[By-Laws] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [for Fishermen.]383

[By-Laws] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [for Fishermen.]

At a Court of Assistants of the Company of Free FISHERMEN of the River of Thames, &c. Held the 25th Day of Ocotber, 1689. The following By-Laws and Ordinances were ordered to be Printed and Published, to the end that all Persons concerned therein, might take care to avoid incurring the several Penalties for Breach of the same. And to be observed by all the Fishermen and Drudgermen below London-Bridge. (That is to say) from London-Bridge to Yeandall, alias Yeanlet; and the Waters of Medway, in the Counties of Kent, Essex, Middlesex, and Surrey, so far up the River of Medway, till they meet with the Liberties of the City of Rochester, and all other Places, from the North Foreland in Kent, to Harwich in Essex, and all other Waters within the Precinct aforesaid.

Imprimis, THAT no Person using the Art, Mystery, or Craft of a Fisherman, shall below London Bridge, in any of the Waters in Kent, Essex, Middlesex, and Surrey, to the Liberties of Rochester, and between the North Foreland, in the said County of Kent, and Harwich in County of Essex, use or practice Trincking, Stow-boating, Trawling, or catching of Fish, or Bait, on the Lords Day, commonly called Sunday, upon forfeiture of 20s. for every such Offence.

2. Item, That no such Person shall within the said Bounds or Limits use or imploy any Trawle-Net, that shall not be three Inches at the Head, and two Inches and a half at the Cod; and that all such Nets of such Persons that are already made, shall be taken off at threescore, and knit down to two Inches and a half, upon pain of forfeiting the Sum of 10l. And no such Persons shall henceforwards begin to fish or work upon any Trayle before the fourteenth Day of September yearly, upon the forfeiture of 30s. for every such Offence.

3. Item, That no such Person using any Season in Buying and Selling of Fish shall put out his Flag before he hath bought, upon forfeiture of 5l. for every such Offence.

4. Item, That no Net shall be drawn by any such Person between two Boats, within the Bounds and Limits aforesaid, upon forfeiture of 20s. for every such Offence.

5. Item, That no Trincke shall stand for Smelts within the Bounds and Limits aforesaid, between Good Friday and the one and twentieth Day of October, yearly. And that no such Person shall use any manner of Net for Smelts, which shall not be full two Inches in the fore part, and one Inch and a half in the second part, and in the third part (which is the Hose or Codd) Inch and quarter wet and dry, and the Hose not to exceed eleven Foot in length, and in compass sixty Meishes, and not above, and five Hoops placed a Foot and a half asunder in the Codd, the last Hoop to be placed within two Foot of the ends of the Codd, and each Hoop to be a Foot and a half over every way upright within the Hoop, and not otherwise; upon forfeiture of 10l. for every such Offence.

6. Item, That no Trinke of any such Person shall stand within the Bounds and Limits aforesaid, to fish for Smelts, any longer than from Monday Morning until Friday Night weekly, unless it shall be in Lent time, and then to stand every Day, except Lords Days, upon forfeiture of 40s. for every such Offence.

7. Item, That no Trinke of any such Person shall stand in any Birth or Turn, within the Bounds or Limits aforesaid, more than is herein after allowed; but shall stand in such several Places, and in such manner, as hereafter followeth,upon forfeiture of 20s. for every such Offence to the contrary.

That is to say,

At Blackwall Ferry, two a Breast a Front, and no more.
At Leigh Shelpe, two, and no more.
At Woolwich Shelpe, two, and no more.
At Woolwich Town, five, and no more.
At Gallions Nasse, three, and no more.
At Buswards Bush, five, and no more.
At the East and West End of Barking Shelpe, two at each place, and no more.
At Daggenham Shelpe, six, and no more.
At the Carecke, four, and no more.
At Julian Tree Jobb, three, and no more.
At Dartford Jobb, three, and no more.
At the Bite at Erith Nasse, three, and no more.
At Stakesfleet Nasse, alias Stakesend, five, and no more.
At Avely Hold, five, and no more.
At Purfleet, five, and no more.
At Grayes Thorocke, six, and no more.
At the Two Thoroughs, three, and no more.

And every Trinke to keep his true Couplement, and to stand no more in a Birth.

8. Item, That no Trinke of any such Person shall stand to fish for Whitings within the Bounds or Limits aforesaid, till Ember Week before Michaelmas yearly, and shall come no higher than Pufleet; and that the Hose of the Codd of every one of their Nets shall be full Inch and an half; and every such Person shall upon Saturday, at the Sun rising at the farthest, wash off his Net, hale up, and not return to his Labour until Monday Morning Day light, upon forfeiture of 20s. for every such Offence.

9. Item, That no Trinke shall stand to fish before any Breach Mouth, at the rising or sinking of any Mother-Fishes, or in the time of Spawn or Brood of Fish. And that every Trinke shall at all Times and Seasons take up and carry away his Anchors, at the time of his leaving off from Fishing, and not leave his said Anchor behind him to keep his Birth, upon forfeiture of 10s. for every such Offence.

10. Item, That every such Person, Owner of such Trinke, shall within the Bounds and Limits aforesaid, in every dark and foggy Night, hang forth out of his said Trinke-Boat, one Lanthorn with a sufficient Candle-light, for the better and safer Passage of Ships, Boats, and Vessels passing to and fro within the Bounds and Limits aforesaid, upon forfeiture of 20s. for every Omission thereof. And that every Trinke-Cable of every such Person used within the Bounds or Limits aforesaid, shall be no more than twenty five Fathom long at the most; or any of their Henbuilt above twenty five Fathom. And likewise shall have a Warpe of sixty Fathom, and no more, to sheer off and give way, if any Ship, Crayer, or other Vessel, shall chance to drive upon them within the Limits aforesaid, upon the like forfeiture of 20s. for every such Offence. Also, That no Trinke shall be worked without a License first obtained from the Lord Maior, or Water-Bailiff, in the manner anciently accustomed; and that all Trinke-Men shall yearly, at the Guildhall-Chappel, present themselves before the Lord Maior or Water-Bailiff, as hath been accustomed.

11. Item, That no such Person, being a Hebberman, shall within the Bounds or Limits aforesaid, fish for Smelts between Good Friday and the four and twentieth Day of August yearly; and that no such Hebberman shall fish in any Haven, Creek, Breach or Issue, within the Bounds or Limits aforesaid, with any Net of lesser assize than

two