Parish of St. Clements. Streets, &c.119

Parish of St. Clements. Streets, &c.

runs an Alley without a Name that crosses Holles Street and Clare Street.

Vere Street, comes out of Duke Street and falls into Clare Market, a Street well inhabited by Tradesmen; On the East side is a Passage into Bear Yard, which is a broad Place with Shambles and Stalls built, as designed for a Market Place to join to Clare Market, but the Project did not take; so of no Use, and but ordinarily inhabited. Out of this Yard is an Alley which leadeth into Lincolns Inn Fields against Portugal Row, and another Passage into Shefford Street adjoining to the Market, a Place of some Trade.

Vere Street.

Bear Yard.

Shefford Street.

Clare Market, very considerable and well served with Provisions, both Flesh and Fish; for besides the Butchers in the Shambles, it is much resorted unto by the Country Butchers and Higglers, the Market Days, are Wednesdays and Saturdays. The Tole belongs to the Duke of Newcastle, as Ground Landlord thereof.

Clare Market.

On the Back side of Portugal Row, is a Street which runneth to Lincolns Inn Gate, which used ro pass without a Name, but since the Place is encreased by the new Buildings in Little Lincolns Inn Fields, and the settling of the Play House it may have a Name given it, and not improperly, Playhouse Street. Fronting the Play House, is a Street which goeth to Plough Stables; which also had no Name, unless one may call it Grange Street, from the Grange Inn, a Place of good Note; nigh to which is the Parish Round House, on the Back side of which is a Churchyward also belonging to the Parish.

Playhouse Street.

Grange Street.

Churchyard belonging to St. Clements.

The new Buildings made by Sir Thomas Cook in Little Lincolns Inn Fields, now make a large Street with good built Houses and before likewise had no Name; but now may be called Lincolns Inn Street; at the upper End of this Street is Plough Alley and Stable Alley, already spoken of. Then Hookers Court, a very fine large Court, with very good Buildings, well inhabited; It hath a Passage down Steps into Boswel Court, and to both Passages or Entrances are Gates to shut up in the Nights, for Security of the Inhabitants.

Sir Thomas Cook's Buildings.

Lincolns Inn Street.

Hookers Court.

Boswel Court, chiefly for Stablings and Coach Houses, except at the End towards St Clements Inn, where there are some Houses; this Court hath a Passage into Little Shear Lane; which is but narrow, and not over well built.

Boswel Court.

Little Shear Lane.

Hemlock Court, a neat Court with a Freestone Pavement, lately new built with pretty good Houses; It hath a Passage into Lincolns Inn, and fronts Ship Yard.

Hemlock Court.

Shear Lane, very narrow towards Temple Bar, but upwards against Little Shear Lane it groweth wider, hath better Buildings and well inhabited: Of this Lane, only the West side is in this Parish, the other being in the Liberty of the Rolls.

Shear Lane.

Serles Street, hath on the East, the new Row of Buildings of Lincolns Inn, and on the West that large Pile of Buildings which takes up the rest of Little Lincolns Inn Fields; and in the midst of which is Cooks Court, which is a very handsome and cleanly Place, with good Buildings, very well inhabited.

Serles Street.

Cooks Court.

As for the Description of the Buildings in Lincolns Inn which are in this Parish, I shall speak of them, when I come to treat of the other Parts.

I shall next shew the Buildings lying Westwards and separate from the Body of the Parish; to wit, In the Strand, beginning at Wimbleton House, a very handsome large House, and so all the Houses, with Exeter Exchange and Court, and the Houses adjoining, the East side of Burleigh Street, except some few Houses, together with all the back Buildings unto the Fountain Tavern in Katharine Street, and the Courts within the same, as aforesaid. Likewise all Beauford Buildings, and the East side of Cecil Street, built on Part of great Salisbury House, and Garden.

Wimbleton House.

To begin with Exeter Exchange, with Exchange Alley, Exeter Street, and Burleigh Street, &c. These formerly belonged to Exeter House, and Garden until thus built, being a large House belonging to the Earls of Exeter, and was antiently said to be a Covent, or Monastery, and that Covent Garden, then unbuilt, was the Gardens and Fields belonging to it. This Exchange contains two Walks below Stairs, and as many above, with Shops on each side, for Semsters, Milleners, Hosiers, &c. The Builders judging it would come in great Request but it received a Check in its Infancy, I suppose by those of the New Exchange, so that instead of growing in better Esteem, it became worse and worse; insomuch that the Shops in the first Walk next the Street can hardly meet with Tenants, those backwards lying useless, and those above converted to other Uses; and here the Managers of the Land Bank keep their Office. Adjoining to this Exchange Eastwards in the Strand is Exeter Court, very handsome, and well inhabited, with a good Freestone Pavement.

Exeter Exchange.

Land Bank.

Exeter Court.

Burleigh Street comes out of the Strand, and runs up to Exeter Street; a Place not over well inhabited. And behind the Exchange is Exchange Alley, which hath one Passage into this Street, another into Exeter Street, and a third into the Change. The Court is indifferent large and well inhabited.

Burleigh Street.

Exchange Alley.

Then on the South side of the Strand, near adjoining to the Savoy, but more Westwardly, is Beauford Buildings; which formerly was a very large House with a Garden towards the River Thames, with wast Ground and Yards behind it Eastwards, called Worcester House, as belonging to the Earls of Worcester, and descending to Henry Duke of Beaufort; his Grace finding it crazy, and by its Antiquity grown very ruinous, and altho' large, yet not after the modern Way of Building, thought it better to let out the Ground to Undertakers, than to build a new House thereon, the Steepness of the Descent to the Thames rendring it not proper for great Courts, nor easy for Coaches, if the House were built at such a Distance from the Street, as would have been proper: And having at the same time, bought Buckingham House at Chelsey, in an Air he thought much healthier, and near enough to the Town for Business. However his Grace caused a lesser House to be there built for himself, to dispatch Business in, at the End of a large Street leading to it, and having the Conveniency of a Prospect over the Thames. On both sides are now very fair and good Houses built, well inhabited, generally by Gentry, especially in the Part next the Thames, which is much broader, than at its Entrance out of the Strand. The front Houses in the Strand, which are lofty and well built, are inhabited by Tradesmen; with one very fine Tavern, which hath the Sign of the Fountain, very conveniently built for that Purpose, with excellent Vaults, good Rooms of Entertainment, and a curious Kitchin for dressing of Meat, which with the good Wine there sold makes it to be well resorted unto: close by this Tavern is an Alley that leadeth to Fountain Court, a very handsome Place, with a Freestone Pavement, and good Buildings which are well inhabited. Out of this Court is a Passage into the Street, where the Dukes House stood, which gave the Name to Beauford Buildings; This House of the Dultes, with some others, was lately burnt down; by the Carelesness of a Servant in one of the adjacent Houses. This is now again built into a very handsome Court: On the West side of this House is a Passage out of the Strand for Carts and Cars, that belong to the Wharfs adjoining to the Thames.

Beauford Buildings.

Fountain Court.

Beauford House burnt down, and rebuilt.