The PALACE.47

The PALACE.

Next to the famous Monstaery of St. Peter, is the King's principal Palace.

The Grandeur of the Royal British Court and Palace may appear in the Quality as well as the Number of the Officers and Persons, Ecclesiastical, Civil and Military, belonging unto it, viz. A Lord High Almoner, a Dean of the Royal Chapel, a Clerk of the Closet, Chaplains in Ordinary, 48, four waiting each Month in their Turns. Lords and others of his Majesty's Privy Council: To which belong several Clerks, ordinary and extraordinary, Lord High Steward of his Majesty's Houshold. Treasurer of the Houshold. Comptroller of the Houshold. Cofferer. Master of the Houshold. Clerks of the Green Cloth, 2. Clerks Comptrollers, 2. Knight Marhsal. Serjeant Porter. Lord Chamberlain of the Houshold. ViceChamberlain. Secretary to the Chamberlain. Clerk to the Lord Chamberlain. Lords of the Bed-chamber. Groom of the Stole, the first Gentleman of the Bed-chamber. Grooms of the Bed-chamber. Pages of the Back Stairs. Cup-bearers. Four Carvers. Four Gentlemen Sewers. Gentlemen Ushers. Daily Waiters. Grooms of the Privy Chambers. Gentlemen Ushers. Quarter Waiters. Yeomen of the removing Wardrobe. Clerks of the Wardrobe. Master of the Robes. Treasurer of the Chamber. Master of the Jewel-House. Historiographer. Poet Laureat. Principal Painter. Surveyer of the Royal Gardens and Waterworks. Keeper of the Library. Master of the Ceremonies. Assistant Master and Marshal. Groom-Porter. Master of the Revels. Master of the Tennis Court. Knight Harbinger. Master of the Musick. Physicians in Ordinary. Apothecary to the Person. Apothecary to the House. Serjeant Surgeons. Surgeons to the House. Chief Justice in Eyre North of Trent. Chief Justice in Eyre South of Trent. Chief Ranger of St. James's Park. Chief Ranger of Hyde Park. Out Ranger of Windsor Forest. Keepers of Windsor Park, great and little; Greenwich Park., Hampton-Court Park, New Forest, and Sherwood Forest. Surveyor General of his Majesty's Houses, Castles, Lordships, &c. Surveyor of his Works. Paymaster of the Works. Comptroller of the Works. Housekeepers at Whitehall, Windsor, Newmarket, Palace of Westminster, St. James's, Hampton-Court, Kensington. Servants to the King in Way of Trade, Goldsmith, Jeweller, Serjeant, Painter, Perfumer, Hatter, Druggist, Distiller, Perspective and Optick Glass-maker, Master Bricklayer, Locksmith, Printer, Bookseller, Binder and Stationer, Watch and Clock-maker, Joyner of the Privy -chamber. Commissioner for executing the Office of Master of the Horse. Gentleman of the Horse. Equeries. Master of the great Wardrobe. His Deputy. Captain of the Band of Genlemen Pensioners. Lieutenant. Standard Bearer. Clerk of the Check. Paymaster. Gentleman Harbinger. Ensign. Principal Secretaries of State, 3. Under Secretaries, 5. Lord Keeper of the Privy-Seal. Clerks of the Privy-Seal. Clerks of the Signet. Commissioners of the Treasury. Secretaries of the Teasury. Chief Clerks. Solicitor of the Treasury. Chancellor, and Under-Treasurer of the Exchequer. Auditor. His Deputy. Clerk of the Pells. Tellers of the Exchequer. All these are Officers of the King's principal Palace, which was anciently situate in Westminster.]

The Palace.

Officers of the King's Court.

J. S.

Of what Antiquity, it is uncertain: But Edward the Confessor held his Court here, as may appear by the Testimony of sundry; and namely, of Ingulphus, as I have before told you. The said King had his Palace, and for the most Part remained there; where he also ended his Life, and was buried in the Monastery which he had builded. It is not to be doubted, but that King William the First, as he was crowned there, so he builded much at this Palace, for he found it far inferiour to the building of Princely Palaces in France.

And it is manifest, by the Testimony of many Authors, that William Rufus builded the great Hall there, about the Year of Christ 1097. Amongst others, Roger de Windover and Mathew Paris do write, that King William, being return'd out of Normandy into England, kept his Feast of Whitsontide very Royally at Westminster, in the new Hall which he had lately builded; the Length whereof (say some) was 270 Foot, and seventy four Foot in Breadth. And when he heard Men say, that this Hall was too great, he answered and said: This Hall is not big enough by the one Half, and is but a Bed-chamber, in Comparison of that I mean to make.

Great Hall at Westminster.

Mathew Paris.

Liber Woodbridge.

A diligent Searcher (saith Mathew Paris) might find out the Foundation of the Hall which he had supposed to have builded stretching from the River of Thames, even to the common Highway.

This Palace was repaired about the Year 1163, by Thomas Becket, Chancellor of England, with exceeding great Celerity and Speed, which before was ready to have fallen down.

Palace repaired. W. Fitz-Stephen.

It seems to have gone to Decay in the Times of K. Edward the Fourth. For I find King Richard the Third began to set upon the Repairs of it. He gave forth an Order to Thomas Tirrel, Keeper of the Park of Wildegolet, within Essex, to suffer no Manner of Person to bezil or purloin, or carry away out of the said Park, any Timber, Boards, Laths, Shingles, or any other Stuff, ordained for the Works at Westminster, and other Places; but suffer such as they should send thither, to fell and carry away as much Stuff as they shall think behoveful for the said Work, Anno 2do, 16. March. Westminst.]

Repaired again in the Reign of K. R. 3.

J. S.

Ledger-Book of K. R. 3.

Harlian Libr:

This hath been the princpal Seat and Palace of all the Kings of England since the Conquest; for here have they in the great Hall kept their Feasts, of Coronation especially; and other solemn Feasts, as at Christmas, and such like, most commonly. For Proof whereof, I find recorded, that in the Year 1236, and the twentieth of Henry the Third, on the 29. of December, William de Haverhull, the King's Treasurer, is commanded, that upon the Day of the Circumcision of our Lord, he should cause 6000 poor People to be fed at Westminster, for the State of theKing, the Queen, and their Children. The weak and aged to be placed in the great Hall; and in the lesser those that were more strong and in reasonable Plight. The Children, in the King's and Queen's Chambers: And when the King knoweth the Charge, he would allow it in the Accounts.

Record Tower.

The Use of great Halls was to feed the Poor.

In the Year 1238, the same King Henry kept his Feast of Christmas at Westminster in the great Hall. So did he in the Year 1241, where he placed the Legate in the most honourable Place of the Table, to wit, in the Midst, which the Noblemen took in evil Part.

Great Feasts in Westminster Hall.

Mat. Paris.

The King sate on the right Hand, and the Archbishop on the left; and then all the Prelates and Nobles, according to their Estates; for the King himself did set the Guests.

The Year 1242, he likewise kept his Christmas in the Hall, &c.

Also in the Year 1243, Richard Earl of Cornwall, the King's Brother, married Cincia, Daughter to Beatrice, Countess of Provence, and kept his Marriage Feast in the great Hall of Westminster, with great Royalty and Company of Noblemen; insomuch, that there were told (triginta Millia) 30000 Dishes of Meats at that Dinner.

In