[Orders for Tumults] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [of Apprentices, &c.]444

[Orders for Tumults] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [of Apprentices, &c.]

"other as wander abroad, as Beggars, being able to Work, and having no lawful Means whereby to live, to be taken and punished as Rogues, according to the Laws in that behalf provided."

"And further, to suffer no Soldier that pretendeth to have been hurt and maimed in her Majesty's Service, to whom Relief hath been given as aforesaid; or any other pretending himself to have been a Soldier, and not thought worthy to be partaker of the Relief lately given, to continue near, or about the Cities of London or Westminster, the Borough of Southwark, or in any other Places within three Miles of the said Cities or Borough; but to be compelled likewise to depart to the Counties where they were born, there to receive convenient Maintenance."

"And these Ordinances conformable to the Laws of the Realm, the Lord Maior of the City of London, and all other Officers to whom it shall belong, within the Limits aforesaid, are to see duly and speedily executed, and the Offenders punished, as they will answer to the contrary at their Peril. At the Court of St. James's, the 17th of April, An. Dom. 1593."

Jo. Puckring. C.S. W. Burghley, Essex.
C. Howard. Hunsdon. T. Heneage.
Ro. Cecill. J. Fortescue.

Printed and Published, and set up from the foresaid Lords of her Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council.
William Rowe Maior.

Great Crowds and Routs of the baser sort of People, whereof the City Apprentices made a great part, would sometimes get together, and make dangerous Disturbances, and use much Violence, such Assemblies as we in these Days call Mobbs. These were to be checked. Which caused the Queen in the Year 1595, to issue out a Proclamation, For staying of all unlawful Assemblies in and about the City of London, and for Orders to punish the same. The Purport whereof was,

Mobbs.

"That the Queen was informed of sundry great Disorders committed in and about her City of London, by unlawful great Assemblies of Multitudes of a popular sort of base Condition, whereof some were Apprentices and Servants to Artificers; and to such like as are not able, or not disposed to rule their Servants, as they ought to do. And some attempting to rescue out of the Hands of publick Officers, such as have been lawfully Arrested; whereby her Majesty's Peace hath been of late notably broken, to the Dishonour of her Majesty's Government: And chiefly for lack of due Correction in time of such manifest Offenders, by the Officers of her City, and others in places round about it."

Disorders by unlawful Assemblies of Apprentices and others, forbidden.

"For Reformation whereof, she had Conference with her Council, of the most ready means for their Punishment, and for the stay of the like. And for that purpose straightly charged all her Officers, both in the City and Places near it, in the Counties of Middlesex, Kent, Surry and Essex, that had Authority to preserve the Peace, and to punish Offenders, that they should more diligently to the best of their Powers, see to the Suppression of all such Offenders, and especially of all such unlawful Assemblies."

"And because such Assemblies and Routs were compounded of sundry sorts of base People, some known Apprentices, such as were of base manual Occupations; some others, wandring idle Persons of Condition, Rogues and Vagabonds: And some colouring their wandring by the Name of Soldiers returning from the Wars, &c. Therefore she had notifyed her Pleasure to her Council, to prescribe certain Orders to be published in and about the said City, which she would have straightly observed: And for that purpose, that she meant to have a Provost Marshal, with sufficient Authority to apprehend all such as should not be readily reformed and corrected by the ordinary Officers of Justice, and them without delay to execute upon the Gallows by order of Martial Law: At our Manor of Greenwich the 4th of July, 1595. in the 37th Year of our Reign." Here follows

A Provost-Marshal to be appointed to curb these Routs.

The Orders prescribed by her Majesty's Command by the Advice of her Council. Published in London, and other Places near the same, for the observation of her Majesty's Proclamation.

"THAT no Person but such as were Officers for Preservation of the Peace, or such as shall assist them, or such as were of known honest Conversation, do walk up and down in the Streets or Fields after Sunset, or Nine of the Clock at Night, upon pain to be apprehended and committed to Prison."

Orders set forth against Tumults.

"That no Persons, except publick Officers, assemble themselves in any Company at any time, in any place other than in Churches for Prayers or Sermons, or for appearance afore Officers of Justice, or by their Commandment, or in the common Halls of Companies upon pain, &c."

"That no Housholder, or any Person that keepeth Inns, or Lodging for any Stranger, do suffer their Servants or their Guests, being not Gentlemen, or others of good Value or Conversation, to go out of their Houses in the Evening after Nine of the Clock, upon pain to be Imprisoned; or if they cannot restrain them, to inform presently the Constable, &c."

"That no Person do write, or be privy to any seditious Bills, to be dispersed or set up, upon pain to be executed by Martial Law. And if any come to the knowledge of any such Person that hath written, or set up, or dispersed any such seditious Bill, and will reveal the same, and the Party taken, the Revealer shall have 20l. or a better Reward."

"All Persons that are not known to be Servants to the Queens Majesty's House, or not ordinarily pertaining to any Lord or Gentleman, and do wander abroad, either in the Name of Soldiers, or that seek Service, or do come as Suitors to her Majesty, or to any of her Officers for Suits of Law, shall present themselves to certain Persons of Judgment hereafter named, that were appointed by the Council to examine their Condition. According whereto they shall be directed how to leave their wandring. Or, if they be such, to be received, or retained in Service, or come as Suitors to any common, or to any publick Officer, they shall be so provided for, as their Cases shall require, and not to be suffered to wander abroad, to the Offence or Terror of other good quiet People, that have cause to travel by the Highways for their lawful Business."

"That all Persons that shall be Arrested by any Officer lawfully Authorized, shall obey the same Officer; and if any shall make Resistance, every other Person being present, and required by the Officer to assist him, shall so do to the best of his Power, upon pain to committed to the same Place where the Party that did disobey ought to be. And if any Person shall attempt to aid the Party that should be Arrested, to be Rescued, such Person, and all that shall accompany him, shall be apprehended, and"

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