[The Queen's Orders] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [during her Progress.]434

[The Queen's Orders] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [during her Progress.]

These Vewers to reporte to the Constable, he to the Clarke, and he to the Chiefe of Clark. All upon pain of Imprisonment. A paine of standing on the Pillorye for false Reports, by the Vewers. A loss of Pension to such as shall refuse.

Mending of Pavements.


That dilgent care to be had, that Pavements be amended, where nede is: and that principall Paviers be appointed to Survey the Wants of Paving, especially in Channells, and that the Dwellers against such may be forced to amend them.

Interludes and Plaies.


If the increase of the Sickness be feared, that Interludes and Plaies be restreyned within the Libertyes of the Cyttye.



That skilful and learned Phisicions and Chirurgeons maie be provided to minister to the Sick.

Vagrant, Maisterles, and Poore People.


1. That all such as be diseased be sent to St. Thomas or St. Bartholomewes Hospital, there to be first cured and made cleane; and afterwards, those which be not of the Cyttye, to be sent awaie according to the Statute in that case provided; and the other to be sett to Worke in such Trades as are lest used by the Inhabitants of the Cyttye, for the avoyding all such Vagrant Persons, as well Children Male and Female; Soldiers lame and maymed, as other idle and loytering Persons that swarme in the Streets, and wander upp and downe begging, to the great danger and infecting of the Cyttye, for th'increase of the Plague, and annoyance to the same.

2. That all Maisterlesse Men who live idelie in the Cyttye, without any lawfull Calling, frequenting Places of common Assemblies, as Interludes, gaming Howses, Cockpitts, Bowling-Allies, and such other Places, maie be banished the Cyttye, according to the Lawes in that case provyded.

All which Orders abovesaid, the Aldermen and there Deputies are every one in their Place to see performed, both in them selves and others, and in cases of doubt, to yield their Opinions, and gyve Direction.

THE Queen in the Year 1572, being ready to go her Progress, took care of the City, and gave the Lord Maior special Charge to look after his Government; and joyned with him, to devise by all good means, for the quiet Order to be continued, both in the City and Places adjoyning, the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of London and others: and wrote to him this Letter following in the Month of July.

The Queen's Order to the Maior in the time of her Progress.

To the LORD MAIOR of London.


"RIght Trusty and Well-beloved, We grete you well. Altho' we doubt not, but that by the Authority you have as Lord Maior of our City of London, with the Assistance and Advices of your Brethren of the same, you may and will see our said City well governed, and our good and faithful Subjects ordered and continued in Quietness, as other your Predecessors, and your Self have commonly done: Yet, for the special Care We have for our said City, and Weale of our good Subjects, thinking it convenient for your own Ease, to have you assisted by other Persons of great Trust, Wisdom and Experience, during this Time of our Progress and Absence in remote Parts from thence; and especially that no Disorder should arise in the Suburbs, or other Places adjoyning to the City, out of your Jurisdiction: We have for that purpose made choice of the most Reverend Father in God the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of London, L. Wentworth, Sr. Anthony Cook, Sir. Tho. Wroth, Sir. Owyn Hopton, Sir Tho. Gressham, Dr. Wylson, and Tho. Wilbraham: And have appointed that they, or some convenient Nomber of them, shall join with you, or devise, by all good means, from time to time, as Occasions may give Cause, for quiet Order to be continued in our said City, and among our Subjects, and to prevent and stay Disorders, both there and in other Parts near to the same, being out of your Jurisdiction. For which Purpose, and for the better Understanding of our Desire and Intention, We have caused our Privy Council to confer with some of the aforenamed Persons, as you shall undertand by them. Willing and requiring you (when you shall meet together, or some of them with you) for the better doing thereof, to agree upon some certain Place and Time, once every Week or oftener, as the Cases may require. And their to meet for the due Execution of our good Meaning and Pleasure."

About this time a great Abuse prevailed in London; which was, That the worst sort of People, and other Evil-Doers in this City, became emboldened in their Wickedness by this means; that when any of them was committed to Prison by the Maior, Sheriffs or Aldermen, for any Disobedience, Contempt, leud Living or other Misdemeanors, they forthwith obtained Writs of Habeas Corpus, whereby they discharged themselves out of Prison. So as these Magistrates could not do execution of Justice upon them, to the great encouragement of Malefactors, and contempt of Authority. Therefore in the Year 1572, and in the Month of November, Sir Lionel Ducket Maior, by a Letter, moved the Lord Treasurer, to be a Means to the Queen's Justices, that the same Writs might not be so common, unless it were in Cases depending in Suit betwixt Party and Party in the Courts of this City: Whereby Justice should be better and more speedily executed, to the terror of the Leud, and the comfort of the Queen's good and honest Subject, and to the Quietness and good Order of the City.

Writs of Habeas Corpus abused.

Great Housekeeping and Feasting, as it was anciently used in London, so the Custom continued down all along Q. Elizabeth's Reign, especially among the Companies, and at the Chief Magistrates Tables. There was excessive spending of Venison, as well other Victuals in the Halls. Nay, and a great consumption of Venison there was frequently at Taverns and Cook's Shops; insomuch that the Court was much offended with it. Whereupon Anno 1573, that the City might not continue to give the Queen and Nobility Offence, the Lord Maior, Sir Lionel Ducket, and Aldermen had, by Act of Common Council, forbidden such Feasts hereafter to be made, and restrained the same only to necessary Meetings: in which also no Venison was permitted. And because they found great Expence of Venison to have been in Taverns and Cook's Houses, and withal very many great Enormities, by reason of Drunkenness, seditious Rumours, unthrifty Assemblies, Incontinence, and other Evil to grow of inordinate resorting to Taverns and Tippling Houses, especially for the meaner sort, they restrained drinking and eating in such Houses. And the Maior sending this Act to the Lord Treasurer,

Venison forbid by Act of Common Council.