it.
Chapel in Great Queen Street.
St. Giles's Church. New built.
Monuments of the Dead
A MAPP of the PARISH of St GILES's in the
THE ancient Hospital of St. Giles was taken notice of
before by Stow, but the Parish not at all; because, I suppose, it stood at such
from the City in his time; but now being so exceedingly spread in Buildings,
that it is
become contiguous to the City, and so considerable for the Structures and
it is reckoned into the Suburbs.]
St. Giles Parish.
And the present state of the Parish of St. Giles in the Fields, stands thus:
It is of a very large extent, and as populous, with a mixture of rich
Inhabitants, to wit,
of the Nobility, Gentry, and Commonalty; but withal, filled with abundance of
As to the Bounds or Girt-Line of this Parish, I shall begin on the back side of
Row in Lincolns Inn Fields, towards Clare Market, at the Stone or Parish Mark.
Thence it runs along the Stablings in the said Row, taking in only the Houses;
thence it crosseth into Lincolns Inn New Court, where the Parish Mark is set up
Wall, and so to the Pump that stands by the Garden Pales: and from this Pump it
runneth Northward, in a direct Line, crossing the Garden into Holbourn, by the
called Gridiron Alley, which is about ten Doors from Turnstile. And from thence
runs on the South side as far as New Turnstile Alley, where it crosseth the
Street to the
North side, to the House where the Stone Mark is at the Door, being six Doors
Kings-gate; and thence it crosseth the Buildings into Eagle street, and turning
corner of the said Street, runs Northward by the Wall of the Gardens belonging
street in Bloomsbury; and so streight into the Fields to the Conduit called the
Chimney; and from thence two Fields Northwards beyond Lambs Conduit, where there
is a Stone Landmark set up. And from thence it runs Westward to Tottenham Court
Road, so to the Dog Kennel; and thence to St. Giles's Pound, where it crosseth
Road into Hog Lane, running down the same to the corner of Monmouth Street.
it crosseth and passeth by the New Buildings formerly called Cock and Pye
from thence turns down into Castle Street, to the lower end thereof, taking in
North side of the Street; and from the Red Lyon back Gate it runs cross the
Drury Lane, four Doors from the corner of Brownlow Street. And there it
the East side of Drury Lane, and runs down two Doors beyond the Horshoe Tavern
the corner of Princes Street. And there it crosseth the back side of the Houses
Princes Street into Stanhope Street: where it crosses and takes in the Tallow
and the other jetting-out House. And from thence it runs down Duke street, as
the House, where the Parish Stone Mark is set up, opposite to the Turning into
Weld street. Then crossing the Houses it runs into Bear Yard; thence into
street which it crosseth, and so into a Paved Yard, where there is an Entry or
by the Black Jack; and crossing the Street brings to the Parish Stone Mark, on
Backside of Portugal Row, where I began; and all the Streets, Alleys and Courts
this Girt Line are within this Parish; all which doth further appear in the Mapp
Now for the particular Description of each Place.
I shall begin with Lincolns Inn Fields, and the Outlets, then with those Streets
contiguous to it, as Duke street, Princes street, Weld street, Drury Lane, with
Courts and Alleys therein. Then Great and Little Queen street, with Lutners
the other Places that fall into Drury Lane and Holborn. Then Brownlow street,
street, Castle street, Shorts Gardens, King street, Monmouth street, and the
going out of Hog Lane, as Denmark street, &c. Then again I shall begin at
Pound, and so run down all the South side unto Turnstile, taking in the Courts
Alleys of Note, and the like on the North side; and so conclude with Blomsbury,
Southampton Buildings up to Tottenham Road.
Lincolns Inn Fields, a very curious spacious Place, with an excellent Air, and
garnished with three Rows of very good Houses, very well inhabited, viz.
Row on the South side, the Arched Row on the West side, and Holborn or Newmans
Row on the North side. Of which the two first are very large, and for the
taken up by the Nobility and Gentry. The East side lieth open to Lincolns Inn
which gives a delightful Prospect to the Inhabitants: It is a great Thoroughfare
Horse and Foot; and hath these Places for Passage; on the North side is great
Alley, a great Thoroughfare which leadeth into Holborn, a Place inhabited by
Shoemakers, Sempsters, and Milleners; for which it is of a considerable Trade
noted; at the Entrance of this Alley and on the Back side of Holborn Row is
Park, once famous for its infamous and vicious Inhabitants; which some Years
were forced away; and out of this Place there are several small Alleys which
Holborn. And on the North west End there is a Passage into Holborn, through
Turnstile Alley, very ordinary. Then Southwards there are two open Passages,
into Lincolns Inn, and Little Lincolns Inn Fields, now converted into Buildings
other at the West End, leading into Clare Market through Sheffield street. And
Westwards, over against Portugal Row is a Passage into Bear Yard, with a Free
Pavement. Next to it is the Arch which leadeth into Dukestreet; More
turning by Powis House, sometime the Seat of Sir John Somers, (after Lord
late Lord Chancellor of England, there is a Passage into Queen street.
Lincolns Inn Fields.
Little Turnstile Alley.
Duke street is on the North side; all in this Parish, as also the greatest Part
of the South
side, as is laid down in the Parish Bounds. And this Street being so great a
Thoroughfare, is a Place of some Trade, and well inhabited.
Weld street, the old and the new; the Old is a good open Street, with several
Houses, and fronteth Queen street. And in this Street there are several Courts
West side, which give Passage into Drury Lane, viz. Colsons Court, Holford
Cockpit Alley; Golden Ball Court; Weld Passage, and Princes Court, all small,
narrow Passages, and not over well Inhabited; except some of them noted for the
Reception of the kinder Sort of Females. Then on the East side is a new Court
good Houses now in building, on the Ground where Weld House stood, and to be
called Weld Court. Then on the same side is new
Golden Ball Court.