[Acts of Com. Coun.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [for the City Beams.]421

[Acts of Com. Coun.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [for the City Beams.]

on Demand, the same shall and may be recovered by Action of Debt to be commenced and prosecuted in the Name of the Governour of the said Society for the Time being, in any of Her Majesties Courts of Record within the City of London and (the Costs of Recovering the same beong first deducted) shall be paid to the Registers and Rulers for the Benefit of the Poor of the said Society or Fellowship.

And whereas several persons do, contrary to the ancient Laws and Customs of this City, take upon them to kéep Triangles, Beams, Scales and Weights, and do thereby weigh Hops, brought to this City or Liberties of the same, or the Borough of Southwark, and there sold, and also Iron and other Goods and Merchandizes of, or belonging to Aliens, imported or brought into this City or Liberties of the same, and there sold, which by the said Laws and Customs ought to be weighed at one of the publick Beams, kept by, and belonging to the said City, to the great prejudice of the Rights of this City and of the Master-weigher or Keeper of the said Beams, and of the Sick and Maimed persons harboured in the Hospital of St. Bartholomew;

Be it Enacted, Ordained and Established, That no person whatsoever shall from henceforth kéep any Triangle, Beams, Scales and Weights, for the weighing, or shall weigh at the same, any Hops brought to this City or Liberties of the same, or the Borough of Southwark, and there sold; or any Iron, or other Goods and Merchandizes, of, or belonging to Aliens, imported or brought into this City or Liberties of the same, and there sold, and which ought to be weighed at one of the publick Beams belonging to the Ciy; every person offending herein shall forfeit and pay for every such Offence the Sum of Twenty Shillings: And if any Porter or Porters belonging to this City, shall be aiding and assisting in the weighing of any such Goods as aforesaid, that ought to be weighed at one of the publick Beams belonging to this City (not being Authorized by the Master-weigher or Supervisor of the said Beams so to do) at any other Beam then one of the said publick Beams, every such Porter offending herein, shall forfeit and pay for every such Offence the Sum of Twenty Shillings; Which last mentioned Penalties shall be recovered by Action of Debt, to be brought in one of Her Majesties Courts of Record in this City, in the Name of the Chamberlain of this City; and after Recovery, shall be applied (the Costs and Charges in recovering the same being deducted) in manner following, viz. one Moiety thereof to be paid to the Treasurer of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, for the Use of the Poor therein harboured, and the other Moiety to him or them that will first prosecute Suit for the same.

And be it further Enacted and Ordained, That if any Action shall be brought for any Penalty inflicted by this Act, and Judgment be given for the Plaintiff in such Action, the Plaintiff shall recover his Costs of Suit; and if Judgment shall be given for the Defendant in such Action, or the Plaintiff shall become Nonsuit, or discontinue his Action, in any of the said Cases the Defendant shall have Judgment to recover his Costs of Suit.
GIBSON.

And further for weighing of Goods at the City Beams, there was divers Years before.


An Act of Common Council, made the second Day of February, 1658. Ireton Maior. To enforce The Observation of the ancient Custom of the City of London, touching weighing Goods and Merchandizes at the City Beams, commonly called The King's Beams.

 

WHEREAS for the more indifferent and just weighing of Goods and Merchandizes, which use to be bought and sold by Weight, within the City of London, and the Liberties thereof, there are, and from the Time whereof the Memory of Men is not to the contrary, have been certain common Beams within the same City and Liberties, commonly called The King's Beams; at which there are, and have been, during all the Time aforesaid, certain sworn Officers attending; and who, by the Duty of their Places, have used and ought to attend, for the weighing of such Goods and Merchandizes; And whereas all such Goods and Merchandizes of all Foreigners, not being Free of the City aforesaid, which have been sold or bartered within the said City or Liberties, to any Person or Persons whatsoever, as well Freemen as others, ought, and during all the Time aforesaid, have been accustomed to be weighed at one of the said Beams, at, or before Sale or Delivery thereof: And whereas divers Foreigners of late times, not minding or regarding the good and wholesome Customs of the same City, but out of a covetous Desire, by sinister Ways and Means to promote their own Interest, have oftentimes sold and delivered such their Goods and Merchandizes within the said City, as well to Freemen of the said City, as others, by other false and unjust Weights and Beams, without weighing the same at any of the said common Beams; And the better to palliate their Offences, and avoid Suspicion, do sometime by Confederacy and Practice, with some Freemen of the said City, cause fraudulent Scales to be made of such their Goods and Merchandizes, to Freemen of the said City, before the same Goods or Merchandizes do come to the said City, or Liberties, contrary to the Oaths of such Freemen, and sometimes do mix their Goods with the Goods of other Persons that are Free of the said City, that so the distinct Property of the Foreigners may not be known from that of the Freemen; And at other times to procure Freemen to be Partners with them in such Goods and Merchandizes, who many times have but a small and inconsiderable Share therein with such Foreigners: And upon such, and other like groundless Pretences, hold themselves discharged from the Duty of weighing any such Goods at any of the said Beams; whereas in truth they are not, nor ought by any such Pretences to be at all discharged from the said Duty; For Remedy hereof, it is hereby Enacted, Ordained, and Declared, by the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of the said City of London in Common Council Assembled, and by the Authority of the same, as followeth.

Rich. Bromley.

1. That all Goods, Wares and Merchandizes, of any Person or Persons, being a Foreigner or Foreigners, and not Free of this City, of what kind soever, which use to be bought and sold by Weight, which at any time after the tenth Day of February, now next ensuing, being within the said City, or Liberties thereof, shall be sold or bartered to any Freeman, or Freemen of the said City, or to any other Person or Persons whatsoever, within the said City or Libertioes thereof, shall at, or before the Delivery thereof, to such Freeman or Freemen, or other Person or Persons,

be