[Bakers.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Miller, &c.]343

[Bakers.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Miller, &c.]

the Market of Corn, the Baker's Body be at the Mercy of the Justice.

Let no Baker go into St. Michael [Cornhill] Churchyard [where the Bread-corn was sold] nor the Market of West chepe, of Garsecherch, of Billinsgate, nor to Bowlves Wharph, nor Queenhithe, nor aboard any Ship to buy Corn, before the first ringing. [There seemed of old to be Bells rung in several Church Steeples of the City, as Bow for one, at certain Hours of the Day, and that both for Devotion and Business: and before the first ringing in the Morning, none might go out to buy Provision.]

Let no Baker make Meal of Felgar, * of Sticks, of Straw, nor of Rushes.

*Farinare faciat felgera.

Let no Baker entertain any one beyond one Night, unless he have him suspected * of some Transgression.

*Ad rectum.

Bakers keeping Hogs may safely nourish them for themselves in their own Houses, or elswhere, without the Streets and Lanes of the City.

Let no Regrateress pass London Bridge towards Suthwerk, nor elsewhere, to buy Bread, to carry it into the City of London to sell: because the Bakers of Suthwerk, nor of any other Place, are not subject to the Justice of the City.

Let no Baker draw away his Neighbour's Servant from his Service, as long as he ought to tarry in his Service, whether by Hire, or by Obligation of Trust. And this under pain of 40s. for the Use of the Sheriff.

If any Baker's Servant make a Transgression against his Master, so that he hath presumed to depart unlicensed from his Service, we decree under Forfeiture to the Sheriff, that none of the Bakers receive him, and retain him, until he have fully satisfied his Master.

Whereas it is common for Merchants to give Credit, * and especially for Bakers commonly to do the same with Regrateresses: under the pain before taxed we forbid, that no Baker make the benefit of any Credit to a Regrateress, as long as he shall know her to be involved in her Neighbour's Debt.

*Creantiam facere.

For the avoiding the innumerable and intolerable Dangers and Scandals which are often wont to arise between Fellow-Bakers; we firmly forbid, that none presume to enter into this Trade, unless of his own, or the help of his Friends, he can sufficiently fulfil the said Trade to our Lord the King, and the City of London, with 40s. moveable Chattels, and find Pledge to perform it.

Let no Loaf be made to sell, of three Farthings, or five Farthings, nor of an Halfpenny, nor of a greater Price. But in case such a Loaf shall be found to be carried in one's Arms, or under any Towels, let it be taken to the Use of the Sheriff, without any Recovery.

Bread made out of London, and brought into the City to be sold, we decree to be adulterate: and therefore we firmly enjoin, that no Baker nor Regrateress presume to buy any such Bread to sell, unless it be of competent Weight according to the Bread made in the City of London, according to that which the Year requireth.

Let no Bread be taken cold, but warm, as it is delivered to the Baker by Assay.

Let no Turtary * sell Bread to a Regrateresss, neither in their Shops, but only in their Chests [or Baskets] and in the King's Market; and not in their House, under pain of 40s.


Let no Turtary make White Bread to sell, nor on the contrary.

Let no Bread be sold in the King's Market but on Wednesday and Saturday. And if any Bread shall be found to be sold at the foresaid Place but on those said Days, it shall be called a Forfeiture without Recovery.

Six or eight of the Trade of Bakers shall swear before the Sheriff to keep the foresaid Statutes, and to accuse those that go against them.

Now for the Occupations that concerned Provisions of Meat and Drink, and Apparel, this was the ancient Assize of them; as I extracted it out of an ancient Book of the Clerk of the Market.

Assize of divers Trades.



THys ys the Assize of a Myller. That he have no Mesures at his Mylle, but if they be assized and selid according unto the Kyngis Standard. And he shal have of every Bushel of Whete a Quart for the grinding, if it be brought unto hym. And if he fetche it, he shal have a quarte for the grinding, and anoder for the fetching. And of every Bushel of Malt he shal have but a Peynce for the grinding, if it be brought to him. And if he fetche it, he shall have a Pynce for the grinding, and anoder for the fetching. Also, he shal nat water nor chaunge no Mannys Corne, to yeve hym the worse for the better. Also, he shal have no Hoggis, Gees, nor Duckis at his Mylle dore, nor in his Mylle, of his owne, nor of noon oder Mannys: Nor no maner of Pultre, but three Hennys and a Cok. And if he woll nat beware by two Warnyngs, then the third tyme he to be juged unto the Pellory.



Also, the Assize of a Baker is 6d. hyghyng and 6d. lowyng in a Quarter of Whete Price. For and he bake and lak an unce in the Weight of a Lofe, he to be amercid at 20d. And if he lak an unce and half, he to be amercid at 2s. in al maner of Brede so laking. And if he bake over th'assise, then to be juged unto the Pillory.



Also, the Assize of a Brewer is 12d. hyghyng and 12d. lowyng in the price of a Quarter of Malt, and evermore of the Shilling the Ferthing. For when he byeth a Quarter of Malt for 2s. then he shal sel a Galon of the best Ale for an Halfpeny. And he to make 48 Galons of Ale of a Quarter of Malt. And when he byeth a Quarter of Malt for 3s. then he shal sel a Galon of the best Ale for thrée ferthings: 4s. four ferthings: 5s. five ferthings: 6s. six ferthings: 7s. seven ferthings: 8s. eight ferthings: and so ferther. Also, he shal set noon Ale a sale tyl he have sent aftyr the Ale-tastours for to a taste it. And as oft as he doth the contrary, to be amercid at 6d. Also, that he shal noon Ale sell but by Mesurys assized and asselid. Also, that he shal sell a Quarte of the best Ale within hymself, upon his Tabull, for an Halfpeny. And if he do the contrary to any of thees, or and he sell nat aftyr the price of Malt, he or she to be amercyd the first tyme 12d. the second tyme 20d. And he woll nat beware by two Warnyngs, the thyrd tyme to be juged to the Pillory, or unto the Cockying-stole. First to the Cockyng-stole, and aftyr to the Pillory.



Also, the Assize of a Bocher is, that he shal be noon excessife taker, no more of the Shilling but a Peny; but the Hede, the Gader, the Inward, and the Fete, for the Skynne and the Talow shal go with the Carcasse, of al sich Catell as fedeth. And of al sich Catell as soukith, and fedeth nat, he shal have but the Hede, the Offal and the Skynne. And that he sle no Bulne Flesh, but it be baited: nor no Kow that is bulling, nor grete with Kalf: nor no Ewe that is a ramming, nor grete with Lambe: