[Fishmongers.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT.183

[Fishmongers.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT.

Day of his Obit, in the Church of St. Nicholas Cold-Abby.


Ancient Statutes of the Fishmongers of London, as they are taken from a Book in the Chamber of London,

 

Dicunt homines de Halimoto, &c. The Men of the Halimote say, that they ought to have two Laghelmotes in the Year. One on the Feast of St. Martin: the other in Lent. And all Fishermen and those of the Halimote ought to be there: and he that fails forfeits 20d.

Lib. Horn. fo. 218.

Their Halmotes.

Moreover, it ought to be forbidden in that Halimote, that no Fishmonger buy a fresh Fish before Mass at the Chappel upon the Bridge be celebrated, as at the Church of St. Magnus.

They say also, that the said Fishermen must sell fresh Fish after Mass, and Salt-fish after Prime.

That no Fishmonger ought to go to buy Fish beyond the Bounds appointed. And these are the Bounds, the Chappel upon the Bridge, Bainards Castle, Jordans Key: Unless the Fish be set to sell, as they are at Berkynes, Northflete, Dartford, and in some other Markets.

None to buy Fish in any Boat, unless brought thence to Land.

Upon a Complaint of this Company once to a former King, against one of their Trade forestaling Fish, &c. he issued out his Letters to the Maior and Sheriffs of London, to this Tenor.

Rex Maiori & Vicecomitib' London: Salutem. Ex gravi Querela Johan. de Brakyng, Piscenar' London pro se & alijs officium illud in ead' Civitat' exercentib' coram nobis de predict'. accepimus quod Wills. de Eere Stockfishmonger officium illud ibid' exercens, forstallamenta & abroceamenta, & alias transgressiones & dampna enormia in obprobrium omnium officium vendendi Stokfiss, cepas, allia, nuces wallenses, & alia hujusmodi victualia exercentium, & dedecus manifestum; necnon contra consuetudinem inter illos, qui officium hujusmodi ibid' hactenus exercerent, & approbatam, multipliciter fecit; & de die in diem facere, non desistit, in nostri, & Communitatis nostræ predict' ac omnium in dict' Civitat' fluentium hujusmodi victualia ibid' vendentium, dampnum non modicum, & jacturam:

Lib. Horn, Fol. 1.

NOS ergo hujusmodi dampnis & malicie obviare volentes, Vos precipimus, quod vocatis coram Vob' prefato Johan' & predict' Willo. & auditis tam Johis. per se & alijs officium in dict' Civitat' exercentib' quam prefat' Will' rationib' in premissis &c. debito more emendari. Et ipse Willmus. si culpabilis inde inveniatur, taliter juxta ejusd' judicium castigetur. Quod castigatio illa timorem alijs incutiat' delinquendi. Ne nos in vestri defectum clamorem inde audiamus, per quod manum ad hoc aliter apponere debeamus. Test' ap' Wyndeshore xiii. die Febr' Anno Regn. nostri Sexto.

The Hall of this Company stands in Thames-street and reaches South to the Water-side; new built since the great Fire with a very spacious and graceful Quadrangle. They keep up a Memorial of that famous Lord Maior, Sir William Walworth, sometime a Brother of their Company; whose Effigies in full proportion stands in a Niche in their great Hall, holding his bloody Dagger in his Hand, wherewith it is reported in our History he manfully slew the Rebel Wat Tyler. And they have that very Dagger (if Tradition may be believed) hanging up in one of the Rooms, that did that Heroic Execution.

The Hall.

Sir William Walworth.

When Sir William Leman of this Company was Maior, which was about the Year 1616, among the several triumphant Shows that adorned the Day of his Entrance into his Office, there rode several Men in Armour, one whereof with the Head of Wat Tyler upon his Spear erected. There was then also a Pageant representing Walworth lying dead in his Monument; and an Angel, the Genius of London, making him arise: Who forthwith sat up, and standing made a Speech to the Maior passing by.

Sir William Leman, Maior.

The Representation of an Armed Man riding with the Head of Wat Tyler upon his Spear in Memory of Sir William Walworth, was again made when Sir Thomas Abney, Fishmonger, entred upon his Maioralty.

Sir Thomas Abney.

In their Hall is a fair Coat of the Arms of England set up to the Honour of King William III. with this Inscription.

Augustissimo, Potentissimo, & Invictissimo, Angliæ, Scotiæ, Galliæ & Hiberniæ Regi, GULIELMO Tertio, Fidei a Papismo Defensori & Conservatori, Libertatis Restauratori, Publicæ felicitatis Auctori, Seculi Reparatori, SACRUM.

Those of this Company of Fishmongers that have obtained the Chief Magistracy of this City, for the Honour of the Company, I shall here set down in their Order, with some Remarks and Remembrances of some of them.

Maiors of the Fishmongers.

J. S.

John Lovekin, Maior An. 1349, 1359, 1366, and 1367. He was buried at St. Michael's in Crooked-lane.

Walter Turk, Maior 1350. Buried at St. Nicolas Cold-Abby, on the Back side of Old-Fish street.

John Worth, or Wroth, Maior 1361. Buried at St. James at Garlickhith.

John Peche, Maior 1362.

Simon Mordon, Stockfishmonger, Maior 1369. Buried at St. Michael's in Crooked lane.

Sir William Walworth, Maior 1375, and 1381. He was Knighted this Year for killing (or rather arresting) of VVat Tyler in Smithfield; and not of Jack Straw, as it was written upon his old Tomb before the great Fire, at St. Michael's in Crooked-lane. And for the Memory of the Man let his Coat of Arms be added: Which was Gules, a Bend ragule Argent, between two Garbs, the one Or, the other of the Second.

Sir Nicolas Exton, Maior 1387, and 1388. Buried at St. Mary-hill by Billingsgate.

Sir William Ascham, Maior An. 1404.

Sir John Michel, Maior 1425, and 1437. Buried at St. Magnus by London-bridge.

Sir John Rainwel, Maior 1427. Buried at St. Botulph by Billingsgate. An. 1445.

Sir John Parneis, [or rather Perves] Maior An. 1433.

Sir Steven Forster, Maior 1455. Buried at St. Botulph by Billingsgate.

Sir William Hulyn, Maior 1460.

Sir VVilliam Hampton, Maior 1473. He dwelt next to St. Christopher's Church-door. Where I think he is buried.

Sir Rafe Astry, Maior, 1494. Died within three Weeks after his Maioralty, that is the 18th of November. Buried at St. Martin's in the Vintry. Of him the Austries of Bedfordshire are descended

Sir VVilliam Remington, Maior 1501. Buried at St. Mary-hill by Billingsgate.

Sir Thomas Kneisworth, Maior 1506. Buried in the Guild-hall Chappel An. 1515.

Sir VVilliam Coppinger, Maior 1513. In which Year he dyed. Buried at St. Mildred's in Bread-street. Sir Richard Haddon served the rest of the Year. Of him descended the Coppingers of Bux-hall in Suffolk.

Sir Henry Amcotts, Maior 1549. Buried at St. Michael's in Crooked-lane 1554. He was a younger Brother of the Amcots of Lincolnshire; where the said Family long after continued.

Sir Thomas Curteis, Maior 1558. He was first a Pewterer, and dwelt at the upper end of Lombard-street. Buried at St. Denis in Fanchurch-street.

Sir John Allot, Maior 1591. In which Year he died in the Month of September. Buried at

St.