[Assize for] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Bakers.]339

[Assize for] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Bakers.]

Item, their Penny White Loaves shall weigh one Ounce more in every Loaf than the Bakers of the same Towns Penny White Loaves do.

Item, their Halfpenny Wheaten Loaves shall weigh one Ounce more in every Loaf than the Bakers of the same Towns Halfpenny Wheaten Loaves do.

Item, their Penny Wheaten Loaves shall weigh two Ounces more in every Loaf than the Bakers of the same Towns Penny Wheaten Loaves do.

Item, their Penny Houshold Loaves shall weigh two Ounces more in every Loaf than the Bakers of the same Towns Penny Houshold Loaves do.

Item, their Twopenny Houshold Loaves shall weigh four Ounces more in every Loaf than the Bakers of the same Towns twopenny Houshold Loaves do.

Provided always, that the Clerk of the Market of her Majesties Houshold, his Deputy or Deputies, Maiors, Bailiffs, and other Officers of Cities, Corporate Towns and Liberties, shall look unto, have diligent Care and Respect unto the due Performance and Execution of these Articles. And they shall and may, from time to time, freely give and distribute all such unlawful Bread as shall be hereafter made and put to Sale, being contrary to these Articles before mentioned, unto poor Prisoners, or any other poor People. Willing and requiring all Justices of Peace, Constables, Bailiffs, and other Officers, to be aiding, assisting, and helping all the aforesaid Officers in the due Execution thereof, as they will answer the contrary at their Perils.
Signed by

Penalty.

Joh. Cant. Tho. Buckhurst.
Christoph. Hatton, Canc' Francis Knowles.
Will. Burghley. Tho. Heneage.
H. Derby. J. Fortescue.
Cha. Howard. J. Wolley.
H. Hunsdon.

And in the beginning of the next Reign, viz. that of King James I. the same Care was again taken for the due and exact Assize of Bread, and for the Regulation of the Bakers, upon an Information brought by J. Powel, Clerk of the Market, unto the Lords of his Highness most honourable Houshold; That divers Bakers and other Persons, taking upon them the Mystery of Baking, and uttering of Bread unto the King's Majesties Subjects in the Commonwealth, for their own private Lucre and Commodity, did not only make and sell to the Subjects, Breads of odd Sizes, made by their own Inventions, but also divers kinds and sorts of Bread; which were both repugnant to the Laws and Ordinances of the Realm, and likewise hurtful to the Commonwealth. Wherefore Orders and Articles were made and agreed upon by the Lords and others of his Majesties most honourable Privy Council, appointing what kinds and sorts of Bread were to be made and sold. Which Orders were to the same Purport with those above made under Queen Elizabeth: requiring the Clerk of the Market, &c. and all other Officers of Cities, Towns Corporate, and Liberties, especially the Master and Wardens of the Company of BAKERS in the City of London, their Officers and Ministers, to look unto, and have diligent Care and Respect unto the due Performance of these Articles. This was signed by

The Orders for Bakers ratified by King James's Privy Council, 1604.

T. Ellesemere, Canc' Cranborne.
T. Dorset. E. Zouche.
Suffolk. W. Knowles.
E. Worcester. E. Wotton.
Devonshire. Jo. Popham.
H. Northampton. J. Herbert.

Here I subjoin a Table of the modern Assize of Bread, hanging up in the long Gallery in Guild-Hall, London. Transcribed and kindly communicated to me by Mr. Randal Stracey, then Comptroller, now Town-Clerk.

The