The City of WESTMINSTER.2

The City of WESTMINSTER.

NOW touching this City of Westminster, I will begin at Temple-bar, on the right Hand or North Side, and so pass up West, thro' a back Lane or Street, wherein do stand three Inns of Chancery. The First called Clement's-Inn, because it standeth near to St. Clement's Church; but nearer to the fair Fountain, called Clement's-Well. The second is New Inn, so called, as latelier made (of a common Hostery, and the Sign of our Lady) an Inn of Chancery, for Students than the other, namely, about the Beginning of the Reign of Henry VII, and not so late as some have supposed, to wit, at the pulling down of Strand Inn, in the Reign of King Edward VI. For I read, that Sir Thomas More, sometime Lord Chancellor, was a Student in this New Inn, and went from thence to Lincoln's-Inn, &c.

Clement's-Inn of Chancery.

Clement's-Well.

New-Inn of Chancery.

Sir Tho. More studied there.

The third is Lyons Inn, and an Inn of Chancery also.

Lyon's-Inn of Chancery.

This Street stretcheth up unto Drury lane, so called, for that there is a House belonging to the Family of the Druries. This Lane turneth North toward St. Giles in the Field. From the South End of this Lane in the High-street, are divers fair Buildings, Hosteries, and Houses for Gentlemen, and Men of Honour; amonst the which Cecil-House is one, which sometime belonged to the Parson of St.Martin's in the Field, and by Composition came to Sir Thomas Palmer, Kt. in the Reign of Edward VI, who began to build the same of Brick and Timber, very large and spacious. But of late Time it hath been far more beautifully increased by the late Sir William Cecil, Baron of Burghley, Lord Treasurer, and great Counsellor of the Estate of England.

Drury-Lane.

Cecil-House.

From thence is now a continual new Building of divers fair Houses, even up to the Earl of Bedford's House, which is a goodly House, lately built nigh to Ivy-Bridge. Over-against the old Bedford-House, namely, called Russel-House, and Dacres-House, now the House of Sir Thomas Cecil, Lord Burghley. And so on the North Side to a Lane that turneth to the Parish-Church of St. Martin in the Fields, and stretcheth to St. Giles on the Fields. Then had ye the Chapel of our Lady, called, The Pew, with an House, wherein sometime were distraught and lunatick People: [Of what Antiquity founded, or by whom, I have not read, neither of the Suppression; but it was said, that sometime a King of England, not liking such a kind of People to remain so near his Palace, caused them to be removed farther off, to Bethlem without Bishopsgate of London, and to that Hospital the said House by Charing-Cross doth yet remain.

Bedford-House.

First Edit.

First Edit.

Chapel of our Lady the Pew.

An House belonging to Bethlem.

Amongst other Things of this Chapel, I have read, that on the 17th of February, in the Year of Christ 1452. by Negligence of a Scholar appointed by his School-master to put forth the Lights of this Chapel, the Image of our Lady, richly decked with Jewels, precious Stones, Pearls, and Rings, (more than any Jeweller could judge the Price, for so saith mine Author) was, with all this Apparel, Ornaments, and Chapel itself, burnt. [But Stow, in his Second Edition, chooseth to place this Chapel elsewhere, viz. near St. Stephen's.]

Chapel of our Lady, the Pew, burnt.

First Edit.

John Pigot.

Then is the Mewse, so call'd of the King's Faulcons there kept by the King's Faulconer, which of old Time was an Officer of great Account, as appeareth by a Record of Richard the Second, in the first Year of his Reign. For, Sir Simon Burley, Kt. was made Constable for the Castles of Windsor, Wigmore, and Guilford, and of the Manor of Kennington, and also Master of the King's Faulcons at his Mewse, near unto Charing-Cross by Westminster. Of later Time K. Henry the Eighth having fair Stabling there for Horses, in the Year, 1534, the 28th of his Reign, it was burned, with many great Horses and much Hay therein. But it was again re-edifyed in the Reigns of K. Edward the Sixth, and Q. Mary. And this is the farthest Building West on the North Side of that high Street.

