[Assize] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [of Bakers.]338

[Assize] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [of Bakers.]

The Quarter of Whete at 17s. 6d.
The ferthing simnel 2 ouncis 3qt. z. 2d. qt.
The ferthing whyt loof coket 5 ouncis qt. z. & q.
The ob. whyt loof 10 ouncis 3qt. & ob.
The ob. whete loof 16 ouncis & di. qt. ob. q.
The peny whete loof 32 ouncis qt. & 1d. ob.
The ob. loof of all graynis 21 ouncis & half 1d.

The Quarter of Whete at 18s.
The ferthing simnell 2 ouncis 3qt. z. & q.
The ferthing whyt loof coket 5 ouncis & qt. ob. q.
The ob. whyt loof 10 ouncis z. & 1d.
The ob. whete loof 15 ouncis 3qt. 2d. q.
The peny whete loof 31 ouncis z. & di. qt. 2d.
The ob. loof of all graynis 21 ouncis & di. 1d.

The Quarter of Whete at 18s. 6d.
The ferthing simnell 2 ouncis 3qt. ob. q.
The ferthing whyt loof coket 5 ouncis & di. qt. 1d. q.
The ob. whyt loof 10 ouncis qt. & di.
The ob. whete loof 15 ouncis & di. & 1d. qt.
The peny whete loof 31 ouncis & di.q.
The ob. loof of all graynis 20 ouncis 3q.

The Quarter of Whete at 19s.
The ferthing simnell 2 ouncis 3 & di. q. & 1d. qt.
The ferthing whyt loof coket 5 ouncis & 1d. ob. q.
The ob. whyt loof 10 ouncis & di. qt. & 1d.
The ob. whete loof 15 ouncis qt. & q.
The peny whete loof 30 ouncis 3 & ob.
The ob. loof of all graynis 20 ouncis qt. & 2d.

The Price of a Quarter of Whete at 19s. 6d.
The ferthing simnell 2 ouncis 3 & 2d. weyght.
The ferthing whyt loof coket 5 ouncis.
The ob. whyt loof 10 ouncis.
The ob. whete loof 15 ouncis
The peny whete loof 30 ouncis.
The ob. loof of all graynis 20 ouncis.

The Quarter of Whete at 20s.
The ferthing simnell 2 ouncis 3 & a qt.
The ferthing whyt loof coket 4 ouncis 3qt. 3ob. q.
The ob. whyt loof 9 ouncis 3qt. 1d. ob.
The ob. whete loof 14 ouncis & di. qt. 2d. qr.
The peny whete loof 29 ouncis qt. 3. 2d.
The ob. loof of all graynis 19 ouncis 3 & di. q. ob.

Item, the halfpeny loof whyt of Stratford * must wey 2 ouncis more than the halfpeny whyt loof of London.
Item, the halfpeny whete loof of Stratford must wey 3 ouncis more than the halfpeny whete loof of London.
Item, the peny whete loof of Stratford must wey 6 ouncis more than the peny whete loof of London.
Item, three halfpeny whyt loofes of Stratford must wey as much as the peny whete loof.
Item, the loof of all graynis, that is to say, the whete loof must wey as moch as the peny whete loof and the halfpeny whyt loof.

*That is, Stratford Bow, where in former times the Bakers lived, that supplied the City with Bread, bringing it in Carts to London to Market.

J. S.

The ancient Appointment of the just Weight and Quantity of each Loaf of Bread, was confirmed in the latter part of Queen Elizabeth's Reign, by the Lords of her Privy Council, with their Names subscribed thereunto. And was to this Tenor, (according to a Book made by J. Powel, sometime Clerk of the Market in King James the First's Time, called the Book of Assize.)

Orders for Bread and Bakers by Q Elizabeth's Privy Council.

J. S.


Ancient Laws, Customs, and good Ordinances, set down for Bakers, in making, sizing, and selling all sorts of lawful Bread, which by the Laws are vendible unto the Queen's Subjects in the Commonwealth, retailing the same.

 

First, THAT no manner of Persons or Persons shall keep a common Bakehouse in Cities and Corporate Towns, but such Persons as have been apprenticed unto the same Mystery, and brought up therein for the more space of seven Years, or else otherwise skilful in the good making and true sizing of all sorts of Bread; and shall put his own Mark or Seal upon all sorts of his Man's Bread, which he or they shall make and sell, as before is mentioned.

Bakers to be Apprencticed.

Item, That no Baker, or any other Persons, do make, bake, utter and sell any kinds or sorts of Bread in the Commonwealth, but such which the Statutes and ancient-Ordinance of this Realm do allow them to bake and sell: that is to say, they may bake and sell Symnel Bread, and Wastel, White, Wheaten, Houshold, and Horse Bread: and none other kinds of Bread, to put to Sale unto her Majesty's Subjects.

Lawful Bread to be made and sold.

Item, They must make and bake Farthing White Bread, Halfpenny White, Penny White, Halfpenny Wheaten, Penny Wheaten Bread, Penny Houshold, and Twopenny Houshold Loaves: and none of greater Size, upon pain of Forfeiture, unto poor People all such great Bread which they, or any of them shall make, to sell, of greater Size, (the Time of Christmas always excepted)

What sorts of Bread are to be made.

Item, They shall not utter and sell to any Innholder, or Victualler, either in Man's Bread or Horse Bread, (which shall retail the same) but only 13d. worth for 12d. without any Poundage, or other Advantage.

Item, They shall sell and deliver unto Innholders and Victuallers in Horse Bread, but three Loaves for a Penny, and 13 pennyworth for 12d. (as aforesaid) every one of the same three Horse Loaves weighing the full Weight of a Penny White Loaf, whether Wheat be good, cheap or dear.

13 Pence in Bread for 12 Pence.

Item, That no Bakers, or other Person or Persons, shall at any time, or times hereafter, make, utter or sell by Retail, within or without their Houses, unto any the Queen's Subjects, any Spice Cakes, Buns, Bisket, or other Spice Bread, (being Bread out of Size, and not by Law allowed) except it be at Burials, or upon the Friday before Easter, or at Christmas; upon pain of Forfeiture of all such Spice Bread to the Poor.

Unlawful Bread forbidden.

Spice Cakes, Buns, &c.

Item, Whereas there are in Cities and Corporate Towns, common Bakers, using the Mystery of baking there, and within the same Towns common Bakers, which come into the Market with their Bread to be sold, they shall not only bring with them such kinds or sorts of sized Bread as the Law and Ordinances do allow to be made and sold, as aforesaid; but also shall keep and observe this Order in the Weight of their Bread, as hereafter followeth. Because the said Foreigners do not bear and pay within the same Cities and Towns, such Scot and Lot as the Bakers of the same Towns do.

Foreign Bakers to keep greater Size than the Townsmen.

First, The Foreigners Halfpenny White Loaves shall weigh half an Ounce more in every Loaf than the Bakers of the same Towns Halfpenny White Loaves do.

Item,