|of Stepney and Hackney. ||97
The Reeve to deliver the Rental to his Successor.
ITem, The Reeves of the said Manours, and of either of
them, shall at the next general Court, after his Year of Service expired,
Rental by which he made his Account, to the Reeve that shall next succeed him,
Pain to be amerced, or fined by the Homage, if he shall not so do.
To be amerced.
What the Copyholders may freely do without Forfeiture.
ITem, All the Customary Tenants of the said Manours, and
of either of them, may break and dig their Copyhold Grounds, holden of the said
Manours, and of either of them, at his or their Will and Pleasure; and fell, and
their Timber and Woods growing, or that shall grow upon the same, and convert it
their best Use and Profit: and may also suffer their Copyhold Tenements and
decay, without incurring any Seizure or Forfeiture of their Estates therefore,
Pain: and may take and pull down their said Tenements, and erect or set them up
either where they stood before, or upon any other Lands, holden by Copy of Court
of the said Manours, or of either of them. But they may not, or shall not take
them down, to set them (or any Part of them) upon their own Freeholds, or upon
Freeholds of any other.
No Houses may be pulled down, to set them upon freehold Land.
Copyholders may lop Trees growing upon the Waste before their Houses.
ITem, Every of the said Copyholders, or reputed
Copyholders, named Parties to the said Indenture, may lop and shred all such
grow before their Houses or Tenements, upon the wast Ground, and convert the
to their own Use, without any Offence, so the said Trees stand for the Defence
Houses, Yards, or Gardens: And also they may dig Gravel, Sand, Clay, and Lome
upon the said wast Grounds, to build or repair any of their Copyhold Tenements
the said Manours, or in either of them without any Licence; so always, as every
said Copyholders do fill up so much as shall be digged by him or them.
They may dig Gravel, &c. upon the waste.
Letting of Lands for more than thirty one Years and four Months, is a
ITem, If any Person or Persons, being Tenant Customary,
shall (without Licence by Indenture, or other Writing, or otherwise) let his
Customary Lands or Tenements for more then one and thirty Years and four Months,
shall be a Forfeiture of his Estate, by the Custom of the said Manours, and of
them, being found and presented by the Homage or else otherwise lawfully and
For what Offences these Copyholders may forfeit their Estates.
ITem, For Treason or Felony whatsoever, that shall be
committed by any Copyholder of the said Manours, or of any of them, for which he
shall be lawfully attainted, he shall forfeit his
Copyhold Lands and Tenements to the Lord of the said Manour. And for all other
Offence or Offences, Act or Acts whatsoever, for which a Freeholder ought (by
common Laws of the Land) to forfeit his Freehold Lands and Tenements: There a
Copyholder of the said Manours, or of either of them, shall forfeit as a
ought to forfeit, in like Case, his Freehold. But if a Copyholder be out-lawed
Cause, saving Felony or Treason, the Lord shall not have the Issues or Profits
Lands. And if a Copyholder make a Feoffment of his Copyhold, Gift in taile, or
for Life or Lives, by Deed or without Deed, by Livery and seizin thereupon; or
suffer a Recovery at the common Law, levy a Fine, or wilfully refuse or deny to
do or perform his Rents, Fines, Suits, Customs and Services, at any time due to
Lord or Lords of the said Manours, or of either of them for the said Copyholds:
same wilful Refusal being presented to the Homage, by the Oaths of three
Tenants, with the Reeve or his Deputy (the said Tenants or Reeve, nor his
being none of the Lords Servants) and being found and presented by the Homage,
same shall be holden and reputed a Forfeiture of his Estate, whatsoever he shall
Copy of Court Roll, at the time of any such Act committed or done; in so much of
or their Copyhold Lands and Tenements, as he shall have committed by any such
And only for so much of his Lands and Tenements, out of the which the said
and other Duties is demanded, and shall be due, and wilfully denied by the said
or Tenants, as aforesaid. Or if any Copyholder shall in the Lords Court, or
in any Court of Record, disclaim to hold his said Copyhold Lands and Tenements
the Lord of the Manour, whereof his Lands and Tenements are holden; or shall (by
pleading in the Lords Court, or other Court of Record) wilfully claim their
to be Freeholds; or willingly and wittingly plead in any Real Action at the
in chief as a Freehold Tenant; or shall willingly and wittingly do any other
Things, in or concerning his now Lands and Tenements, which shall be a
Dis-inheritance of the Lord or Lords of the said Manours, or of either of them,
Heirs or Assigns (other than such Acts, as in these Articles are especially
(or dispensed withal) that then he shall forfeit his and their Estate, of and in
Lands and Tenements so disclaimed, to be holden or claimed to be Freehold; or
which he shall plead in chief, or do any such other Act or Thing as is
Finally, the Lord of the said Manours, or of either of them, shall have all such
Forfeitures, Issues, Profits, and Advantages of the said Copyholds, as shall
to him by any Statute Laws of this Realm, being not against and contrary to
Articles and Customs here expresly set down.
Outlawry, except for Treason or Felony, shall be no Forfeiture.
How a Man may make a further Forfeiture of his Estate several Ways.
Denying to pay Rents, Fines, &c.
Disclaiming to hold of the Lord, and claiming their Copyholds to be Freeholds.
Pleading wittingly in a real Action at common Law, in chief as a Freehold.
What other Forfeitures the Lord shall have.
The Act or Neglect of Tenant for Lives or Years, shall not prejudice those in
ITem, if any Person or Persons, having any Estate of any
Copyhold Lands or Tenements, holden of the said Manours, or of either of them,
Term of Life or Lives, or for Term of Years, or (in the right of their Wives) or
Estate, altho' he, she, or they, shall do or suffer, or neglect to do any Act or
during the Time aforesaid, in or upon the said Copyhold Lands and Tenements,
may or shall be contrary to the Custom of tee said Manours, or of either of