[Orders about] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Apprentices.]328

[Orders about] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Apprentices.]

of Charges within the City, as Summons, Watches, Contributions, Taxes, Tallages, Lot and Scot, and to all other Charges, bearing your part as a Freeman ought to do. Ye shall colour no Foreigners Goods, under or in your Name, whereby the King, or this City, might or may lose their Customs or Advantages. Ye shall know no Foreigner to buy or sell any Merchandize with any other Foreigner within this City or Franchise thereof, but ye shall warn the Chamberlain thereof, or some Minister of the Chamber. Ye shall implead or sue no Freeman out of this City, whiles ye may have Right and Law within the same City. Ye shall take none Apprentice, but if he be free born, (that is to say) no Bondman's Son, nor the Son of any Alien, and for no less Term than for seven Years, without Fraud or Deceit: and within the first Year ye shall cause him to be enrolled, or else pay such Fine as shall be reasonably imposed upon you for omitting the same: and after his Terms end, within convenient time (being required) ye shall make him free of this City, if he have well and truly served you. Ye shall also keep the King's Peace in your own Person. Ye shall know no Gatherings, Conventicles, or Conspiracies made against the King's Peace, but ye shall warn the Maior thereof, or let it to your Power. All these Points and Articles ye shall well and truly keep, according to the Laws and Customs of this City to your Power. So God you help.
GOD save the KING.

Commune Concilium tentum die Veneris primo die Junii, Anno Regni Regis Henrici octavi, &c. decimo octavo, in præsentia Johannis Allen Majoris, Gulielmi Butler Militis, Johannis Milbourne Militis, Johannis Mundi Militis, Thomæ Baldri Militis, Gulielmi Bayly Militis, Thomæ Semer Militis, Jacobi Spencer Militis, Johannis Rudstone, Radulphi Didmer, Johannis Browne, Nicolai Lambert, Stephani Peacocke, Johannis Harding, Nicolai Jennings, Henrici Dacres, Johannis Canulen, & Christopheri Askew, viz.

AT this Common Council, it is agreed, granted, ordained, and enacted, That if hereafter any Freeman or Freewoman of this City, take any Apprentice, and within the Term of seven Years suffer the same Apprentice to go at his large Liberty and Pleasure; and within, or after the said Term, agree with his said Apprentice for a certain Sum of Money, or otherwise for his said Service, and within or after the end of the said Term, the said Freemen present the said Apprentice to the Chamberlain of the City, and by good deliberation, and upon his Oath made to the same City, the same Freeman or Freewoman assureth and affirmeth to the said Chamberlain, that the said Apprentice hath fully served his said Term as Apprentice: or of any Freeman or Freewoman of this City, take any Apprentice which at the Time of the said taking hath any Wife: Or if any Freeman or Freewoman of this City, give any Wages to his or her Apprentice, or suffer the said Apprentices to take any part of their own getting or gains: Or if any Freeman or Freewoman of this City hereafter colour any Forrains Goods, or from henceforth buy or sell for any Person or Persons, or with or to any Person or Persons being Forrain, or Forrainers, Cloths, Silks, Wine, Oils, or any other Goods or Merchandize whatsoever they be, whether he take any thing or things for his or their Wages or Labour, or not: Or if any Person or Persons being free of this City, by any colour or deceitful means, from henceforth do buy, sell or receive of any Apprentice within this City, any Money, Goods, Merchandize, or Wares, without the Assent or License of his Master or Mistress; and upon Examination duly proved before the Chamberlain of the said City for thetime being; and the same reported by the mouth of the said Chamberlain, at a Court to be holden by the Maior and the Aldermen of the same City in their Council Chamber: That as well the said Master as the said Apprentice, shall for evermore be disfranchised.
God save the King.]

An Order of Common Council for Freemen and Apprentices, to be observed upon pain of Disfranchisement.

Instructions for the Apprentices of the City of London.

YE shall constantly and devoutly on your Knees every Day serve God, Morning and Evening, and make Conscience in the due hearing of the Word preached, and endeavour the right Practice thereof in your Life and Conversation. You shall do diligent and faithful Service to your Master for the Time of your Apprenticeship, and deal truly in what you shall be trusted. You shall often read over the Covenants of your Indenture, and see and endeavour yourself to perform the same, to the uttermost of your Power. You shall avoid all evil Company, and all Occasions which may tend to draw you to the same; and make speedy Return, when you shall be sent of your Masters and Mistresses Business. You shall be of fair, gentle, and lowly Speech and Behaviour towards all Men, and especially to all your Governours. And according to your Carriage, expect your Reward, for good or ill, from God and your Friends.

Behaviour of Apprentices.

J. S.

I read in the Liber Albus, that none was made Apprentice, or at least admitted into the Freedom of the City, unless he were Liberæ Conditionis, that is, of the Quality of a Gentleman born. And that if after he was made free, it was known he was of servile Condition, he lost his Freedom. As certain Citizens, Thomas le Bedel, and others did, that held Lands of the Bishop of London in Villenagio. And about the Year 1386, or 1387, Nicolas Exton, Maior, this Order was confirmed, that no Apprentice should be taken, no Freedom given, but to such as were Gentlemen born.

Apprentices to be Liberæ Conditionis.

Lib. C. fo. 88.

The ancient Habit of the Apprentices of London, was a flat round Cap, Hair close cut, narrow falling Bands, coarse side Coats, close Hose, cloth Stockings, and other such severe Apparel. When ths Garb had been urged by some to the Disparagement of Apprentices, as a Token of Servitude, one, many a Year ago, undertaking the Defence of these Apprentices, wrote thus, That this imported and commendable Thrift of the Citizens, and was only the Mark of an Apprentice's Vocation and Calling, [and which anciently, no question, was the ordinary Habit of a Citizen,] which Point of ancient Discipline, he said, the grave common Lawyers do still retain in their Profession. For the Professors of that Learning, we see, do at this present retain the party-coloured Coats of Serving-men at their Serjeants Feasts. And he wished, that the Remembrance of this ancient Livery might be preserved by the grave Citizens, in setting apart a particular Time or Day for the Feast of their Apprenticeship, when they should wear their former Apprentice's Garb; making Profession in this way, that they gloried in the Ensigns of their honest Apprenticeship.

Ancient Habit of Apprentices.

City's Advocate, printed 1628.

In the Time of Queen Mary, and beginning of Queen Elizabeth, as well as many Years before, all Apprentices wore blue Clokes in the Summer, and blue Gowns in the Winter. But it was not lawful for any Man, either Servant or other, to wear their Gowns lower than the Calves of their Legs, except they were above threescore Years of Age. But the Length of Clokes being not limited, they made them down to their Shoes. Their Breeches and Stockings were usually of

white