The Life of JOHN STOW. xix

The Life of JOHN STOW.

ted, and what were not: some whereof he had in his Possession. And of the three Books lying under his Head in his Monument in St. Saviours Church, viz. Speculum Meditantis (which he tells us, was writ in French) Vox Clamantis, (writ he saith, in Latin) and Confessio Amantis (in English) that this last only was Printed. He spoke also of Gower's Chronica Tripartita. Which, he saith, were never printed with other Books both Latin and French, which he had and possest, and among them the said Chronicles and the Vox Clamantis. As for the Speculum Meditantis he never saw it, but heard that it was somewhere in Kent.

This Tripartite Chronicle is (or sometime was) extant in the Cotton Library. It is writ in Latin Monks Verse; or at least some Part of it: as in one Place, where the Author compareth King Richard the Second, and his Successor King Henry IV. together, in which Reigns Gower lived: preferring the Latter to the former: Beginning,

Wever's Mon. p. 207.

O! quàm pensando, mores variosque notando,
Si bene scrutetur R ab H distare videtur? &c.

I find also that he was possest of Leland's Commentaries, being a Description of Britain (as was observed before) the Value of which, and the Author are sufficiently known; and of many more English and British Historians, which he lent to David Powel D.D. in the composing of the History of Cambria, viz. In written Hand, saith that Author to the Reader, I had Gildas Sapiens, alias, Nennius, Henry Huntington, William Malmesbury, Marianus Scotus, Ralph Cogshall, John Eversden, Nicolas Trivet, Florentius Vigorniensis, Simon of Durham, Roger Hoveden, and others. Which he said, remained in the Custody of John Stow Citizen of London; Adding how he deserved Commendation for getting together the antient Writers of the Histories of this Land.

Leland's Commentaries.

We are also beholden in a great measure to him for some of the Editions and Enlargements of another antient English Poet, viz. Jeffrey Chaucer: whose Poems were first collected and printed by William Caxton, Mercer: he that first brought the Art of printing into England in the Reign of Henry VI. They were increased again and published by William Thinne Esq; in the Reign of Henry VIII. Since corrected and twice increased (as he writes) through mine own painful Labours, in the Reign of Q. Elizabeth, to wit in the Year 1561. And again, beautified with Notes, by me collected out of divers Records and Monuments: which I delivered to my loving Friend, Thomas Speight. And he, having drawn the same into a good Form and Method, as also explained the old and obscure Words, published them Anno 1597.

Enlargements of Chaucer from him.

Chaucer's Tomb in Westminster.

He affected likewise old printed Books, and was a great Collector of them, whether History, Divinity, Physick, &c. The Names of divers whereof are mentioned before, An. 1568. when by Order of Council his Study was searched for Superstitious Books.

Let me now at last add a few Words more, to shew that he was skilful in some sorts of Learning necessary to qualify him for an able Antiquary, besides what I have already said of his natural Love of Truth, his diligent Inquisitiveness into common Reports and Relations, his laborious Searches after old MSS. to which I may subjoyn his Journeys which he sometimes took to be an Eye-witness for his better Satisfaction: He had Knowledge in Heraldry and Genealogies, which he had made good Use of sometimes for the enlightning and asserting some Matters of History.

Skilled in Heraldry.

Richard Lord Rich, sometime Lord Chancellor of England, made a great Figure in Stow's Time, being in high Place and Favour with King Henry VIII. and some of the succeding Princes. This Man was raised from the City, some of his Ancestors having been of the Mercers Company. Stow thought fit for the Honour of the City to take notice of it, and shewed us the Pedigree of this Lord in divers Descents as far back as his great great Grandfather. He being the Son of Thomas Rich, and Thomas the Son of John: John the Son of Richard, Sheriff of London An. 1442. and buried in the Church of St. Laurence Jury: and he the Son of Richard Rich of London Esq.

Lord Rich his Pedigree.

He was particularly acquainted with William Smith alias Rouge Dragon; who communicated several things to him, relating to Pedigrees and Descents; and Stow again communicated some Remarks of Armory to him. He got a Sight of a fine Book of Genealogies from Smith. It was of all the whole Family of Savoy, compiled by one Philebert Pingonio an Italian, Baron of Guzani. And because some denyed that Peter of Savoy that builded Savoy House in the Strand, was Earl of Savoy (as he had asserted) he proved it by this Book, that set down Thomas Earl of Savoy his Pedigree; and thence he saith, he gathered this, That the said Thomas had Issue by Beatrice Daughter of Aimon Earl of Geneva, Nine Sons and Three Daughters: That Amadis his first Son succeeded Earl of Savoy in the Year 1253. Peter his Second Son (the Person he was speaking of) Earl of Savoy and Richmond in the Year 1268. Philip his Third Son, Earl of Savoy and Burgundy, 1284. Thomas the Fourth, Earl of Flanders and Prince of Piemont, &c. Boniface the Eighth, Archbishop of Canterbury. Beatrice his Daughter, married to Reymund Berengarius of Aragon, Earl of Provence and Narbone, who had Issue and was Mother to Five Queens. The first, Margaret Wife to Lewis King of France. The second, Eleanor, Wife to Henry III. King of England, &c. So fortunate an Issue from a small Prince, that

The Genealogy of Peter of Savoy.

Stow