St. James's Parish.83

St. James's Parish.

"to worship God in this Place, other Doctrines, indeed, began to be taught pretty freely about you; and you could not but fear, as the whole Nation justly did, the Suppression of the Truth of the Gospel, how well soever established by the Laws of the Realm. But as it pleased God to support and quicken the Vigilance and Care of that wise and good Pastor, who then minstred to you, and in a little Time to disperse that Cloud which was just breaking upon you; so he hath, by his Providence, continued the Preaching of the same Form of sound Words, through the Labours of those that have since been employed in this Vinyard."

And how commendably this People had behaved themselves with respect to Piety and good Order, by being constituted into a Parish, and having Christian Offices regularly ministred among them, the said Reverend Father took Notice of, in the same Discourse to them, in these Words: "The numerous and orderly Assemblies on the Returns of these Days, and those Multitudes, that, without Superstition or Tumult, every Month crowd up to the Altar; the good Congregations there are at all the four Courses of the daily Prayers; the Encouragement that is given by those who are advanced in Knowledge and Years, to the Catechizing of Children, by a greater Appearance than ordinary on the Days of that Exercise; the Calling for more Opportunities of Worship, which has added a Course to the daily Service in one Part of the Parish, * and occasioned the opening of a new Chapel in another. † The kind Unanimity with which the Parochial Business hath been dispatched, and the great Peace that is preserved by that Means: In a Word, that Charity which hath influenced all, and particularly shewn it self in so liberal a Distribution to the Necessities of the Saints, and the Care of their poor Children; as to encourage an Addition to the Number of those that were formerly taught; are, to me, so many Marks of your professed Subjection to the Gospel of Christ.]"

*King-street Chapel.


This Church fronts St. James's Square on the South, and hath a Passage into Pickadilly through Church Lane, newly built, with a Freestone Pavement. There is a small Place called Cock Court. To this Church there is a large Church-Yard, with a Pair of Gates into Pickadilly. This Street is replenished with good Buildings, especially betwixt the Church and St. James's-street; and is a Place well resorted unto by Gentry.

Church Lane.

Cock Court.

R. B.

In one of these Houses lived Sir Joseph Williamson, [some Time Secretary of State, and much employed in Embassies by the Princes of this Land. And who, by his last Will, left liberal and noble Legacies to Queen's College, Oxon. And to the City of Rochester, where he founded a Free School for teaching Children Navigation, (the diligent Master thereof now is Mr. Colson) and well endowed it.]

Sir Jos. Williamson.

J. S.

It hath a Passage into Pickadilly, through Duke-street, Eagle-street, and Fleece Yard; besides another at Watt's Coffee-house against the Market.

York-street comes out of St. James's Square, and runs up to the Church; a broad Street, but the greatest Part is taken up by the Garden Walls of the late Duke of Ormond's House, on the one Side, and on the other Side by the House inhabited by the Lord Cornwallis. So that towards the Church there are not above two or three Houses on each Side. On the East Side is Angier-street, and on the West is Blackamoor-street, both taken up for Coaches and Stables, and of no great Account, being Back Streets.




Charles-street, being large and handsome, which comes out of St. James's Square on the East Side, and crosseth St. Albon's-street.


St. Albon's-street, another handsome well built Street, which goeth out of the Pall Mall, and fronts the Market.

St. Albon's-street.

St. James's Market, a large Place, with a commodious Market-house in the Midst, filled with Butchers Shambles; besides the Stalls in the Market Place, for Country Butchers, Higglers, and the like; being a Market now grown to great Account, and much resorted unto, as being well served with good Provisions. On the South west Corner is the Paved Alley, a good Through-fare into Charles-street, and so into St. James's Square, and those Parts; but is of no great Account for Buildings or Inhabitants. On each Side, or Square, of this Market is a Row of Houses, inhabited by such as have a Dependance on the Market, kept twice a Week, but that on Saturdays is the most considerable.

St. James's Market.

Paved Alley.

Market-street, so called from the Market which it fronts, against Germaine-street; a pretty good Street, and of some Trade. Here is a very small Place called Comb's Alley.


Comb's Alley.

Market Lane, which also takes its Name from the Market near adjoyning, and lyeth on the Backside of the Haymarket, into which it hath an ordinary and narrow Passage through Six Bell Alley, a Place for Stablings. In this Lane is Salter's Court, a small square Place, ill inhabited. Here is also another small Place called Parson's Court.

Market Lane.

Six Bell Alley.

Salter's Court.

Parson's Court.

Norris-street, but short, which cometh out of the Hay Market, and fronts the Market; a Place of a pretty good Trade for Salesmen.


The Hay Market, a spacious Street of great Resort, full of Inns, and Houses of Entertainment; especially on the West Side, which is in this Parish. The Market for Hay and Straw, here kept every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, makes it to be of good Account. The Inns, or Yards, on this Side, beginning next towards Pickadilly, are, Black Horse Yard; David's Yard, both for Stablings. Nag's Head Inn, indifferent large. Cock Yard, for Stablings. White Horse Inn, a Place of good Resort. Phenix Yard, and Unicorn Yard, both for Stablings, and Coach-houses, much resorted unto.

Hay Market.

Black Horse Yard.

David's Yard.

Nag's Head Inn.

White Horse Inn.

Phenix Yard.

Unicorn Yard.

Pickadilly, a large Street, and a great Through-fare, as seated in the Western Road. Well inhabited, especially that Part towards Albemarle Buildings. I shall begin with the South Side, next to St. James's-street; and then proceed to the North. And then the first is White Horse Inn; then Elephant Inn; then next beyond Duke-street is the King's Arms Inn; all three Inns of an indifferent Trade. Then beyond Church Lane, already spoken of, is Eagle-street, which falleth into Germin street: Next unto it is Fleece Yard, near the Hay Market, which hath a Passage into Germin-street, very ordinary built and inhabited: And near unto this Yard is Sadlers Court, which is but small and mean. Then on the North Side of Pickadilly, towards Albemarle Buildings, which is the best Part for Houses and Inhabitants, is Burlington House, the Seat of the Earl of Burlington; having a large Court Yard before, and a spacious Garden behind, which fronts the Fields; and from thence receives a fresh and wholesome Air. Near to this House are three or four more handsome Houses, with pleasant Gardens behind them; as, the House of Sir Thomas Clarges, the House where the Countess of Denbigh dwells, and the House of the Lord Sherbourn: Adjoining to which House is Sackvile-street, a pretty handsome open Place, as having a Prospect into the Gardens: It hath a turning Passage into Swallow-street. Near unto this Street, and in Pickadilly, is Maggot's Court, a pretty handsome Place, with a Freestone Pavement; and hath a Passage into Little Swallow-street. Bear Alley, but small, with a Pas-


White Horse Inn.

Elephant Inn.

King's Arms Inn.


Fleece Yard.

Sadler's Court.

Burlington House.


Maggot's Court

Bear Alley.