|The Life of JOHN STOW. ||xxiv
Song; with Housing there, newly builded for them for ever, with certain Salaries
And in cafe the Drapers performed this not, then the 3000 Marks to go to the
Covent of Christ Church, with Condition as aforesaid: Otherwise to be disposed
Executors in Works of Charity. And then Stow's Conclusion bluntly and plainly
Thus much for his Testament, not performed, by establishing of Divine Service in
Chapel, or the Free Schools for Scholars. Neither how the Stock of 3000 Mark,
5000 Marks, was employed by his Executors, could I ever learn.
The like Observation he makes of Bernard Randolph, sometime Common Serjeant of
City, who gave 1000l. in Lands or Annuities, for the Relief of the Poor in the
Queenhith and Castle Baynard (where probably his Habitation had been) and in
in Sussex, where he was born: Adding in his first Edition, (left out
afterwards;) but that
Money being left in Holdfast Hands, I have not heard how it was bestowed.
probably, made Enquiry after so large and notable a Legacy of that eminent
Officer of the
Nor Mr. Randolph's Legacy; Vol. 1. p.
And of later Time, Alderman Billingsly, living in the Parish of St. Katharine
by his Will 200l. to this Parish, for the Relief of the Poor; which good Intent of
observed not to be performed, and the Poor wronged: Though this, indeed, is none
Stow's Observation, but of A.M. that set forth the Survey after Stow's Death.
Nor Sir Henry Billingsley's Gift.
And therefore, as he writes in a certain Place in his Survey, having known these
of Charity left in Trust with Executors, hardly, or never performed; he wished Men to
make their own Hands their Executors, and their Eyes their Overseers; not
His Advice concerning Legacies.
Honour of Citizens.
Women be forgetful, Children be unkind;
Executors be covetous, and take what they find.
If any body asks where the Dead's Goods became:
So God me help, and holy Dome, He died a poor Man.
Nor did he shrink to charge Corporations themselves, as well as private Persons,
Abuse of the Charities of the Deceased. In Aldgate Ward, he giveth a List of many
charitable Gifts of Sir John Milbourn, (who was sometime Maior) the Founder of
Almshouses in Crutched Friars. And therein specifieth a particular Number of
Loaves and Quantity of Coals to be distributed to the Parishes of St. Edmund's
Street, and St Michael's Cornhill, for ever: And that he made the Company of
London, Trustees for these Charities; and settled upon them, for Performance,
twenty Messuages and Tenements, and Eighteen Garden Plots in the Parish of St.
Hart Street. Whereon Stow makes this severe
Note in the Margin of his first and second Edition (but left out in the
these Points were not performed; and that the Drapers unlawfully sold these
Garden Plots, and the Poor were wronged. What Ground Stow had for this, which
down so particularly, I know not; but I know that the said Company at this Time
them Right) utterly disown this Charge; and a Copy of the Will of the said
I have seen and perused at the Draper's Hall, by the Favour of an eminent Member
since deceased) mentioneth only the Almshouses; which that Company doth,
the said Will, duly and faithfully maintain. And this is the Reason that A.M.
thought fit in
the After-Editions to leave this out, charging our Author to have erred in this
saying, that he had a View of the Will by which the Almshouses were given, and
Writings touching the same; and that there neither were such Bread and Coals
such Houses or Gardens assured to the Company. This then must be attributed to
Misinformation given to Stow; tho' otherwise wont to be very careful and exact
in what he
writ. Yet hence may appear what a Dislike he had of those, who by such
wronged both the Dead that gave the Charities, and the Living who should have
Sir John Milbourn's Gifts.
N. Tench, Esq;
Again, another Abuse he discovered in the Parish of St. Michael's Cornhil, where
born; and openly blamed both the Executors and the Officers of the Parish; the
detaining, the others for being so slack in recovering. One John Tolus,
Alderman, in the
Year 1548, gave to the said Parish and Churchwardens his Tenement, with the
Appurtenances in that Parish, towards the Reparation of the Church, and Relief
Poor: But the Parish (as he writes) never had the Gift, nor heard of it by the
Space of forty
Years after. Such, saith he, was the Conscience of G. Barne, and other
conceal it to themselves; and such the Negligence of the Parishioners, that
thereof, made no Claim thereunto.
Alderman Tolus's Gift.
And as he reproved this Parish on this Occasion of their Neglect in a Matter of
he commended them on another, when once they consulted Christianly for the
their Poor. He had been speaking of certain Lodgings of the Men that belonged
Choir of St. Michael's Cornhill Church. And the Choir being dissolved, he took
how their Lodgings were appointed by the grave Fathers of that Time for ancient
Parishioners, Widows, and such as were not able to pay great Rents. Which
Work, he piously added, of harbouring the harbourless, is promised to be
rewarded in the
Kingdom of Heaven.
Their Care in St. Michaels Cornhill for
Harbour for their Poor, noted.
That good Disposition that was in him towards Charity, made him preserve in his
as in a standing Register, all the
A Table of Benefactors to London Bridge.