[Orders and Appointments] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [for the Plague.]433

[Orders and Appointments] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [for the Plague.]

thought convenient that this Month's Pay might, by way of Loan, be supplied among the Aldermen. And in that mean Season, and upon the well proceeding therein, the Commons might be moved to the Establishment of a settled Supply for the Continnance thereof in some convenient manner. And that then after there might be a Weekly Payment of their Salary by Mr. Chamberlain, and the Aldermens Disbursements satisfied, when that Contribution should be established. It was also thought convenient that twelve fair Partizans suitably and conveniently armed, should be presently provided by the Chamberlain for this Service, at the Charge of the City; and Coats or Mandilions for the Attendants upon the Marshals.

It was also thought by the Committees, that the Name of MARSHAL, for the disordered Persons in the City of London, would be most proper, and might be best used without Offence. And this seems to have been the beginning of the Office of the City Marshal.

About the Year 1570, or within some few Years of it, the Plague was in the City. Then great care was taken for preventing the spreading of the Infection; and for hindring of idle Persons going about, that might carry it along with them. There were Orders set down by the Lord Maior and Aldermen, for taking away such Enormities, as were means not only to continue, but encrease the Plague and Disorders in the City; being taken out of Proclamations set forth by the City, and out of Artlices made and decreed for providing for the Poor, and setting them to Work.

Orders about the Plague.


ALDERMEN or there DEPUTIES.

 

1. To gyve charge to Churchewardens, Constables, Parishe Clarkes, Sextons and Bedells, to enquire what Howses be infected.

2. To visitt the Ward often to see Orders observed, especiallie towching cleannes it the Streets.

3. The Aldermen or their Deputies in there own Persons to appoint Surveyors Monethlie in everye Parishe.

4. To appoint that Certificat may be made to them, what Howses be infected.

5. To gyve charge to all Teachers of Children that (as near as they can) they permit no Children to come to there Shcoles from infected Howses, especiallie till such Howses have bene clere by the space of xxviij Daies, and that none kepe a greater Number then their Roomes shall be thought fit by the Aldermen or theire Deputies to conteyne.


SURVEYOURS.

 

1. To see the Orders for the Sick executed daylie and diligentlie, upon knowledge from the Aldermen what Howses be infected.

2. To appoint Purveyors of Necessaries for infected Howses (being of the same Howses) and deliver them reed Roddes to carrie, and see that none other resorte to there Howses.


CONSTABLES.

 

1. To bring every Daie notice in writing to the Aldermen or theire Deputies, what Howses be infected.


CONSTABLE and CHURCHWARDEN.

 

1. To provide to have in readiness Women to be Provyders and Deliverers of Necessaries to infected Howses, and to attend the infected Persons, and they to bear reed Wandes, so that the sick maie be kept from the whole, as nere as maie be, needful Attendance weyed.


CONSTABLE and BEDELL.

 

1. To enquire what Howses be infected.

2. To view dailie what Papers remayne upon Dores xxviij daies, or to place newe.


CLARKES and SEXTONS.

 

1. To understand what Howses be infected.

2. To see Bills sett upon the Dores of Howses infected.

3. To suffer no Corpes infected to be buried or remayne in the Churche, duringe Prayer or Sermon, and to kepe Children from coming nere them.


SKAVENGERS and RAKERS.

 

1. To see the Streets made cleane every daie, saving Sonday, and the Soil to be carried awaie.

2. To warne all Inhabitants against their Howses, to kepe Channells clere from Fylth (by onlie turning yt asyde) that the Water may have Passage.


COMMON HUNT.

 

1. To kyll Doggs, &c. or to loose his Place.


HOWSHOLDERS and HOWSES.

 

1. Howses having some sicke, though none die, or from whence some sicke have bene removed, are infected Houses, and such are to be shutt upp for a Moneth.

2. The whole Familie to tarrie in xxviij Daies.

3. To kepe shut the lower Romes for the like space.

4. One licensed to go for Provision, &c.

5. No Clothes hanged into the Streets.

6. Such as have Wells or Pumpes, every Morning by six, and every Evening after eight a Clocke, shall cause ten Bucketts full to runne into the Streets.

7. Every Evening at that Howse, the Streets and Channells to be made cleane, the Water not swept out of the Channell, nor the Streets over wet, but sprinkled, &c.

8. The Howses infected and things in them to be ayred in the xxviij Daies, and no Clothes or Things about the infected Persons to be geven awaie, or sould, but either destroyed or sufficientlie purified.

9. Owners of Houses infected, with theire Familie, maie within the Moneth, depart to any theire Houses in the Country, or to any other House in the Cittye, without being shutt upp; so they absteyne from retourning to the Cyttye, or frome going abrode out of the House in the Cyttye, for a Moneth.

10. None shall kepe Dogge or Bitche abrode unled, nor within howling or disturbing theire Neighbours.

11. To have no Assemblie at Funeral Dynners, or usual Meting in Houses infected.

12. None shall for a Moneth come into infected Houses, but such as be of the House, and licensed to do service abrode.

13. No Donghills out of Stables, Bearehouses, or other Places, to be made in the Strete.

14. To have dowble tyme of restraint for consenting to pull downe Bills, and the taker awaie suffer Imprisonment for viij Daies.     
Two Vewers of dead Bodies,     
Two Vewers of sick suspected,
shall be appointed and sworne.

Those