The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Aldermen.]98

The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Aldermen.]

duly elected and chosen Sheriff or Sheriffs for the City of London and County of Middlesex, by the Livery-Men of this City, in Common Hall assembled, shall be discharged from serving the said Office, after the thirtieth Day of August in any Year, without the Consent and Approbation of the Lord Maior, Aldermen and Commons in Common Council assembled, first had and obtained: Any Law, Usage, or Custom to the contrary hereof in any wise notwithstanding.

And whereas by a Clause in an Act of Common Council made the sixth day of June, 1683, it was, amongst other things, Enacted, That an Act made the twenty first day of June, 1643, Repealing two former Acts of Common Council, whereby the Court of Aldermen were to nominate two Persons to the Common Hall for their Election of a Chamberlain, and four for their Election of the Bridge-Masters, and the Commoners, to choose out of them, and no others, should be Abrogated and Repealed: Now this Court, taking the said several Acts into their Consideration, do hereby Enact and Ordain, and be it Enacted and Ordained by the Authority of the same, That the said Clause or Repeal in the said Act, made the sixth day of June, 1683, and every thing therein contained, relating to or concerning such Repeals, be from henceforth Abrogated and Repealed; and the said Clause is hereby Abrogated and Repealed accordingly: And the said Act made the twenty first day of June, 1643, (so far as concerns the Repeal of the said former Acts of Common Council) is hereby revived, and declared to be in Force and Virtue. And the said Acts of Common Council, directing and enacting such Nomination, as aforesaid, are hereby declared to be and stand Repealed and Annulled, to all intents and purposes whatsoever.

And it is hereby further Declared, Enacted and Ordained by the Authority aforesaid, That for the future the Nomination of all and every Person and Persons for Chamberlain and Bridge-Masters, and also the Election and Choice of them, shall be made by the Livery of the several Companies of this City (lawfully entituled to have such Livery, according to the Laws and Customs of this City) in Common Hall assembled, and not otherwise: Any Law or Usage to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.     
GOODFELLOW.

THERE was a Charter granted to the City by King Edward I. in the first of his Reign: Wherein was contained, that the Sheriffwick of London and County of Middlesex, be holden for ever for 300l. thence yearly to be paid, according as the King's Progenitors had granted to the City. And it was commanded to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer, that the said Sheriffs be not burthened beyond the said Sum. For, it seems, before they had been oppressed and burthened with greater Payments than the said 300l.

Three hundred Pounds, and no more, to be paid by the Sheriffs.

The Sheriffs used to have Allowance from the Exchequer for the Charge of the Execution of Traitors. And it appears in the Records of the Tower, that King Edward III. in the fourth of his Reign, commanded the Treasurer and Barons of his Exchequer, that they should allow the Debt due to the Sheriff of London for the Expences circa Tractionem & Suspensionem Rogeri de Mortuomari, &c. i.e. about the Drawing and Hanging of Roger Mortimer and Simon de Bereford.

Sheriffs allowed out of the Exchequer, about the Execution of Traitors.

The Sheriffs used to make their Benefit of Places under them, and so made their best of their Offices that way. Whereby their Clerks and Servants were very burthensome unto such as had Business to be done with them. The Treasurer, and other the King's Justices, had this complained of before them by the Jury of the Inquisition.

Complained of for selling Places.

Who said, "That John Adrian, late Sheriff of London, and Lucas de Batencourt, at that present Sheriff [viz. 1267.] and all other Sheriffs and Bailiffs, and their Clerks and Servants, as well in the Time of King Henry III. as of the King now, [Edward I.] take Gifts pro Officiis suis exercendis & non exercendis; i.e. for exercising or not exercising their Offices. And that without Money and Gifts they would not perfom, nor do their Duties."

This was a Grievance of the City complained of at other times; as appears by a notable Ordinance made by the Maior and Aldermen in the Beginning of King Edward the Second's Reign, for Clerks and Serjeants of the City, belonging to the Sheriffs; who were come to that pass, that the Maior and Aldermen could not get their Precepts and Executions performed. The Ordinance, as I find it in the Book Horne, was to this Tenor.

An Ordinance for Clerks and Serjeants of the City.

Lib. Horn. fo. 21. b.

"Whereas London, the City of the Lord King, in modern Times no doubt hath excelled other Cities in the Kingdom of England; and so much the more, for the daily Dangers happening in it, it ought more warily and securely to be governed by the Counsel and Help of very skilful Men, for the Royal State, and the Profit and Preservation of the People resorting hither. Hence it is, that when the Sheriffs of the said City, and their Ministers, according to the Precepts of the Maior and Aldermen, delay to make Executions of Businesses, which happen in the same City from divers Causes, as well for levying Debts of the King, as Debts of the City, as making Executions, according as Cases perhaps emerge: And when the Sheriffs of the said City, and their Ministers in each Execution, and the Precepts enjoined them by the Maior and Aldermen, are found so rebellious and remiss, that scarce any of the Precepts and Executions so enjoined, can be fulfilled either in Part or in Whole, or they be brought to their Duty:"

"Thomas Romeyn Maior of London, John de Wengrave, &c. Aldermen, in the third Year of the Reign of King Edward, Son of King Edward, seeing the huge Dangers, and manifest Scandals which might easily hang over the City and Citizens of the same from hence, the ancient Memorials concerning the Ordinances of the City being searched, to correct such Defects of the Sheriffs and their Ministers, and to administer speedier Justice to every one, as is fit: We have now found registred the Punishment upon such Sheriffs and their Ministers so offending, provided and ordered. Which Punishment, not willing at present to encrease, change, or diminish, but rather taking Care to ratify and confirm; We have appointed by the common Consent of the Commonalty of the whole City then present, namely on Thursday next before Whitsunday, June the 4th, the Year abovesaid, that whensoever any special Precept on the Part of the Maior and Aldermen, for levying the Debts of the King or the City, or doing any other Business, specially touching the City, shall be done or appointed by the Sheriffs; that the same Sheriffs, by themselves or their Ministers, have a certain Day to answer upon the Precepts to them made, delivered, and appointed. At which Day if the Sheriffs come not, or come and shall not answer reasonably to their Precepts; or shall not excuse themselves by a reasonable Cause; that thenceforth they incur the Pain of Degradation, and be degraded from their Office; and their Servants, who shall be found obstinate in such Executions and Precepts, be wholly removed from doing or executing their Service for the future "

Degradation of a Sheriff.

in