The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Maior.]78

The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Maior.]

of Victuals. That according to his Power the People might not be burthened by reason of Dearth.

After that, the Maior was wont to offer himself there to his Account for the Office of Escheator; and was sworn to render a good and faithful Account of the said Office; and appointed there one whom he pleased for his Attorney ad computand', i.e. to make the Accompts. The Maior also and Aldermen for the City appointed one of the Exchequer, Attorney of the said City ad calumpniand' & clamand' i.e. to complain and to claim their Liberties, if, and when their Necessity required. And thus, having Licence from the Lords, departed. And so in the Common Pleas they appointed one of that Place, Attorney of the City. But in the King's Bench they appointed two Attorneys jointly and severally to claim the Liberties and ancient Customs of the City, if, and when Necessity required.

Attorneys appointed.

Which being done, they returned: the Commoners on Horseback going before in a Company according to the Suits of their Mysteries or Trades. But they of the Mystery whereof the Maior was, and they that were of his Livery, went next before the Maior. But none went near the Maior for a considerable Distance: But the Sergeants at Arms, Macebearers, and his Swordbearer, and one Sheriff on his Right Hand, and the other on his Left, with white Rods in their Hands, all going before. The Recorder and the Aldermen followed next after him through the Middle of West-Cheap unto his House: and then those that were not invited to the Feast, went home.

How the new Maior returned from Westminster.


The Customary Devotions of the New Maior.

 

THE same Day after Dinner the new Maior was wont to go from his House to the Church of St. * of Acon, those of his Livery going before him; and the Aldermen in like manner being there met together, they came to the Church of St. Paul: Whither when they were come, namely in the mid Place of the Body of the Church, between two little Doors, they were wont to pray for the Soul of Bishop William, who, as is said, obtained great Liberties by his Entreaties for the City from William the Conqueror, a Priest saying that Office de Profundis [called the Dirge.] And from thence they passed to the Churchyard, where lie the Bodies of the Parents [Sancti Thomæ Cantuariensis†] of St. Thomas of Canterbury: And there they said also, for all the Faithful of God departed, De Profundis, &c. near the Tomb of the aforesaid Parents.

The new Maior goes to St. Thomas of Acon.

*In this Vacancy was Thomæ; but erased, no question, in Obedience to an Act in Hen. VIII's Time, that Thomas Becket's Name should be blotted out of all Books of Devotion. And for Safety sake they erased it out of other Books. J. S.

And so to Paul's.

†This is blotted out, and over it is writ Thome nuper Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi; taking away Thomas's Saintship. J. S.

And from thence they returned through Cheapside Market, sometimes with Wax Candles burning, if it were late, to the said Church [Sancti Thomæ erased] and there the Maior and Aldermen offered single Pence. Which being done, every one went to his House.

Maiors sworn at the Tower.


When the Maior was sworn before the Constable of the Tower.

 

IF the King's Exchequer were not at London, or if the Court were vacant, the Maior was presented to the Constable of the Tower of London, or his Lieutenant: Who was accepted and sworn without the first Gate: As was done with Sir Nic. Brembre, elected for Maior in the Eve of Palms in the 59 Ed. III. Likewise on the Mor-

row of the Feast of Simon and Jude, John le Blount Maior was presented, sworn and accepted by John de Blakbrok, Lieutenant of Sir John de Sandwick, Constable of the Tower, Ann. 31 Edw. Filii Reg. Edw. And this Liberty is put in the King's Charter.

Lib. C. f. 112.


The Custom of the Maior and Aldermen on All-Saints Day, and other Holydays.

 

ON the first Day of the Month, i.e. of All-Saints then next following, the Maior with his Family was wont to go after Dinner to the Church [Sancti [Thomæ defaced as before.] And the Aldermen also, and those that were of the Livery of the Maior, with honest Men of the Mysteries in their several Habits or Suits, were wont there to be assembled; and thence to repair to St. Paul's, and there to hear Vespers, and so to go home.

The Maior on All-Saints Day.

In like manner on the Nativity of our Lord, the Maior, Aldermen, and Sheriffs, and those of the Maior and Sheriffs Liveries, were wont to come together at St. Church, and thence to pass to St. Paul's; and there on the right side of the Quire, in the Stall next to the Dean's Stall, the Maior was wont to stand, and the Aldermen stood according to their Rank, as well as on the same part of the Quire near the Maior, as of the other Part, to hear Vespers and the Completory. Which being heard, it was done further, as was shewed in the Chapter next before.

Christmas Day.

The Maior's Place in St. Paul's.

The same Procession was observed on St. Stephen's Day; and so on St. John Evangelist's. But in the Feast of Innocents, the Maior, Aldermen, and Sheriffs were wont to hear Vespers in St. [Thomas's] Church. And there on the Morrow to hear Mass and also Vespers. Which being done, they went home.

St. Stephen's.

St. John's.

St. Innocents.

The former Ceremony was also observed on the Feast of Circumcision and Epiphany, and Purification of the Glorious Virgin.

Circumcision.

Epiphany.

Purification.

In Easter Week, on Monday before nine a Clock, the Maior, Aldermen and Sheriffs were wont in their Habit, and also a great Company of People of both Sexes, to come to the Hospital of Saint Mary without Bishopsgate, to hear a Sermon: In like manner on Tuesday and Wednesday in the same Week.

Easter.

Likewise towards the Feast of Whitsuntide, the Maior, Aldermen and Sheriffs were wont to meet, and provide themselves agreeably with Suit of Garments. The Maior moreover and the Sheriffs gave Liveries to their Friends, and their Household Servants, and the Officers of the City, in an honourable manner, according to each one's Degree. And Monday in Whitsun Week, between nine and ten of the Clock before Dinner, the Maior, Aldermen and Sheriffs in their Habit, met together in the Church of St. Peter's upon Cornhill; and all also of the Livery, as well of the Maior, as Sheriffs. From which Place the Procession of the Rectors of London going before, first followed those that were of the Livery of the Sheriffs, next those of the Livery of the Maior. Then the Maior with the Recorder and Aldermen according to their Degrees, passed thro' Cheap into Paul's Churchyard; and entring on the North side, being met there by the Procession of the same Church, they went out by the South Part of the same Churchyard; and so by the Close from Watlingstreet, they entred the Church at the great Inn on the West part; and there they stood still in a Body, until the Hymn Veni Creator had been sung by the Vicars and Organs; at each other Verse an Angel sent from above incensing. Which being done, the Maior and Aldermen going up to the Altar, offered. And then every one went home.

Whitsuntide.

The Procession from St. Peter's Cornhill, on Monday.

And