The Life of JOHN STOW. xxvi

The Life of JOHN STOW.

was not permitted a Resting Place for his Bones there in his own Vault, being thrown out to make room for another, was a severe but just Reflection upon those that were guilty of that Ingratitude and Inhumanity. Thomas Lodge, sometime Maior was, buried in his Vault; and Monuments for him set up in the Place of Keble's Monument.

Again, he noted it as a Mark of great Ingratitude upon the Parish of St. Michael Cornhil, that the Tombs there on the North side of the Choir, of Robert Drope, sometime Maior, and the Lady Lisle, sometime Wife of the said Drope, were pulled down, and no Monument remaining of them: and one Peter Houghton laid in their Vault: Both which had been very considerable Benefactors to that Parish, and Church. She gave her great Messuage with the Appurtenences: Which her Executors assured to the Parson and Churchwardens and their Successors, to keep Yearly her Obit or Anniversary: Part to be spent on the Poor, and the rest of the Profits to be employed in the Reparation of the Church. And this Estate called the Lady Lisle's Lands, the Parish enjoyed for many Years, having let a Lease of it for 60 Years at the Rent of 8l. 13s. 4d. Notwithstanding, afterwards they gave it up as Chauntry Land, and wronged themselves. This was the Parish's Disregard and most ingrateful slight of this good Lady (which Stow leaves upon Record) to reject the Remembrance of Her, by letting her Monument perish, and of her Gift to be so easily parted withal.

And Drope's and his Lady.

Such a Hint of Ingratitude he gave those that were concerned in it, concerning Sir John Allen in King Henry the Eighth's time, who was the Founder of Mercers Chapel, then a very fair and beautiful Building; and was himself buried there with a Tomb over him. Which was afterwards removed into the Church belonging to the Hospital of St. Thomas of Acars: And his Body-Room divided into Shops, let out for Rent. And his Tomb is long since utterly gone into Oblivion: And his Memory must have been lost as well as his Monument, had it not been preserved by good Mr. Stow in his Survey.

And Sir John Allen's Tomb removed.

Cheapward.

Further, for this Sacrilege towards Monuments, he leaveth a Sarcastical Reproach upon the Parish and Churchwardens of Alhallows Staining; where he speaks "of their pulling down their Monuments, and sweeping them out of their Church: and that the Churchwardens were forced to make a large Account for Brooms, viz. twelve Shillings; besides the carying away of the Stones and Brass thereof at their own Charge."

The Monuments in Staining Church. Langb. Ward.

He left also a Mark of Ignominy, on one who was Vicar of Shorditch (his Name was Dr. Hanmer) on the same sacrilegious Account. "Of late, saith he, a Vicar there, for Covetousness of the Brass, which he converted into coined Silver, plucked up many Plates fixed on the Graves; and left no Memory of such as had been buried under them. A great Injury, added he, both to the Living, and to the Dead: Forbidden by publick Proclamation in the Reign of our Sovereign Lady Q. Elizabeth. But not forborn of many, that either of a preposterous Zeal, or of a greedy Mind spare not to satisfy themselves by so wicked a Means."

Brass torn away from Graves in Shorditch.

And as it grieved him to see the Monuments in Churches so violated, so he was much more grieved at the Overthrow of Churches themselves, and so many noble venerable Structures of Religion: And he could not forbear sometimes to express his Admiration of these fine antient Works, the Effects of former Piety and Devotion: and with as much Modesty as he could, to reprove such as pulled them down for their own Gain and Covetousness. With such a Touch he wiped the old Marquis of Winchester, who obtained the Augustin Friars in London: or some other. To which belonged a most curious spired Steeple, small, high, and strait, which Stow was mightily delighted with, and said, he had not seen the like. The small Spire of this Church had been overthrown by a Tempest of Wind An. 1362. but raised anew to that Beauty in which he had seen it. And so, said he, it might have stood, had not private Benefit (the only Devourer of Antiquity) pulled it down. And then relating, how the goodly Steeple, and all the East part of the Church was taken down, and Houses for one Man's Commodity raised in the Place; London, he said, had lost a goodly Monument; and Time hereafter might more talk of it.

Grieved at the demoiishing of antient Churches and Religious Structures.

There is one thing more I must take notice of in Mr. Stow's Temper; which perhaps may be lookt upon as a fond Thing in him, and not worthy troubling his Head about. It was, that he could not endure the high Turrets, and Buildings run up to a great Heighth, which some Citizens in his Time (especially in Q. Elizabeth's Reign) laid out their Money upon, to overtop and overlook their Neighbours, Such sort of advanced Works, both Towers and Chimneys, they built both in their Summer-Houses in Moorfields and in other Places in the Suburbs, and in their Dwelling Houses in the City it self. He compared them to Bankrupts bearing great Shew but little Worth: and "that they were like Midsummer Pageants with Towers, Turrets and Chimney Tops, not so much for Use and Profit as for Shew and Pleasure; Bewraying, said he, the Vanities of Mens Minds. And that it was unlike to the Disposition of the antient Citizens, who delighted in the building of Hospitals, and Almshouses for the Poor: and therein both employed their Wits, and spent their Wealth, in preferment of the common Commodity of this our City." By which Words meaning to upbraid the Degeneracy of the

Disliked building high Turrets upon Houses.

present