The City of WESTMINSTER.12

The City of WESTMINSTER.

Twelve Almose Men of her Majesty's Foundation are bound to be resident, and in the Church daily at Service, according to her Majesty's Order.

Every Sunday in the Year there is fourty Mess of Meat to fourty poor Housholds of the Parish, by the Oversight of the Chaunter of the Church; every Mess being allowed, two in Flesh or Fish, a Penny Loaf, and a Penny in Money.

Every Saturday the Dean, or one of the Prebendaries, whose Course is to be Resident, after the several Morning Prayers be ended, do call before them the Ministers of the Church, and the Clerks of the Quire, the twelve Alms-men, and whom other they see Cause. And then the Chaunter of the Church, in the Books of Perditions, doth shew the Default of such as were absent, or negligent in the Week before.

Dr. Byll did appoint two Square Tables and one Mess to either of them; the one for himself, or whom he would call unto him. The ordinary Allowance for the same, for himself, and ten of his Men, was twenty eight Shillings. The Extraordinary, as Occasion served, he did farther allow. The other Table to serve the four Prebendaries, whose Course it was to be Resident, and they to bear each one for himself and his Man, seven Shillings a Week: But shortly after, by Decree in Chapter, it was encreased; so that every Prebendary was to allow for himself and his Man, in his Course of Residence, weekly ten Shillings in toto; for four, fourty Shillings.

The Diet.

In Dr. Goodman's Time, for the Ease of Charge, he and the four Residentiaries joined together at one Table, having one full Mess, and sometimes more, as Occasion required; he allowing thereunto his ordinary Portion, and the Residentiaries theirs.

The Detriments are born by the College, where there be some special Occasion of some special Allowance.

The School-master, and such as be Officers, are allowed at the same Table.

The Scholars do dine and sup in the Hall by the Dean and Prebendaries, and be allowed according to their Rates, having a several Buttry, or Pantry, and Cellar by themselves.

The Servants likewise in the Hall, having the Reversion of the Masters, and special Allowance for those which are the College Servants, and necessary Officers, according to a certain Proportion.

Every Week commonly, upon the Saturday after Dinner, the Charges of the Week past is cast by the Dean or Prebendaries that be present, and the Steward.

The weekly Charges of Masters and Servants are kept in one Book. The Scholars Charges in a several Book by themselves.

The Dean hath a general Charge of all. The Sub-dean under the Dean, to oversee the good Order of the Church and House. The Archdeacon hath to do with the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, and such Causes, either by himself, or by the Official.

The Government, or Charge.

The Treasurer, one in likewise of the Prebendaries, receiveth of the Receiver what is convenient for all Charges.

The Steward of the Houshold, who is also a Prebendary, receiveth of the Treasurer, or General Receiver, and layeth out for the necessary Charges of the House, in Diet, or other Provisions.

Under him is an Under Steward, and the Clerk of the Kitchin, and other Officers.

Once a Year, the General Receiver, Treasurer, Steward, and all other Accomptants, and Under Officers, make their Accompt unto the Auditor.

There be two Teachers, the School-master and the Usher of the School. The Scholars of the Grammar be in number Fourty, elected both into the House, and from the House to the University, according to a special Statute from her Highness.

The Grammar School.

The Scholars, for their Prayers in Church, School, or Chamber, for their Teaching, for their Diet in the Hall, and lodging in one Chamber, and for all other Orders, are served as they were in Dr. Byll's Time, and as was appouinted by him in special Statutes, very like the Orders used in Eton and Winchester Schools.

The Master of the Singing Boys hath his House and other due Allowances for himself and ten Children, whom he is charged to bring up in Song, for the daily Service of the Church.

The Song-School.

This was drawn up by the Hand of Goodman the Dean himself, for the Use of the Lord Treasurer, Anno 1577, in Order to a Reformation of some Things in this College.

This Dean sued to the Queen, for the better Government of this College, to confirm the Statutes, drawn and devised for it by Dr. Bill, the first Dean, and the Queen's High Almoner: Whereupon, she ordered her Learned Council to peruse those Statutes, and make them ready to the Signature. And this was under the Hand of Dr. Cesar, Master of Request, who moved this Petition. Dr. Goodman likewise imparted the same Book of Statutes to the Archbishop of Canterbury, who perused them. He also signified his Meaning to proceed herein to the Prebendaries: But some of them seemed better to like the then present Govenment, which was partly according to those Statutes, and partly ordered by Decrees and Discretion. But the Dean's Opinion was, That Statutes confirmed to govern, and to be governed by , was a more certain Rule of Govenment, and more beneficial to Posterity. All this hath been transcribed by me from the said Dean's own Wiritings.]

The Statutes for this College.

Of the Kings and Queens crowned in this Church, William, Sirnamed Conqueror, and Matilda his Wife, were the first. And since them, all other Kings and Queens of this Realm have been there crowned.

Kings and Queens crowned at Westminster.

The Coronation is always perfomed by some one of the Bishops; most commonly by the Metropolitan himself, unless there be some Impediment. The Bishop of Winchester crowned Queen Mary I. because the Archbishop was at that Time cast into Prison. And the Bishop of Carlile crowned Queen Elizabeth, the Archbishop of Canterbury being then dead. But the Venerable Archbishop Whitgift crowned King James I, and Queen Anne his Royal Consort. Part of the Coronation was by him thus performed, (according to the ancient Custom of England) after the Sermon, the King coming to the Altar, the Archbishop ministred these Questions, and the King answereth them.

The Manner of the Coronation of the Kings and Queens of England.

J. S.

Coronat. King James I. printed 1685.

Archbishop. Sir, will you graunt and keep, and by your Oath perform to the People of England the Law and Customs to them granted by the Kings of England, your lawful and religious Predecessors; and namely, the Laws, Customs, and Franchises granted to the Clergy by the glorious King S. Edward your Predecessor, according to the Laws of God, the true Profession of the Gospel established in this Kingdom, agreeable to the Prerogative of the Kings thereof, and the ancient Custom of this Realm?

King. I grant and promise to keep them.

Archb. Sir, will you keep Peace and godly Agreement, according to your Power, both to

God,