The Mewse by Charing-Cross.

The Mewse for the King's Horses burned.

J. S.

Thus I restore it according to Stow's 1st Edition: But altered in the 2d in these Words: "In the Year of Christ 1534, 28. H. 8. the King having fair Stabling at Lomsbury, (a Manour in the farthest West Part of Oldboorne) the same was fired and burnt, with many great Horses, and great Store of Hay. After which Time, the fore-named House, call'd the Mewse, was new builded, and prepared for Stabling of the King's Horses, in the Reign of Edward the Sixth and Mary; and so remaineth to that Use."

On the South Side of the which Street, in the Liberties of Westminster, (beginning at Ivie Bridge) first is Durham-House, builded by Thomas de Hatfield, Bishop of Durham, who was made Bishop of that See in the Year 1345, and sate Bishop there 36 Years.

The Bishop of Durham's House.

Manerium, sive Hospitium Episcopale, Londoniæ cum Capella & Cameris, sumptuosissimè construxit. This Bishop died An. 1381, May the 8th, at his Manour near London, called Alford, probably Aldford; that Place, near Stratford le-Bow, now called Oldford.

Will. de Chambre M.S. Bodl. Libr. Oxon.

J. S.

Thus writeth Sir Henry Spelman of this Durham-House, that Bishop Tonstal, about the 26 H. 8. conveyed the same to the King in Fee. And that King, in Recompence thereof, granted to the See of Durahm, Coldharborough, and other Houses in London. And after, K. Edward the Sixth, about the second Year of his Reign, granted Durham-House to the Lady Elizabeth, his Sister, for Life, or until she were otherwise advanced. Afterwards, the Bishoprick of Durahm, by a private Act 7. Edw. 6. was dissolved, and all the Possessions thereof given to K. Edward the Sixth, who shortly after conveyed in Fee the said Bishop's late House at Coldharborough, and other Houses in London, to Francis, Earl of Shrewsbury, and his Heirs. Soon after, 2 Mar. ca. 3. the Statute of 7. Edw. 6. for dissolving that Bishoprick was repealed; but, by a Proviso, the Manison-House of Coldharborough, &c. so granted to the said Earl, was confirmed to him. And the Bishop, by that Act, prayed a Recompence from the Queen, at his Charge. Whereupon, Queen Mary, about the fifith or sixth Year of her Reign, granted to the said Bishop of Durham her Reversion of Durham-Place, in Succession. Which coming into Possession by the Death of Queen Elizabeth, the Bishop of Durham that then was, (afterward Archbishop of York, viz. Toby Matthew) entered into and enjoyed the same in the Right of his See, by Opinion of the L. Chief Justices of the Land, referred by the King, being opposed by Sir Walter Rawleigh. And so did the Bishop of Durham that succeeded him.]

Case of Durham-House.

Reliquiæ Spelmannian.

Bp Durham's Case.

Amongst Matters memorable concerning this House, this is one: In the Year of Christ 1540, the 32 of Henry the Eighth, on May Day, a great and triumphant Justing was holden at Westminster, which had been formerly proclaimed in France, Flanders, Scotland, and Spain, for all Comers, that would undertake the Challengers of England, which were, Sir John Dudley, Sir Thomas Seymor, Sir Thomas Ponings, and Sir George Carew, Knights, and Anthony Kingston, and Richard Crumwel, Esquires. All which cake into the Lists that Day richly apparelled, and their Horses trapped all in White Velvet; there came against them the said Day 46 Defendants, or Undertakers, viz. the Earl of Surrey foremost, Lord William Howard, Lord Clinton, and Lord Cromwell, Son and Heir to Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex, and Chamberlain of England, with other; and that Day, after the Justs were performed, the Challengers rode unto this Durham-House, where they kept open Household, and

Justing Feast at Durham-House.

feasted